International Journal of Business Information Systems (91 papers in press)
- How Information System Investment Evaluation Being Initiated: An Actor Network Theory Perspective
by Fayiz Shrafat, Hayel Ababneh, Wasfi Alrawabdeh
Abstract: Determining whether investments in information technology (IT) have an impact on firm performance has been and continues to be a major problem for information system (IS) researchers and practitioners. To better understand the often far-reaching implications associated with technology investment and interrelated IS evaluation, this study follows actor-network theory (ANT) as a theoretical lens and interpretive case study as a methodology. This paper seeks to make a contribution to the theory of IS evaluation in a developing country context to close a gap in knowledge by generating new understanding of the IS pre-evaluation practices adopted by a large Jordanian bank. In addressing the above issues the study serves an important objective which is to provide valuable insights regarding the way in which IS investments projects are evaluated, which is currently lacking in both the information systems and the management literature.
Keywords: Actor-network theory, Information systems, Information technology, IS investment, IS Evaluation.
- Materialized View Selection using BCO
by T.V. Vijay Kumar, B Arun
Abstract: Economists in the post-industrial era had long realized that data, information and knowledge are the key capital of any organization. Presently, almost every enterprise maintains their data in a data warehouse. This helps the analyst in accessing critical business information in real time using online analytical processing (OLAP) tools. Materialized views have been the popular mode used to achieve very fast OLAP operations. Selecting appropriate sets of optimal views, from amongst all possible views, is an NP-Complete problem. In this paper, the bee colony optimization (BCO) meta-heuristic, which is inspired by the foraging behavior of bees in nature, has been adapted to address the view selection problem. In this regard, a bee colony optimization based view selection algorithm (BCOVSA), that selects the Top-K views from a multidimensional lattice, has been proposed. Experimental results show that BCOVSA, in comparison to the most fundamental greedy view selection algorithm HRUA, is able to select comparatively better quality of views.
Keywords: Data Warehouse, Materialized View Selection, Swarm Intelligence, Bee Colony Optimization
- A Study on migrating Non-users to Retail Internet Banking: Evidence from India
by V. V. Ravi Kumar, S.K. Bose
Abstract: Internet Banking is a service delivery channel which has the power to offer Banking Services to the customers anywhere on a 24x7 365 days basis. At the same time the cost of offering this service for Banks is just one-tenth of that of a Branch based service. Internet Banking offers a win-win proposition for both the customer and the Bank. Yet, in an emerging economy like India, there are a large number of retail Bank customers who are yet to start using this cost effective and convenient delivery channel. This paper tries to find out the reasons behind this non-usage and what Banks must do to migrate non-users to Retail Internet Banking as studies focusing on them have been few. The study also has utilized extensively the literature available on the subject.
Keywords: Internet Banking, Non-users of Retail Internet Banking, Security, Training, Branch based Interaction, Access.
- DEVELOPMENT, MEASUREMENT AND VALIDATION OF AN INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGY READINESS ACCEPTANCE AND PLANNED BEHAVIOR (TRAPB) MODEL FOR INDIAN MOBILE BANKING INDUSTRY
by Muragesh Pattansheti, Sachin Kamble, Sudheer Dhume, Rakesh D. Raut
Abstract: The mobile phone has undeniably brought paradigm shift, affecting both lives of the people and the business environment. It has permeated the lives of billions of people around the world; becoming for many an indispensable device. Moreover, adoption of mobile banking has significant impact on reducing cost and enabling change in retail banking. Factors influencing the intention to use or adopt mobile banking are very important part, thus playing a vital role for mobile banking service providers. This study proposes and validates an online mobile banking model by integrating the technology readiness acceptance and theory of planned behavior model, using a comprehensive set of measurement dimensions identified from the literature.
Keywords: Technology acceptance model, technology readiness acceptance, theory of planned behaviour, online banking, mobile banking, Indian banking industry.
- Patterns and Commonalities in Rapid System Development (RSD) Methodologies
by Anithashree Chandrasekaran,, Rashmi Jain
Abstract: The growing competition and customer needs have called for shorter system development time while embracing the changes and quality challenges. These system development methods, tools, techniques, and practices are collectively known as Rapid System Development (RSD). This collection is growing and has received significant attention in the current challenging and unprecedented market conditions. The authors upon studying these RSD methods, tools, and techniques identify four basic patterns that address rapidity. These four patterns are iteration (cycle), increment (release, evolution), concurrency, and feedback control. This paper discusses in detail about these four patterns and their benefits.
Keywords: rapid development, iterations, incremental development, agile, systems
- A Conceptual Model of Information System Usage for Better Improvement in Organizations
by Ibrahim Magboul, Kok Wai Chew, Murali Raman
Abstract: This paper describes a conceptual model of information system (IS) usage for better improvement in organisations. First, the model considers IS usage as an intervening variable that plays a dual role, both as an antecedent and a consequence. Second, the model is constructed in context that reflects the essential factors influencing IS usage in organizations, namely, top management support, availability of training, businessIT alignment, information service support and IS investment. Third, the model integrates IS usage with selected strategic variables from the literature, namely, product differentiation, product innovation, process innovation, organizational performance, competitive advantage and strategy formulation in attempt to improve the performance of organizations. A number of propositions will be suggested based on the model as the basis for a future survey work to thoroughly examine, validate, and refine the various aspects of IS usage.
Keywords: Information systems; information system usage; organizational improvement; conceptual model; antecedents; consequences; intervening variable; strategic variable
- Determinants of Cloud Computing Adoption by SMEs
by Vidhyalakshmi R, Vikas Kumar
Abstract: Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), use Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a tool for business development Cloud Computing, one of the major advancement of ICT is alleged to provide host of benefits, competitive edge and assist to gain a commendable position to enterprises in the market. However, the SMEs do not realize the benefits of cloud due to the lack of know-how and the limitations of the new technologies. This also slows down cloud adoption for their business to a greater extent. They need to view beyond the hype of cloud computing and delve into the real values it adds to the business. Scalability, flexibility and dynamic provisioning are the attractive features of the cloud but security; reliability and entrusting public cloud are the darker side of it. The lack of presence of a standard set of metrics makes this task even more complex. This paper lists out the different factors to consider for cloud adoption. This will help the SMEs to evaluate cloud suitability for their business. The financial metrics such as Return of Investment (ROI) and Total Cost Ownership (TCO) calculations are provided to understand financial metrics before cloud adoption.
Keywords: SaaS; SME; ROI; TCO; Cloud Determinants; Cloud Adoption costs; Scalability; Reliability
- Effect of Virtual Community Involvement on New Product Development: Case Studies Indonesian Online Commerce Companies
by Suciwati Nursiam, Putu Wuri Handayani, Ida Ayu Kadek Trisnanty
Abstract: This research aims to examine the effect of virtual community involvement during a new product development, focusing on parameters speed to market, product quality, customer needs fulfilment, and product differentiation. This study also observes the utilization and effectiveness of social media Facebook and Twitter by companies in assisting new product development activities. The methodologies used in this research are qualitative methods specifically interviews and online observations, quantitative method using PLS-SEM data analysis technique to analyze data of 210 respondents, and case study on Indonesian online commerce companies of Gantibaju.com and Thinkcookcook.com. The result shows that there is a positive influence on product quality, customer needs fulfilment, and product differentiation at Gantibaju.com and Thinkcookcook.com. There is also a positive influence on speed to market in Thinkcookcook.com, however this is not the case with Gantibaju.com. For Thinkcookcook.com, Facebook is the most effective social media for new product development activities, while Twitter is the most effective social media used by Gantibaju.com.
Keywords: e-commerce; virtual community; new product development; social media; speed to market; product quality; product differentiation; customer fulfillment; PLS-SEM
- Modeling Direct Marketing Campaign on Social Networks
by Safique Ahmed Faruque, Mossa. Anisa Khatun, Md. Saidur Rahman
Abstract: Social networks are considered as a very effective marketing platform for marketers. Unlike viral marketing direct marketing is not well established on this platform till now. By using the data of social networks direct marketing will be more effective as friends on social networks can influence buyers purchasing decisions. Moreover ROI (Return On Investment) and ratio of marketing to sales can be calculated properly on this platform by direct marketing rather than viral marketing. In this paper we develop a model of direct marketing campaign on a social network. We classify networks based on the suitability of campaigning according to this model. We also present some of the properties of a network to identify its class. Based on this model we formulate a minimization problem. We develop a heuristic algorithm addressing the minimization problem. We also compare the outcomes of this algorithm with optimum results.
- GLOBALIZATION WITHIN A RICH E-COMMERCE ENVIRONMENT: A CASE STUDY OF LARGE MANUFACTURING FIRMS
by Steven Clinton, Alan D. Smith
Abstract: Globalization within an e-commerce environment dominates both service and manufacturing sectors as customers are becoming more empowered and expectations of high-levels of service and speed to match. This paper set out to define what globalization is in relation to the business world, why companies decide to go global, the globalization strategies they implement, and the advantages and disadvantages of going global. To highlight these points, the paper will focus on two Pittsburgh, PA-based food producers (one was their global headquarters, while the other has corporate offices in Pittsburgh) that are part of major corporate globalization and e-commerce development. This paper will compare and contrast the different strategic styles that each company has implemented to navigate the complexities of a rich e-commerce global marketplace.
Keywords: case study; e-commerce; globalization; hypercompetition; offshoring; tax inversion
- Study on collaboration and information sharing practices for SCM in Indian SMEs
by Ravinder Kumar, Rajesh Kumar Singh, Ravi Shanker
Abstract: Supply chain management (SCM) is a system that contains multiple entities, processes and activities from suppliers to customers. In a supply chain, raw materials and information flow from the supplier to the manufacturer, before final distributions to customers as finished products or services. The capability of collaboration and information sharing is essential to improve the overall effectiveness of the SCM. Collaboration involves devising a set of strategies in which external and internal actors with different capabilities achieve their common goals and capabilities to face global competition. Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are more sensitive to environmental changes of market as compared to large organizations. To achieve competitive advantage SMEs should strategically implement collaboration and information sharing practices in their Supply Chains.
In this study, authors have used a survey based approach to study collaboration and information sharing practices for SCM in Indian SMEs. The results revealed that supplier selection and evaluation, involvement of customers in decision making and use of IT for different tools has significant impact on business performance of Indian SMEs.
Keywords: Keywords- Information sharing, collaboration, Information technology, Supply chain management, Small and medium enterprises.
- Using TOPSIS and Modified TOPSIS Methods for Evaluating the Competitive Advantages of Internet Shopping Malls
by Anil Kumar, Manoj Kumar Dash, Deepesh Kumar Singh
Abstract: Taking into consideration personal innovativeness on information technology, web quality dimension, information and e-service dimension, incentives and post purchase service and online reputation, this research explores how internet shopping malls to establish their competitive advantages through these dimensions. This study starts with an examination of the literature on internet shopping malls about their competitive advantages upon which we develop conceptual framework and proposed a research model. Data is collected through structured questionnaire by survey of experts. TOPSIS is used to rank internet shopping malls and Modified TOPSIS is applied to check sensitivity of results. From this study results, information and e-service dimension and online reputation are the most important factors for improving competitive advantage of internet shopping malls. Moreover, Flipkart and Myntra rank the first two positions for internet shopping malls. This study draws on the research results for implications of managerial practice, and then suggests some empirical tactics in order to enhance management performance for the online service providers.
Keywords: personal innovativeness, online reputation, incentives and post purchase service, internet shopping malls, TOPSIS, Modified TOPSIS, competitive advantages
- Using data mining and neural networks techniques to propose a new hybrid customer behavior analysis and credit scoring model in banking services based on a developed RFM analysis method
by Mohammad Khanbabaei, Mahmood Alborzi
Abstract: Nowadays, credit scoring is one of the major activities in banks and other financial institutions. Also, banks need to identify customers behavior to segment and classify valuable customers. Data mining techniques and RFM analysis method can help banks develop customer behavior analysis and credit scoring systems. Many researchers have deployed credit scoring and RFM analysis method in their studies, separately. In this paper, a new hybrid model of behavioral scoring and credit scoring based on data mining and neural networks techniques is presented for the field of banking. In this hybrid model, a new enhanced WRFMLCs analysis method is developed using clustering and classification techniques. Results demonstrate that the proposed model can be deployed to effectively segment and classify valuable bank customers.
Keywords: data mining, neural networks, customer behavior analysis, credit scoring, RFM analysis method, banking
- The impact of Information Technology maturity on firm performance considering the moderating role of relational maturity: An empirical research
by Abbas Keramati, masoud Afshari, Iman Behmanesh
Abstract: The role of information technology (IT) in firm performance is remained an open research question. This research provides new discernments for better understanding the mechanisms supporting this relationship by analyzing the effects of IT maturity, complementary investments, process orientation and relational maturity on firm performance. We expanded existing literature by developing and empirically testing a model where: (1) the performance is affected by IT maturity and, (2) relational maturity can reinforce this relationship. The correctness of the suggested model was statistically approved by gathering data from Iran electric industry and using MPLUS3 software. This research proves that there is a positive significant correlation between IT maturity and performance. Also we find that IT maturity affects firm performance by enabling organizational processes. Based on the findings of this research investigation, relational maturity of the organization plays a moderating role in the relationship between IT maturity and firm performance. Findings of this research will be of epical interest to both academics and practitioners of information systems.
Keywords: IT maturity, relational maturity, relationship-centered organization, process-oriented perspective, resource-based view
- The experience of using Moodle and Elluminate Live! as learning tools in the Hashemite University Case study: Computer Skills Course
by Randa Obeidallah, Ghadeer Ghazal, Aayat Shdaifat
Abstract: In Jordan, e-learning tools are used to enhance the traditional learning process in traditional class rooms. Course management systems (CMS) are being utilized by many Jordanian universities to improve the learning process. The Hashemite University exploits many e-learning tools, in particular Moodle and Elluminate Live!. In this paper, we will study the experience of the Hashemite University toward Moodle and Elluminate Live! in Computer Skills Course (CS). This study helps to highlight the importance of using such tools to reduce resources required to the CS course in addition to understand students perception toward blended education.
Keywords: The Hashemite University, e-learning, Course Management Systems, computer
skills course, Moodle, Elluminate Live!, online course.
- Risk analysis in Adoption of Cloud Computing in SMEs - A Literature Review
by Pragati Priyadarshinee, Manoj Kumar Jha, Rakesh Raut, Manoj Kharat
Abstract: This paper presents a systematic literature review, to explore the current key issues related to Cloud Computing adoption in Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs). This is achieved by reviewing 55 articles published about Cloud Computing adoption in SMEs. Using the grounded review approach, articles are classified into four main categories: Cloud Computing; Adoption of Cloud Computing; Adoption of Cloud Computing in SMEs; Risk Analysis in Adoption of Cloud Computing in SMEs. Then, the four categories are divided into one focus abstract: Risk Analysis in Adoption of Cloud Computing in SMEs, where the former affects the latter. The results of this review indicate that enterprises face serious problems after implementation of Cloud Computing with respect to risk. Based on the findings, the paper provides a future research agenda to explore the previously under-investigated areas regarding Cloud Computing adoption factors and processes. This paper calls for further theoretical, methodological, and empirical contributions to the research area of Cloud Computing adoption in SMEs. It provides a comprehensive view of insights gained in this area of research through the bibliography.
Keywords: Cloud Computing, Risk, SMEs, Security, Literature review.
- IMPLEMENTATION AND CULTURAL ISSUES GOING TOGETHER FOR SUCCESSFUL ADOPTION OF ERP SYSTEMS
by Devaraj Saravanan, Dennis Joseph
Abstract: Adoption of ERP systems is becoming a big challenge to the enterprises. Several personal, managerial and organisational issues contribute to successful adoption. This research paper attempts to identify potential issues that lead to successful adoption of ERP systems in enterprises. A vast research has been done on identifying different issues that contribute to satisfactory adoption of ERP systems in organisations. Questionnaires were developed around the significant influencing issues reported in literature and the feedback of industry people having good experience with ERP systems. Exploratory factor analysis was applied on the feedback data to derive prominent factors that contribute to successful adoption of ERP systems. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was also applied to further examine the derived constructs. From the results, it is found that the implementation issues and cultural issues together establish a strong base for successful adoption of ERP systems in organisations.
Keywords: enterprise systems; enterprise resource planning; ERP; technology adoption; information technology.
- Listening to the Consumers Voice in Website Analytics
by Matthew Bunker, Darrell Bartholomew, Mohammed Rawwas
Abstract: Usability studies coupled with the think aloud protocol allow firms and researchers to gain insights into peoples web browsing experience. The purpose of this exploratory study is to gain additional insights into the customer perceptions of the webpage experience. Thirty respondents browsed restaurant webpages while using the think aloud protocol. Three major themes that emerged from the analysis are: (1) respondents create future experiences through their interactions with the website; (2) Servicescapes have a large influence on respondents decision to patronize the restaurant; and (3) customer interface plays a multidimensional role in influencing customers choices. The usability studies revealed customer thoughts and feelings that might be missed if other Internet research methodologies were utilized. Usability studies do not replace these methods, but they do have a place within the large arsenal of Internet research methodologies.
Keywords: Usability study, think aloud protocol, webpage, restaurant, services, experiential quality, servicescape, customer interface
- Effects of applying radio frequency identification in supply chain management: An empirical study of manufacturing enterprises
by Sarah Pesaran Afsharian, Alireza Alizadeh, Mehri Chehrehpak
Abstract: Identifying and tracking goods in the supply chain is one of the most important factors influencing supply chain management. This paper is trying to determine the effects of applying Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) to identify items in the supply chain of manufacturing enterprises. To this aim, at first, a comprehensive literature review and experts judgments are employed to identify possible influential factors, and then a questionnaire is conducted for evaluating these factors. This questionnaire filled by about 200 experts of using RFID in manufacturing enterprise. Filled questionnaire used for examination of statistical hypothesis, which examine the impact of this technology on supply chain. The results showed that applying RFID has a positive impact on organizational performance, especially in supply chain management processes and inventory management. Also it can lead to reduce errors, improve performance and save time, increase security in payments and reduce theft, improve the quality of management decisions, increase job satisfaction and improve effective operational automation.
Keywords: Supply Chain Management (SCM) ، Good Recognition, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Manufacturing Enterprises, Statistical hypothesis
- The Critical Success Factors for Customer Relationship Management Implementation: a Systematic Literature Review
by Meyliana Meyliana, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto, Eko K. Budiardjo
Abstract: The implementation of Customer Relationship Management (CRM) is one of the most common strategies applied by companies to enhance customer relationship and highly related to technology. In fact, it is not easy to successfully implement this strategy because it requires a huge investment and influenced by other critical factors.This research is fulfilled to synthesize Critical Success Factors (CSFs) from CRM implementation using systematic literature review approach to published 2001-2014 papers. According to the findings towards 53 relevant papers, technology selection and adaptation (technological readiness) are the most dominant factors. Furthermore, the synthesis finding shows as well CSF research shifting to social media, and turns out as the difference between CRM and Social CRM implementation
Keywords: Critical Success Factors (CSFs), Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Social Media, Social Customer Relationship Management (Social CRM), Systematic Literature Review
- A Review of Recent Advances in Text Mining of Indian Languages
by Prabin Kumar Panigrahi, Nishikant Bele
Abstract: Text mining in English language has been researched extensively in past and significant amount of resources, tools, and techniques have been developed. India is a country of high language diversity. A large amount of textual data is available in Indian languages. Knowledge can be discovered from this text by applying text-mining techniques. Due to the characteristics of Indian languages; tools, techniques and resources available for mining text in English language cannot be applied directly to text in Indian languages. We could not find any comprehensive literature describing the research work related to mining of text written in Indian languages. In this Paper, we review the availability research work done so far, availability of language resources and various challenges of text mining tasks in Indian languages.
Keywords: Text mining, Indian Languages, Language Corpora, Feature Extraction, Language Resources, Classification, Sentiment Analysis
- Data Warehouse Requirements Engineering: An Emerging Discipline
by Deepika Prakash, Daya Gupta
Abstract: Though the origins of requirements engineering lie in software/information systems engineering, our study shows that requirements engineering in data warehouse systems is beginning to emerge as a stand-out, independent discipline. We show that failure statistics of both kinds of systems point to the common problem of defective requirements. Consequently, a number of models and techniques were developed in software/information systems for engineering the requirements of the system To-Be. Initially, data warehouse requirements engineering was highly influenced by these. However, in recent years, new concepts and models specific to data warehouse requirements engineering have been proposed. We are seeing the emergence of a new discipline.
Keywords: Requirements; Requirements Engineering; Business Intelligence; Data Warehouse; Transactional Systems; Decisional Systems
- A Hybrid Selection Method on Information System Development Project
by Shaaban Elahi, Zahra Shamsi, Ali Rajabzadeh Ghatari
Abstract: As a critical management activity, project selection must be based on critical success factors; however, finding these factors within a project context is a challenge. The present study introduces a framework with five dimensions of financial, organizational, time, product and innovation to classify criteria by promoting the project management triangle. Furthermore, in order to select information system projects, we propose a hybrid method consisting of two components; one utilizes the fuzzy concept for dealing with the uncertainty of the selection problem, called the fuzzy evaluation which presents a fuzzy expert system with five fuzzy subsystems. The second component concerns a ranking technique that is an integration of the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution and Analytical Hierarchical Process ranking method. Finally, the proposed method is examined on an information system development company (TOSAN Company) and its results arecompared with the reality.
Keywords: Fuzzy Evaluation; Critical Success Factors; Project Selection; Information Systems
- Segmentation of Retail Customers based on Cluster Analysis in Building Successful CRM
by Gaurav Gupta, Himanshu Aggarwal, Rinkle Rani
Abstract: Direct marketers uses data mining technique called segmentation based on Cluster Analysis to target a subset of their customers for improving their profits. As the world is growing more and more competitive, the customer need and experience is becoming more important to the businesses. CRM based on data mining is a comprehensive strategy and a process of acquiring, retaining, and partnering with selective customers to create superior value for the business by using customer knowledge. The objective of the paper is to segment the relevant customers through cluster analysis by SPSS tool that may be helpful to the marketers in increasing their profit, sales and building long-term relationships with them. Segmentation of the customers can be achieved through cluster analysis. The findings in the paper may help the retailers to focus those segments of customers that increase their business, sales and profit and also aid in customer build ups and maintaining log-term relationships
Keywords: Segmentation; Data Mining; CRM; Cluster Analysis; Customer; Retailing; Relationship; Services; Businesses; Marketing; Strategies
- Measurement of the information system project success of the higher education institutions in Indonesia: a pilot study
by A´ang Subiyakto, Mira Kartiwi, Abd. Rahman Ahlan, Syopiansyah Jaya Putra
Abstract: This paper presents a pilot study to validate quantitatively an information system (IS) project success model. In term of its continual research, the model was evaluated qualitatively using focus group study (FGS) conducted earlier in the research. This study was also aimed to explain an IS project success performance and its factors that affect the project implementation in the sampled institution. Despite that the findings and its recommendations can only be considered in the context of the pilot study, this research had highlighted the complementary, completeness, and comprehensiveness of the model validation through mixed-methods approach. Such findings had become the main contribution of this study, among others, that is to fill the gap in the literature of the lack of comprehensive detail of model validation through mixed-methods.
Keywords: IS project success, pilot study, model validation, mixed method.
- ELECTRONIC INTERVENTION AND PLATFORMS AND THEIR IMPACTS ON CROWDFUNDING BEHAVIOR
by Alan D. Smith, Susan Cockrell, Dan Meyer
Abstract: The following study examines the crowdfunding behavior of a sample of business professionals located in the service sector of metropolitan Pittsburgh, PA. In general, the empirical findings suggested that smaller goals tend to have better success ratios, while getting the targets achieved tends to attract more donors, especially when a goal is nearly met. Contrary to findings in some previous literature, there appears to be a weak link between respondents social networking use and familiarity with crowdfunding. Furthermore, respondents charitable giving habits did not closely link with crowdfunding solicitation behavior. Finally, there was a weak connection between crowdfunding behavior and income, but age did reveal a significant connection.
Keywords: business strategy; case study; crowdfunding; crowdsourcing; project-backer behavior
- Open Source Accounting Software for SMEs
by Diogo Sampaio, Jorge Bernardino
Abstract: The economic market constantly shifts and change, requiring increasingly complex and agile adaptations from companies, particularly in a global world where the future is becoming unpredictable. Therefore it is critical an effective accounting management tool to build a successful business, especially for SMEs Small and Medium Enterprises, where the margin for error is small. Accounting software systems are a great solution for SMEs to improve accounting management and to assist managers to overcome the complexity of the various regulatory and administrative obligations that currently attends any commercial transaction. Unfortunately, despite all the benefits, they are not yet common in SMEs, that still favor outsourcing there financial information, frequently due to the wrong idea that accounting software is an intricate tool as well too costly. In this paper, we propose to refute this preconceived idea, and present Open Source Software (OSS) as a viable alternative to proprietary software regarding accounting software systems. We describe and compare six top open source accounting software systems and study the applicability of these tools in fitting the requirements of SMEs.
Keywords: Financial software; Accounting software systems; Open Source Software; SMEs.
- Unveiling consumers privacy paradox behavior in an economic exchange
by Luvai Motiwalla, Xiao-bai LI
Abstract: Privacy paradox is of great interest to IS researchers and firms gathering personal information. It has been studied from social, behavioral, and economic perspectives independently. However, prior research has not examined the degrees of influence these perspectives contribute to the privacy paradox problem. We combine both economic and behavioral perspectives in our study of the privacy paradox with a price valuation of personal information through an economic experiment combined with a behavioral study on privacy paradox. Our goal is to reveal more insights on the privacy paradox through economic valuation on personal information. Results indicate that general privacy concerns or individual disclosure concerns do not have a significant influence on the price valuation of personal information. Instead, prior disclosure behavior in specific scenario, like with health-care providers or social networks, is a better indicator of consumer price valuations.
Keywords: Privacy paradox; privacy concerns; disclosure behaviors; privacy calculus; personal information; privacy valuation
- Explanations in Recommender Systems: An Overview
by Rajesh Sharma, Sanjog Ray
Abstract: Personalization of product and services is one of the most important aspects in e-commerce and web-based companies. Recommender system is the technology that helps build personalization features. One promising and emerging area in the field of recommender systems is explanations. Explanation is the reasoning behind the information presented about a recommendation and plays an important role in helping a user to evaluate the recommendation received on websites related to e-commerce, social networking, search engines etc. In this paper we present an overview of this emerging concept of explanation which is important in present day context as an aid for overcoming information overload. Present status of research in this field is discussed on the dimensions of the objectives and evaluation of performance of explanations, effect of explanation interfaces on the users and the growing influence of explanations in social networking sites. We conclude the paper with discussions on areas of future research in this upcoming field which can be of academic interest to the researchers and of practical utility to the system designers of recommender systems for increasing its effectiveness.
Keywords: Explanation, Recommender System, Review, Survey, Overview
- Factors affecting Cloud Computing Adoption: Perspectives of IT Professionals
by Ibrahim Al-Jabri, Mohammed Alabdulhadi
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to study the factors affecting cloud computing adoption. This study used the technology-organisation-environment (TOE) framework as a baseline for the factors affecting cloud computing adoption. The specific factors in the TOE framework are relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, organisational readiness, top management support, competitive pressure, and business partner pressure. An online-based survey was employed to collect data from 106 IT managers, IT consultants, and IT professionals working in Saudi organisations. Using binary logistic regression analysis, the results revealed that top management is positively and significantly associated with the likelihood of cloud computing adoption. The findings offer organisations and cloud computing service providers with better understanding of factors affecting the adoption of cloud computing.
Keywords: cloud computing; computing adoption; technology-organization-environment; relative advantage; compatibility; complexity; organizational readiness; top management; competitive pressure; business partner pressure; IT professionals; Saudi Arabia
- A theoretical and methodological examination of knowledge management maturity models: a systematic review
by Mona Jami Pour, Amir Manian, Hamid Reza Yazdani
Abstract: Maturity models assist organizations to evaluate processes effectively. During two decades ago, the researches about maturity models and process improvement has grown increasingly. Investigating the theoretical basics of maturity model in KM field and revealing the gaps in this domain are challenging tasks for researchers. Until today, no studies have been available summarizing the theoretical foundations, methods and results of the field of maturity model in KM research. To gain research objective, systematic literature review was conducted in studies related to KM maturity form valid scientific databases from 2000 to 2014. In this study, in addition to addressing KM paradigms in general and offering challenges and strength aspects of each paradigm, theoretical foundations of KM maturity research have also examined in particular. Results show that functionalist is the prominent paradigm in all articles except one of them while this paradigm has criticized in many IS researches. The findings provide holistic insight for both researchers and practitioners. Researchers can use study findings as reference and starting point for developing new KM maturity models. At the same time, this study as a references framework can assist practitioners to identify appropriate maturity models for their business situation. The main research contribution is structuring and analyzing the available literature of the field of KM maturity to identify their theoretical foundations as well as research gaps via a systematic way. A discussion of future of KM maturity model is also provided.
Keywords: knowledge management, maturity models, KM paradigms, mapping study
- A Framework to measure Coupling using Static Change Impact Analysis
by Subhrakanta Panda, Durga Prasad Mohapatra
Abstract: Software defects can often be the result of many changes made to a software over a period of time. Incomplete or incorrect comprehension of the program segments affected by the changes may cost regression testing. Therefore, identification and testing of such program segments early in the testing phase can reveal more regression errors. Driven by this motivation, this paper uses a new slicing technique to identify the affected program segments through static change impact analysis. The probability of a program segment being erroneous is then shown by computing the coupling factor of the affected program segments. We propose a novel static approach to compute the coupling factor of these affected program segments to predict the erroneous parts. The theoretical validation and comparative analysis shows the correctness and preciseness of the approach.
Keywords: Slicing; Hierarchical Slicing; Intermediate graph; Dependences; Coupling; Export Coupling.
- Tailoring for Agile Methodologies: A Framework for Sustaining Quality and Productivity
by Nitin Uikey, Ugrasen Suman
Abstract: Agile software development has been embraced increasingly in the last two decades. Process customization is required to any selected method for satisfying the objectives. For achieving project success, software process must be tailored according to customer requirements. Although agile methodologies have best practices in themselves, to create a distinctive process for a project and accumulating various practices is difficult. There is a need for the framework and guidelines, which can benefit the tailoring process accessible and understandable. This paper proposes a framework, which can guide the teams to choose among different agile practices and create a process, which best suits the project and the organization. The decision is based on environmental factors, customer requirements, project goals and project tailoring strategies. Through empirical study, it is observed that the organizations support agile as part of the development, but practitioners feel more improvements are required in methodology processes.
Keywords: tailoring; agile; agile methods; framework and guidelines; agile process tailoring; traditional development phases; empirical study; sustaining quality; sustaining productivity; agile practices.
- Determinants of the Information Systems Effectiveness at the Ministry of Communications-Kuwait
by Omar Khalil, Haitham G. Ghanim, Refaat H. Abdel-Razek
Abstract: As the role of Information Systems (IS) in public institutions continues to broaden in scope and complexity, it is imperative to determine whether they are effective and how they can be improved. A research model was adopted to investigate IS effectiveness and its determinants at the Ministry of Communications (MOC) of Kuwait. The research model includes five constructs--system quality, information quality, service quality, user satisfaction, and impact on job performance. Ten hypotheses were formulated and tested. The findings substantiate the importance of systems quality, information quality, and service quality as determinants of IS effectiveness, as measured by user satisfaction and impact on job performance. These findings should serve as a foundation for future efforts aimed to improve IS effectiveness at MOC, and contribute to the growing literature on IS effectiveness in public institutions in developing countries.
Keywords: IS Effectiveness, Information Quality, System Quality, Service Quality, User Satisfaction, Individual Impact, Kuwait
- Presentation of the model for Readiness Assessment of ERP Implementation in Iranian Small and Medium Enterprises
by Babak Shirazi, Mahboobeh Mohammadkazem, Majid Aarabi
Abstract: In recent years, with the enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems production for small and medium enterprise (SMEs), the demand has increased due to ERP implementation in SMEs. These systems are one of the latest information technologies which can help SMEs to overcome their limitations. However, due to the limited resources in small and medium enterprises, if the implementation project is unsuccessful, the chance of surviving or re-achieving the previous status seems to be unlikely. Therefore, it is necessary to represent a model for assessing the readiness of SMEs which take into consideration the specific characteristics and critical success factors of the enterprises. A model that can identify the weaknesses of enterprises prior to the establishment of ERP system. So, this paper proposes a new framework based on INQA model for assessing the readiness of small and medium enterprises in Iran to perform the ERP Project. In this model, Organizational readiness is examined in five areas named, management, processes, employees, resources, and particular area for ERP. This strategy can be used to determine the current status of enterprise and identify necessary changes prior to system implementation.
Keywords: Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP); Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs); Enterprise Readiness assessment; Critical Success Factors (CSFs); Iranian National Quality Award Model (INQA).
- Approaching information system evaluation methodology and techniques: A comprehensive review
by Hayel Ababneh, Fayiz Shrafat, Dia Zeglat
Abstract: This paper advances our knowledge of information systems (IS) by drawing ideas and insights from IT/IS evaluation. The emergence and increasing pressure to invest in new IS architecture and infrastructures has become a high priority issue within organisations, and largely influenced by the need to deliver better value products and service through robust and responsive supply chains. With this in mind, business managers are seeking to use appropriate methods and techniques to appraise and justify the financial contribution of IS at strategic, operational and tactical levels. Thus, Comprehensive but understandable methodologies are needed to solve the complicated project justification problems arising from the complexity of new technologies. Notwithstanding, a wide body of literature has emerged that sheds light on various methods for evaluating the cost and benefits of IT/IS investment, ranging from simple to very complex techniques. This paper sets out to provide a review of this literature in order to lend insights into our understanding of the plethora of reported research in the literature that has propagated investment justification and benefits management models and frameworks. We show that the IT/IS evaluation literature contributes significantly to scholarship on the IS.
Keywords: Information system; IT/IS evaluation; IT/IS evaluation methodology; IT/IS evaluation techniques
- A Fuzzy expert system for response determining diagnosis and management movement impairments syndrome
by Fatemeh Mohammadi Amiri, Ameneh Khadivar, Alireza Dolatkhah
Abstract: Diagnosis is a very important aspect of medical care. Expert systems are developed to make the skills of specialists available for non-specialists. These systems simulate human thinking and performance and approach the performance of expert systems to the performance of a human expert. The purpose of this study is to develop a fuzzy expert system for diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders in elbow and shoulder. A fuzzy Delphi method is used to gather data related to symptoms and treatments. By knowledge acquisition, an expert system is developed. Components of the proposed system consist of a knowledge base, fuzzy inference engine, working memory, user interface and knowledge acquisition utilities. The developed system is able to diagnose 18 disorders of the elbow and the shoulder. To compare systemic diagnosis and expert diagnosis, SPSS software is used for statistical analysis. Because 26 out of 30 patients had a systemic diagnosis similar to the expert diagnosis, it can be concluded that 86.7% of systemic diagnoses are similar to expert diagnosis. In absence of experts, this intelligent application can provide reliable diagnosis and treatment. Application of intelligent and semi-intelligent systems such as expert systems can aid the users to make decisions.
Keywords: fuzzy expert system, diagnosis, fuzzy Delphi method, musculoskeletal disorders
- EXPLORING BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY CONTEXT USING THE MODIFIED UTAUT
by Boluwaji Akinnuwesi, Faith-Michael Uzoka, Gbenga Fashoto
Abstract: Biometric technology (BT) is a component of information security and person identification. Individual acceptance and adoption of BT is fundamental to successful implementation of BT by organizations. There has been a fairly moderate but improving pace of adoption of technology in developing countries. This study investigates factors affecting users intention to use BT in a developing country based on the modified version of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). Results show that simpler biometric methods (e.g. fingerprinting) have higher level of utilization than more complex ones (e.g. DNA). The intention to adopt biometrics is influenced by perceived ease of use, security, resource facilitating conditions, self-efficacy, and compatibility. Technology facilitating condition and awareness were found to exert some level of impact, while perceived usefulness, awareness, peer influence and complexity did not show any statistical influence on the intention to adopt BT.
Keywords: Biometrics, adoption, developing country, Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology, Decomposed Theory of Planned Behaviour
- Software as a Service (SaaS) Quality Factors Evaluation using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)
by Yudho Giri Sucahyo, Yan Yonathan Rotinsulu, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto, Devi Fitrianah, Kongkiti Phusavat
Abstract: The opportunity to broaden the marketing target by taking advantage of the emerging technology of cloud computing is encouraging the business provider in launching the Software as a Service (SaaS) as a service product for the consumers. However, the SaaS service provided sometimes is not running as smoothly as expected which may impact to the customers perception on the SaaS quality. The purposes of the research are to identify the SaaS quality factors and to utilize these factors in developing a framework to evaluate the SaaS service quality given by the SaaS Providers. The framework is developed using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and involving 10 respondents with 4-18 years experiences in SaaS field. The result of the process shows that there are 32 factors that influence the SaaS quality. These factors consist of 15 factors related to product, 10 factors related to process and 7 factors related to organisation. The highest priority of each group of factors are security factor for product group, quality control factor for process group and technically competent employees factor for organisation group. We also demonstrate the application of the SaaS service quality factors framework to evaluate the SaaS service quality in one of the SaaS based human resource management application vendor.
Keywords: Software as a Service; SaaS; Quality Factor; Service Quality; Cloud Computing; Analytic Hierarchy Process; AHP; Information Systems; Indonesia
- Consumer's attitude to receive and response to SMS advertising
by Mahdi Shadkam
Abstract: Mobile phone advertising has emerged as one of the fastest growing advertising mediums in recent times, and this rise is being led by Short Message Service (SMS) advertising. Despite the growing number of worldwide companies adopting SMS advertising, very little is understood about consumer reactions to this medium. In particular, little academic research has been conducted on consumers attitude to receive and response to SMS advertising messages. This research aims to bridge the gap between academic knowledge and advertising practice by testing some potential drivers of consumers attitude to receive SMS advertising as well as the relationships between the attitude to SMS advertising, intention to receive SMS advertising and behavioural responses to SMS advertising. The results from this study highlight the need for advertisers to design SMS advertisements carefully, containing information that is useful, contextually relevant and correctly targeted. In addition, marketers should focus on building relationships with customers and offer incentives to accept SMS advertising in order to improve negative behavioural responses.
Keywords: SMS advertising; Mobile marketing; M-commerce; Consumer behaviour.
- Evaluating Classification Accuracy: The Impact of Resampling and Data Set Size
by Jehad Imlawi, Mohammad Alsharo
Abstract: Correct prediction is important criterion in evaluating classifiers in supervised learning context. The accuracy rate is a widely accepted indicator of the probability of misclassification of a classifier. Nevertheless, true accuracy remains unknown in most cases since it is not always possible to include the whole population in a study, and it is difficult to calculate the probability distribution of the data. Therefore, researchers often rely on computing estimation from the available data through sampling. When the available data is small or limited, it is common to rely on a resampling technique for accuracy estimation.
In this paper, we study the impact of the resampling against non-resampling estimation method, with different data set sizes on the sample distribution variance. Initial results indicate that there is a significant difference in the variance of the sample distribution between resampling and non-resampling. We also found that the larger the data set size, the less significant the difference in variance.
Keywords: Resampling, Dataset Size, Classification Accuracy, Cross Validation, Distribution Variance.
- Investigating the Antecedents of Task-Technology Fit: A Field Study in Turkish Private Hospitals
by Tuba Bozaykut, Esra Kuyucu
Abstract: Turkey has faced an essential shift in healthcare services due to the establishment of healthcare information standards with a common database. We focus on assessing the progress made towards realizing the operation of new health informatics with aims to present an analysis of the compatibility of the new management systems with the tasks carried out by physicians. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of task, user and information management system (IMS) characteristics on users perceived task-technology fit (TTF). Adapting items from the literature, data were collected from six private hospital chains in Turkey and analysed for statistically significant relationships. The analyses indicated that task, technology, and user characteristics had effects on TTF. Technology characteristics were found to be the most effective variable in TTF at Turkish private hospitals.
Keywords: task-technology fit; IMS characteristics; task characteristics; user characteristics; private hospitals
- A Decision Process Model to Support Migration to Cloud Computing
by Adel Alkhalil, Reza Sahandi, David John
Abstract: Migration to cloud computing is a strategic organisational decision that can affect performance, productivity, growth, as well as increase competitiveness. The decision to migrate is usually complicated and dynamic due to the immaturity and the still evolving nature of the cloud environment. Although there have been many proposed methods for supporting the migration, no systematic decision process exists that clearly identifies the main steps and explicitly describes the tasks to be performed within each step. In this paper, a decision-making process model, based on a two-stage survey, is proposed. The model guides decision makers through a step-by-step approach, aiding them with their decisions for cloud migration. It offers a preliminary structure for developing a cloud knowledge-based decision support system. The model was evaluated by a group of cloud practitioners. The analysis demonstrates a high level of acceptance with regard to the structure, tasks involved and issues addressed by it.
Keywords: Information systems, cloud computing, cloud migration, decision-making process, cloud decision support, security, cloud knowledge-based system
- ASSESSING SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE: AN EXPLORATORY FRAMEWORK
by Elias George, Rashmi Jain
Abstract: In the current business environment, competitive forces are pushing companies to leverage value from their system architecting competency that supportsthe long-term growth of these companies. Inefficient system architectures become a baggage and constrain innovation and new system development using new technologies. A system
Keywords: Architecting, Architecture, Assessment, Attributes, Evaluation, Systems
- The Mediation Role of Supply Chain Integration in Relationship between Employee Commitment with Organizational performance
by Mohsen Hooshangi, Jamshid Salehi Sadaghiani, Matin Rashidi Astaneh, Zahra Amin Afshar
Abstract: The research main purpose is investigating the impact of supply chain integration on organizations commitment and performance. Based on it we perform an analyses direct and indirect impact of employee commitment on three dimensions of supply chain integration and organizations performance. The statistical population of this study is the buying managers of manufacturing companies in Qazvin province. 53questionnaires with multiple choice questions are the required samples which were distributed among sample individuals. The research is based on structural equation modeling, so the partial least squares method and Smart-PLS software were used. Empirical results revealed that employee commitment directly impact supplier, customer, internal integration and organizations performance too. On the other hand internal integration impact positively supplier and customer integration whereas impacts organizations performance and too. The results supported the positive impacts of customer integration on organization performance, but the relation between supplier integration and organization performance does not supported.
Keywords: Supplier Integration, Customer Integration, Internal Integration Employee Commitment, Organizational performance
- AHP Based Framework for Prioritizing Critical Success Factors to Achieve ERP Implementation Success
by Somnath Roy, Purnima S. Sangle
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to develop a hierarchical framework that encompasses the entities that affect the ERP Implementation process. An AHP model is developed with multiple levels. The levels comprise the primary factors (decomposed into themes and sub-factors), the actors involved, and finally their (actors') definition of success in terms of criteria and sub-criteria.
The paper provides a mechanism to identify the relative importance of the critical success factors, actors, and the success criteria and sub criteria. This mechanism enables the stakeholders to express their opinion on the various aspects of the ERP implementation in the setting of a group decision making process. Depending on the differences of the stakeholders responses from the organizational point of views, remedial action can be taken in a more focused manner.
Keywords: AHP, ERP Implementation Success, Critical success factors, Stakeholder perspectives, Enterprise resource planning, ERP Success criteria
- Comparing The Approaches of Small, Medium, and Large Organizations in Achieving IT and Business Alignment
by Muhammad Rifki Shihab, Ikhsan Rahardian
Abstract: This research aims to identify whether small, medium and large organizations employ different approaches in achieving IT and business alignment. The Strategic Alignment Maturity (SAM) model was utilized as the basis for evaluation. The respondents of this research were 107 different organizations representing small, medium and large businesses with diverse industry backgrounds ranging from those in creative industries to those in manufacturing, computing, and even telecommunication providers. Through six different ANOVA tests, this research has confirmed that organizations of different scales significantly differ in the way they approach alignment. Furthermore, this research looked deeper using multiple comparisons and analyzed whether the three organizational scales employ the SAM model dimensions and their attributes differently. The results were akin, in almost all cases, small and medium sized organizations shared the same approaches towards attaining alignment with each other, and differed when compared to the approaches of large organizations.
Keywords: IT Alignment, Alignment, Strategic Alignment Maturity Model, IT Governance, Small organizations, Medium organizations, SMEs, Large organizations, Anova.
- Investigating the Impact of Information Culture on the Adoption of Information System (IS) in Public Health Sector of Developing Countries.
by Dalbir Singh, Adnan Mukred, Nurhizam Safie
Abstract: Despite the importance of the information culture, little is known about the influence of information culture on the adoption of information systems (IS) among employees in public health sector of developing countries. This research explores the influence of information culture factors on employees behavioral intention to adopt IS. Information culture factors have been suggested as important predictors of IS adoption. Quantitative structured questionnaire was administered to 312 employees in public health sectors of Yemen. SPSS and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) were used for data analysis and evaluation of the research model. The findings revealed that self-efficacy, social influence, performance expectancy and perceived access significantly influence employees intention to adopt IS. However, perceived need, perceived information sharing, and effort expectancy influence attitude significantly which, in turn, influences their behavioral intention. In addition, perceived awareness negatively influences behavioral intention. Moreover, facilitating conditions and effort expectancy did not have any significant influence on employees behavioral intention.
Keywords: adoption, behavioral intention, developing countries, information system, information culture, public health sector, UTAUT model.
- The Use of UTAUT to Investigate the Adoption of E-Government in Jordan: A Cultural Perspective
by Ahmad Rabaa'i
Abstract: E-Government is believed to be vibrant in developing the public sectors around the globe, as it assures more accountability and transparency. Jordan, as a developing country, has developed a number of e-Government services. The success of e-Government services is dependent one both; the government support as well as citizens willingness to adopt those e-government initiatives. This study adopted a modified version of the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) to examine factors that determine the adoption of e-government services in Jordan. Also, the study aims to examine whether and how national culture has an impact on e-government adoption. A survey collected data from 1132 users of Jordans e-government services. Using partial least squares (PLS) of structural equation modelling (SEM) analysis technique, the results show that all the five factors, namely: Performance expectancy, Effort expectancy, Social influence, Facilitating conditions and Behavioural intention have significant effect on the adoption of e-government services in Jordan.
Keywords: Culture, e-Government, ICT adopting, Jordan, UTAUT.
- Prioritization of the solutions of Knowledge Management adoption in bank using FAHP
by Elahe Nadimi
Abstract: The aim of this study is to identify and prioritize the solutions of Knowledge Management (KM) adoption in Banks to overcome its barriers. It helps organizations to concentrate on high rank solutions and develop strategies to implement them on priority. This paper proposes a framework based on fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) to identify and rank the solutions of KM adoption in banks and overcome its barriers. In this paper, banks(private bank , semi private bank and state-owned bank) have been prioritized regarding the level, the solutions of knowledge management adoption sub-criteria and quintuplet solutions of Knowledge Management adoption scopes (strategic barriers, organizational barriers, cultural barriers , Technological barriers , and Individual barriers ). Results show that private bank, semi private bank, and state-owned bank are on the first, second and last priority, respectively. The results obtained from fuzzy AHP methods indicate that strategic barriers are on the first priority and organizational barriers, cultural barriers, technological barriers, and individual barriers are on the next priority. Then regarding to the strategic barriers scales, it is realized that lack of top management commitment towards KM adoption is most important. Regarding to the organizational barriers scales, it is realized that, lack of proper organizational structure to create and share knowledge is most important. Regarding to the technological barriers index, it is realized that, lack of technological infrastructure to adopt KM is most important. Regarding to the cultural barriers index it is realized that, lack of willingness and sharing spirit among members is most important. Regarding to the individual barriers index, it is realized that, lack of time to share knowledge is most important.
Keywords: knowledge, knowledge management, Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process
- Identifying the causal relationship between social media content of a Bollywood movie and its Box-office success - A text mining approach
by Biplab Bhattacharjee, Amulyashree Sridhar, Anirban Dutta
Abstract: Marketing strategies for movies have undergone a rapid metamorphosis over the years with the progress of new technological innovations and its associated impact on consumer behavior. The advent of social media has brought a rapid transformation in the dynamics of marketing for both the service-providers and the customers. Social media gives a two way interacting platform for users and service providers and such interactions generate voluminous textual content which has a cascading influence on public mind-space. This mammoth data can be a source for deriving new insights into the customer behavioral dynamics and can also act as a handy tool for revenue enhancement. This study is designed to understand whether the polarity of the social media content of a Bollywood movie can essentially reveal any insights about the potential box office revenues. In this study, the initial steps involved data collection from social media, followed by text mining to identify the sentiments about a movie. The relationship between the sentiments captured from social media and total revenue generated was explored in both pre-release and post-release scenarios. Based on the data extracted from post-release settings, a linear regression model was built. In the model, the box-office revenue was considered as dependent variable and sentimental-metrics were taken as independent variables. The model was further statistically validated using covariance and correlation analysis. Based on this model, the first week box-office collection was predicted for the pre-release movies. The model so constructed was able to forecast the box-office revenues correctly to a larger extent. Further, improvement of this model by the incorporation of additional metrics can boost its effectiveness as a robust predictive system.
Keywords: Social Media, Sentimental analysis, Bollywood, Box-office, Text analytics
- Keeping E-Business in Business: Identifying The New Perspective of Server Operating Systems
by Nijaz Bajgoric
Abstract: In today's e-business era system downtime equals to financial losses and going out-of-business. As modern business information systems are operated by enterprise servers, server operating systems that run them play crucial role in keeping application servers up and running. Therefore, considering server operating systems from business perspective and keeping them available 24x7x365 is critical for keeping e-business in business. The paper is aimed at identifying a business perspective of server operating systems as a core component of business information system infrastructures from business continuity perspective. A holistic framework of such a perspective is presented in the form of a conceptual model of server operating environment for continuous computing with major technology enablers. Model is supported by three cases and SWOT analysis.
Keywords: business information systems, e-business, server operating systems, business continuity, continuous computing
- A STITCH IN TIME SAVES NINE: THE ROLE OF MORAL JUDGMENT IN REDUCING INTERNET POLICY VIOLATIONS
by Matt Campbell, jordan shropshire, Antonis Stylianou
Abstract: Internet access has become ubiquitous in many organizations. While employees need this access to perform their duties, many studies report a large percentage of employees use their work Internet access in violation of organizational policies. These activities can result in reduced efficiency, increased vulnerability to cyber-attack, and legal liability. Although firms vary according to their acceptable personal internet use policies, they tend to provide generic usage guidelines which do not provide a clear basis for decision making. We argue that the decision to use company internet resources for personal use is largely a moral decision, a fact which has been previously overlooked in research and in practice. In this study, we create and test a predictive model which is framed using moral judgment. The model is confirmed using a survey of 787 knowledge workers. Our results suggest that organizations should incorporate moral guidelines in their acceptable internet use policies.
Keywords: internet policy violations, perceived moral intensity, technology abuse, personal internet usage at work, moral judgment, organizational behavior
- A Framework for Knowledge Sharing in ERP System Usage in Small and Medium Enterprises: A Preliminary Review
by Mohammad Bany Baker, Zawiyah Yusof
Abstract: Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system, a comprehensive integrated system, has been increasingly utilized in majority of organizations. Its success is noted in some organizations while in others, its failure is a topic for discussion. It is thus important to examine the way ERP system used in the context of organizations. Hence, knowledge sharing is key factor for success of ERP system usage. In this study, a framework of knowledge sharing for ERP system users in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is proposed. A thorough review of literature stresses on the factors that contribute to successful knowledge sharing. These are organizational, social capital, individual and IT-related factors. On the basis of such a review, the studys conceptual model was proposed comprising of four main constructs, which are organizational, social capital, individual and technological factors. It is recommended that future studies should conduct on the validity of the proposed conceptual model.
Keywords: Enterprise resource planning (ERP) system, Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), Knowledge sharing, Social capital, Individual, Organizational, Technological factors.
- Employee Performance Evaluation in Institute of Higher Education using Fuzzy AHP Methods
by Zahra Ghassabi
Abstract: Todays business executive is in a seemingly never ending search for employees who are not only high performing, but are also willing to remain and grow with the organization.( WRIGHT,2010).companies began to quantify , the most efficient method for performing each work task, piece-rate systems of compensation to maximize employee work effort, and the selection and training of employees based on a thorough investigation of their talents and skills) Ferris,2007). The main aim of this study was employees Performance evaluation at those Institutes of Higher Education. The model of the study is tested on a sample of 30 experts in Institute of Higher Education in Iran. The main instruments used for gathering the data in this study were Institute of Higher Education records and questionnaire. In this study, Personal qualities & strength , Management skills, Talent & aptitude sub-scales were ranked regarding to factor effective on Performance evaluation of employees including Personal qualities & strength , Management skills, Talent & aptitude by using Fuzzy hierarchical analysis (FAHP). The results obtained from fuzzy AHP methods indicate that Personal qualities & strength is more important than Management skills, Talent & aptitude. According to the Talent & aptitude factor, it is concluded that Subject knowledge is superior to other factors. According to Personal qualities & strength scale, it is concluded that Decisiveness are more important than other factors. According to Management skills scale, it is concluded that Time management are more important than other factors
Keywords: performance evaluation, Human resource practices, Organizational performance and Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process
- An Integrative Model for Realizing Benefits from Enterprise Resource Planning Implementation
by Shahin Dezdar
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of project factors, technology factors and organizational factors in realizing benefits from enterprise resource planning (ERP) system implementation. This study is the first to conceptualize an integrated relationship between ERP implementation benefits, ERP project factors, ERP system factors, and organizational factors in one model. The study was conducted using a survey questionnaire. The questionnaires were distributed to ERP users in Iranian organizations and in total, 384 responses were collected and analyzed. The study showed that there is a positive relationship between project management, team composition and competence, top management support, enterprise-wide communication, organizational culture, and user satisfaction with ERP implementation benefits. The study also indicated that ERP system quality, ERP vendor support, and user training and education had positive relationship with user satisfaction and ERP implementation benefits accordingly.
Keywords: Enterprise resource planning; ERP benefit; ERP implementation; User satisfaction, organizational culture; Developing countries; Iran
- To identify the Critical Success Factors for Cloud Computing Adoption by MCDM technique
by Rakesh Raut, Pragati Priyadarshinee, Manoj Jha, Manoj Kharat
Abstract: SMEs play a very vital role in each market by significantly contributing to each countrys Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and its labour market. Therefore proposing new strategies or developing new systems that can help SMEs become more efficient and productive is not only beneficial for SMEs but also for the economy of a Country as a whole. The decision about the selection of Cloud Computing adoption is crucial for every manufacturing company. However, the selection on an appropriate system may prove difficult, especially for small and medium manufacturing enterprises which may not have sufficient resources (money and personnel) to properly implement the system. This study aims to provide a systematic approach towards the cloud computing adoption, in which Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) are proposed. In this paper, Analytic Hierarchy Process is applied to find the importance degree of each criterion as the measurable indices of the cloud computing adoption. This study considers nine (9) criteria with fifty one (51) sub-criteria, which has somewhat already been used, and establishes a ranking model that provides decision makers to assessing the prior implementation of cloud computing adoption.
Keywords: Cloud computing, adoption, MCDM, AHP, SEMs.
- E-Governance diffusion in the telecenters of Karnataka A gender analysis
by Lakshmi Shankar Iyer, Subba Rao
Abstract: E-Governance is the interaction between a government and its citizens to deliver services in an efficient manner by means of information technology and telecommunication. The current study takes into account three aspects namely - economical, governance and services that impact the e-Governance diffusion in the telecenters set up at the hobli level of Karnataka state. A framework is created with these aspects and validated through the present study. The study explores whether gender differentials exist in the e-Governance diffusion process. The research adds up to the literature in establishing that gender differentials disappear when the e-Governance is in the stage of maturity. One way ANOVA is used to identify the gender differentials in e-Governance diffusion through the NadaKacheri centres of Karnataka. The study proposes policy changes by the Government to render better services and governance to the citizens.
Keywords: e-Governance diffusion, telecenters, Gender and e-Governance, citizen services, citizen benefit certificates, gender differentials, NadaKacheri centers, hoblis, Atalji JanaSnehi Kendras, transparency, governance, e-Governance, accountability
- Social Capital, Social Media, and TV Ratings
by Chong Oh, Stephanie Yergeau
Abstract: Motivated by the increasing role of social media in relating to economic outcomes, this paper examines the relationship between social networking sites (SNS) and television ratings drawing from the social capital theoretical framework of bonding and bridging. Based on the context of U.S. network television (TV) programmes, we collected measures for Facebook likes and Facebook talk for thirty-eight TV programmes and their respective Nielsen ratings over a period of five weeks, resulting in a sample size of 165 weekly observations. In testing OLS Regression models, we determined that key social media measures, proxy for social capital, are positively associated with performance ratings. In essence, TV programs with a higher number of Facebook likes (bridging) and Facebook talk (bonding) are likely to relate to higher performance ratings. In addition we conclude that weak ties (bridging) are important as a conduit to connect fans to TV shows but in the long run, strong ties (bonding) are needed to reinforce those relationships towards fan loyalty. Contributions to both research and practice are discussed.
Keywords: business intelligence; social capital; bridging; bonding; structural holes; closure; social media; social media analytics; social networking
- USING AHP METHOD TO EVALUATE E-PAYMENT SYSTEM FACTORS INFLUENCING MOBILE BANKING USE IN IRANIAN BANKS
by Mohammad Osmani, Khaled Moradi, Rozan MZA
Abstract: Understanding the key factors influencing the use of mobile banking is vital for banking customers and managers. E-Payment systems play a key role in online banking. Nowadays, it has become more common to absorb new customers in order to use the mobile banking. However, in the mobile banking technology, the electronic payment systems need to be assessed from different viewpoints to boost the performance of these systems. Therefore, in this research, a multi-criteria decision making model (MCDM) is developed comprising the key factors that impact the mobile banking usage in the Iranian banks. From the literature, we developed a research model including 4 main criteria and 22 sub-criteria. For collecting data, 12 experts that had enough experience in working with online banking systems were requested to participate in the online survey. AHP as the multi-criteria decision making method is used for ranking the criteria and sub criteria to incorporate the research model. The obtained data were analyzed by using Expert Choice software. The pairwise comparisons results revealed that rom the main criteria, the most important factor that influence the use of Iranian mobile banking was the security infrastructure (with weight 0.375). Additionally, as the sub criteria, authorization in legal infrastructure, trust in socio-economical infrastructure, security in security infrastructure, and flexibility in technical infrastructure had high priority (with weights 0.538, 0.370, 0.297, and 0.199 respectively).
Keywords: Analytical Hierarchy Process; AHP; Online banking; Mobile banking; Critical factor; Electronic Payment System; Iranian banks.
- Fine-grained opinion mining of product review using sentiment and semantic orientation
by Gaurav Dubey, Ajay Rana, Jayanthi Ranjan
Abstract: The reviews or feedback about the product or service has become quite significant in marketing, promoting or improvising the product or service. Since, the e-commerce or purchasing online products has become trend these days. The availability of product reviews is online and in the form of text. But these reviews are very much in the unstructured form which does not help either the new consumer or the organization to take up any decision further. In this paper, we have proposed an approach based on opinion mining and sentiment analysis. We have explored the sentiment orientation and sentiment classification to evaluate the customers review. The reviews of various mobiles were converted from unstructured to structure to extract the summarized knowledge from online reviews. The 1000 number of user reviews were explored and the empirical results found that the sentiment orientation and classification provides the effective methods for better decision making and benchmarking.
Keywords: Online Reviews, Semantic Orientation, Opinion Mining
- Graphical Business Process Modelling Standards, Techniques and Languages A Literature Review
by Youseef Alotaibi
Abstract: Literature shows that there are many graphical business Process Model (PM) tools, techniques and standards. However, choosing the right tools and techniques with which to model BPs is very complicated as there are not as many guidelines to describe the concepts involved. Thus, the modellers should know the purpose of their model in order to select the right techniques and tools. Categorizing the different graphical business PM techniques, tools and standards into different groups with the same functions and characteristics can make logical sense of them. In this paper, we have categorized the existing graphical business PM techniques and tools into two groups: graphical standard at enterprise level and at process level, and have provided a comprehensive analysis on the existing graphical business PM techniques and tools. Our proposed literature review can help in enhancing manufacturing practice as it provides a right picture for the business analysts and modellers regarding what are the most satiable techniques for their cases and requirement. Thus, the manufacturing and companies process time, cost and performance can be enhanced and improved their revenue.
Keywords: Business Process Management (BPM); Business Process Modelling (PM); Business Process (BP); Enterprise Model; Graphical Standard; Literature Review; Process Model
- Behaviour approach for composite OWL-S services discovery
by Maamar Khater
Abstract: Service discovery is the process of retrieving the service most similar to the query based on the description of functional and/or non-functional semantics. The matchmaking based only on service profile (inputs/outputs) is not sufficient in the case of composite services. to overcome profile matching limitations, we propose an approach based subgraph isomorphism to check the matching of process structure between two OWL-S process models of composite services and shortest path (OWLS-SP) to compute the score of matching between nodes of service and query (atomic services).
Keywords: Composite web services, OWL-S, matchmaking, subgraph isomorphism, shortest path, information systems.
- Impact of Employees Participation in Communities of Practice (CoP) on Individual, Community, and Organizational Performance: A Case Study at PT PLN (Persero) Distribusi Jakarta Raya and Tangerang
by Devi Fitrianah, Samuel Rizal Harahap, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto, Dina Chahyati, Kongkiti Phusavat
Abstract: This research aims to evaluate the impact of CoP participation for individual, community, and organization performance, and to find the types of participation providing most benefits to PT PLN (Persero) Distribusi Jakarta Raya and Tangerang. The data were collected by sending questionnaires to the employees in 10 company areas, which resulted as much 238 copies. The collected data were processed with Partial Least Square (PLS). The result of this research showed that CoP proved to provide benefits for individuals and to the community as well as the organization indirectly. Moreover, types of participation that provides most benefits to performance are work barrier discussion, followed by success story discussion. However, career development discussion has not been proven to give benefit to organization.
Keywords: Communities of Practice; CoP; type of participation; individual performance; community performance; organizational performance; knowledge management; knowledge management systems; knowledge sharing; Partial Least Square (PLS); Indonesia
- Assessing the relationships among information systems integration, coordination cost improvements, and firm profitability
by Adam Maiga
Abstract: This paper used a survey questionnaire approach to obtain results about the roles of bonding cost improvement, internal monitoring cost improvement and external transaction cost improvement in mediating the impacts of internal and external information systems (IS) integration on firm profitability. Results indicate that internal IS integration is significantly associated with external IS integration. Both bonding and internal monitoring cost improvements are significantly impacted by internal IS integration, while external transaction cost improvement is impacted by external IS integration. All three cost improvements are significantly associated with firm profitability. The effect of internal IS integration on firm profitability is mediated through both bonding and internal monitoring cost improvements. Similarly, the effect of external IS integration on firm profitability is mediated through external transaction cost improvement. Furthermore, the link between internal IS integration and profitability is mediated through external IS integration and external transaction cost improvement.
Keywords: Information systems integration, internal coordination costs, external coordination costs, profitability
- The Evolution of the Business-IT Strategic Alignment Process: Key Insights and Emergent Views from a 40-year Period (1975-2014)
by Manuel Mora, Fen Wang, Mahesh Raisinghani
Abstract: The process of Business-Information Technology Strategic Alignment (BITSA) has been consistently ranked as a top priority by Chief Information Officers (CIOs). For over three decades, a vast amount of conceptual and empirical research on BITSA has been conducted. Main outcomes of BITSA research include constructs on the BITSA process, frameworks for understanding its main components, models for predicting its successful occurrence, and methods for guiding toward a successful BITSA process. However, the BITSA literature can appear as contrasted and fragmented for researchers, and copious and ambiguous for CIOs given the multiple views and recommendations for achieving the BITSA objectives. Thus, in this paper we conduct a selective yet intensive literature review on the BITSA process with the aim to provide a summary of core concepts, an evolution model, and an account of theoretical and practical implications. Through this literature review, a four-stage evolution model of BITSA emerges and an updated view of the BITSA process as a complex adaptive system is supported.
Keywords: Business-IT Strategic Alignment (BITSA) process, IT Strategy, Business Strategy, IT Strategic Planning, Complex Adaptive System (CAS), Chief Information Officer, CIO
- Barriers and Benefits of Using Social Networking Sites versus Face-to-Face Meetings for Sharing Knowledge in Professional Societies
by Kamla Ali Al-Busaidi, Gillian Ragsdell, Ray Dawson
Abstract: Abstract. This study aims to assess the benefits and barriers of social networking sites (SNS) for sharing knowledge in professional societies, compared to face-to-face meetings (F2F). SNS can be a valuable technology for non-profit organizations. Studies have investigated the barriers and benefits of knowledge sharing in firm-based communities of practice (CoP) or virtual CoP, but not much is known about professional societies use of public SNS for knowledge sharing. Based on two rounds of a Delphi study, the results revealed the benefits and barriers of F2F meetings compared to the benefits and barriers of SNS for sharing knowledge in professional societies.
Keywords: Keywords: knowledge sharing; professional societies; social networking sites; SNS, face2face meeting; delphi study; knowledge management; knowledge; social media; social networking; knowledge sharing benefits; knowledge sharing challenges.
- Testing and Validating the ERP Success Evaluation Model for Higher Education Institutes of Pakistan
by Sehrish Nizamani, Khalil Khoumbati, Imdad Ismaili, Saad Nizamani, Sarwat Nizamani, Nazish Basir
Abstract: Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan has taken profound measures to bring significant improvement in public sector universities of Pakistan. HEC signed an agreement with Oracle PeopleSoft to equip public sector universities of Pakistan with high-tech Information Technology (IT) solutions. To this end, HEC initially implemented Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) campus management system in seven universities of Pakistan as a pilot project. Since then, it has been considered as an important shift from standalone legacy systems to campus-wide integrated ERP system. However, there is void in literature to evaluate ERP implementation in various public and private sector universities of Pakistan. This research formulates a conceptual model for ERP success factors based on strong background theories to effectively evaluate the success of ERP system implementation in public and private universities of Pakistan. A questionnaire based on online survey approach was used to collect data from 323 respondents from various universities of Pakistan. The respondents were active users of ERP. Findings of the paper result in a refined model for analyzing success of ERP implementation in various universities of Pakistan. By employing this model, the paper also reports on the success and failure of ERP implementation at several universities in Pakistan. Finally, the undertaken study implies that its findings may substantially add regarding the future decisions of ERP implementations.
Keywords: Enterprise Resource Planning, ERP, Oracle PeopleSoft, Campus Management Solutions, CMS, Higher Education Institution, HEIs, Pakistan
- Assessing the impact of Information Technology excellence on firm profitability and market value in emerging economies: A study from India
by Bharat Arora, Zillur Rahman
Abstract: Investments in information technology (IT) form a substantial portion of capital expenditure of firms, and organizations are constantly looking for ways in which IT can be used to attain sustained profitability. However, there is scarcity of empirical studies that have examined whether IT can provide sustained competitive advantage to firms in major emerging economies such as India. This study seeks to empirically test whether superior IT capability can provide sustained profitability to multinational corporations and domestic firms in India. To this end, the financial performance of 94 firms from 15 different industry sectors has been analysed to determine whether superior IT capability of these firms led to improved profitability. Our results show that superior IT capability does not provide competitive advantage to firms operating in India. Another important finding of this research is that in recent years stock markets have given higher valuation to firms with superior IT capability despite the fact that superior IT capability is not associated with improved profitability. This finding has direct implication for investors and financial analysts who still perceive that IT capability can provide higher profitability to firms.
Keywords: Information Technology; Competitive advantage; IT investments; Emerging markets; India; Business value of IT.
- INTERNET FINANCIAL REPORTING: USER PERCEPTION IN INDONESIA
by Luciana Spica Almilia, Sasongko Budisusetyo
Abstract: The objective of this research is to conduct a survey of the users of financial information through the company's website related to the kind of information the user needs information website company (include: investors, stock analysts, public accountant). This research is not to test hypotheses, but rather on how the company's website information the user needs, ie: investors, stock analysis, public accountant, lecturer and researcher in the field of Accounting.rnThe study explores the user perception in terms of the company's website: (1) websites frequently visited and trusted, (2) the purpose of visiting the company's website, (3) the information provided in the company's website, (4) the company's important information needed by the user, (5) assessment of the company's website, (6) reporting of financial information over the Internet can replace the financial statements are printed on paper, and (7) the standardization of financial information on the Internet. Respondents in this study were 73 respondents, but 7 are not complete in filling out the survey research. Total respondents that can be analyzed are 67 respondents.rnThe results of this study show that: (1) users of financial information companies very rarely visit the company's website and more frequently visit and trust the stock exchange website, (2) a company's financial report key information sought by users of the company's website, (3) financial statements users can obtain the necessary financial information on the company website, (4) the company is not optimally utilize the company's website as a media to disseminate information to the user company information, (5) the required financial reporting by the user is printed financial information.rn
Keywords: internet financial reporting, companyâ€™s website, financial information, internet, technology
- Social Media Marketing: Literature Review and Future Research Directions
by Mayank Yadav, Zillur Rahman
Abstract: In a decade's time, the social media has not only brought about drastic changes in the mode of communication but has also become an important marketing tool, making it an area of eminent interest for the academicians as well as the industrialists. This study provides a taxonomic classification of the social media research articles published in the marketing journals listed on the website of the Academy of Marketing Science, from 2004 to March 2015. In addition to it a framework depicting various antecedents, mediators, moderators and consequences has been developed. This is presumably the first exhaustive review of the literature on the social media for the period 2004-March 2015, comprising both classification of the literature and various constructs adopted in the social media research. It contributes to the existing body of literature by providing more comprehensive knowledge of the trends in, and the cause-and-effect relationship between the constructs used in the social media research.
Keywords: social media; social media marketing; user generated content; literature review.
- Holistic Procedures for Contemporary Formative Construct Validation using PLS: A Comprehensive Example
by Ahmad A. Rabaa'i
Abstract: Sound advice from knowledgeable methodologists synthesized from the literature, has yielded herein a complete and readily useable set of guidelines for best-practice contemporary formative construct validation using partial least squares (PLS). Procedures are logically organized around indicator level and construct level validation. Indicator level validation is concerned that each indicator contributes to the formative construct by carrying the intended meaning. Tests advocated are in attention to: (i) potential multicollinearity, (ii) formative indicator weights, (iii) formative indicator loadings, and (iv) formative indicator criterion validity. These procedures are advocated at all formative levels of the focal construct, thus guidelines presented are sufficient whether validating formative constructs that are multidimensional (multiple levels) or unidimensional (single level). Construct level validation includes tests of: (i) nomological validity, and (ii) external validity. Assessing nomological validity involves evaluating the extent to which the formative construct behaves as expected within its network of hypotheses. Testing the external validity of a formative model entails assessing the extent to which the formative indicators in combination capture the full domain of the construct.
Keywords: Information Systems Evaluation, IS-Impact, Formative Construct Validation, PLS, SEM
- An empirical investigation of online review diagnosticity
by Amar Raju.G, Dennis Joseph
Abstract: Online reviews have become an essential tool for evaluating products and services with the exponential growth of online shopping. Marketers are also using online product reviews as important promotional tools that motivate the consumers to buy. Websites that provide better information in the form of online reviews will eventually attract more consumers. In this context, it is important to improve the perceived diagnosticity of online reviews. Present empirical study aims to investigate whether argument quality and source credibility of information in online reviews affect the review website diagnosticity. The study also investigates whether this perceived diagnosticity in turn affects consumers attitude towards the website and revisit intention.
Keywords: Electronic word of mouth communication, product reviews, online reviews, argument quality, source credibility, diagnosticity.
- ARE ENTERPRISES READY FOR BIG DATA ANALYTICS? A SURVEY BASED APPROACH
by Habib Ullah Khan, Vitor Fabian Brock
Abstract: Big data analytics is a fascinating topic in the field of computer science and information systems as it challenges fundamental aspects of computation. Big data analytics also challenges technology adoption theories as it dramatically changes the way organisations and people manage large quantities of information. The aim of this study is to investigate the acceptance and usage of big data analytics in enterprises, and to understand how end-users perceptions and organisational factors influence the implementation of big data projects. This study unfolds in two objectives. The first objective is to examine the concepts and elements of big data and big data analytics. Big data analytics is not a single off-the-shelf product, or a one size fits all solution but high-volume, high-velocity, and high-variety information assets that exceed the capabilities of traditional storage infrastructure, computing environment, database systems and human resources. There are benefits in all industries apart from the data driven organisations. The second objective is to propose and empirically validate an extensive model of technology acceptance incorporating individual perceptions and organisational elements. The proposed research model expands the traditional technology acceptance model (TAM) by incorporating the dimensions of organisational learning capabilities (OLC). This study surveyed 359 information technology professionals from 83 countries in various industries who are studying at the University of Liverpool Online. This study provides relevant academic and practical insight as it integrates two technology adoption frameworks to explain the adoption of big data analytics.
Keywords: Technology Acceptance Model (TAM); Organizational Learning Capabilities (OLD); Big Data; Exabyte.
- Privacy-Preserving Item-based Recommendations over Partitioned Data with Overlaps
by Ibrahim Yakut, Jaideep Vaidya
Abstract: User ratings are vital elements to drive recommender systems and, in the case of an insufficient amount of ratings, companies may prefer to operate recommender services over partitioned data. To make this feasible, there are privacy-preserving schemes. However, such solutions currently have not comprehensively investigated probable rating overlaps among partitioned data. Such overlaps make collaboration over partitioned data more challenging, especially if overlapped values are divergent. In this study, we examine this privacy-preserving recommender problem and propose novel schemes in this sense. By means of our schemes, two parties can perform item-based collaborative filtering over partitioned data with divergent overlaps. We also show that the proposed solutions promote prediction quality with tolerable overheads.
Keywords: Collaborative filtering; privacy; arbitrary partitioning; rating overlaps
- Differences in Information System for Exploratory and Exploitative processes of Innovation and UDR/USR type of Innovators
by Vinay Singh, RRK Sharma
Abstract: Literature on innovation suggests that innovative business units seem to be information intensive and ambidextrous in nature. Some business units carry out exploratory and exploitative processes under different roof (UDR) and others under same roof (USR). To establishing the balance between exploration and exploitation in Innovators, Information System (IS) plays important role to share the information accurately, timely, effectively and efficiently. Present study explores three aspects: (1) differences in focus (clear v/s unclear orientation) of Information System in UDR and USR type of innovative business units; (2) difference in characteristics of IS facilitating exploratory activities v/s exploitative activities considering (i) type of information being used (ii) its flexibility and; (iii) business processes characteristics as mapped on IS. The study framework is set in the form of nine hypotheses and verified through primary data obtained from 31 Innovators (15 UDR and 16 USR types) through structured questionnaire. Majority of the hypotheses are supported from the data. The study attracts new researchers to enhance flexibility dimensions of IS to cope-up with the rigor of innovation activities and fragile innovation process.
Keywords: UDR and USR type of Innovators, dimensions of IS, Exploration/Exploitation processes, Linkage of Information System and Innovation
- E-Commerce market trends: A case study in leveraging Web 2.0 technologies to gain and improve competitive advantage
by Ching Chieh Kiu, Chien Sing Lee
Abstract: The emergence of Web 2.0 technologies have changed the way e-commerce can be sustained and improved to enhance competitive advantage. Integrating Web 2.0 technologies into e-commerce websites not only improves customer shopping experience but also enhances customer engagement. These evolutions in organizational and technological development require categorization in order to be understood holistically and consequently, to be exploited fully. This paper evaluates the adoption of Web 2.0 technologies in Malaysian E-commerce. The paper also examines Malaysian E-Commerce engagement on Web 2.0 technology platforms to improve customer shopping experience and customer engagement at their online retail store. Findings on Web 2.0 technologies usage in 10 top e-commerce websites in Malaysia shows that most of the e-commerce websites have substantially integrated Web 2.0 technologies in their online retail store to gain and improve their competitive advantage. Furthermore, increased frequency of engagement in social mediums such as Facebook increases impact in terms of effect on customer shopping experience and customer engagement at online retail stores. In summary, Web 2.0 technologies influence changes in customer purchase behavior, shopping experience and ultimately, the dramatic change in top 10 ranking in the Malaysian e-commerce landscape.
Keywords: Competitive Advantage, E-Commerce, Online Shopping, Web 2.0 Technologies, Malaysia
- A Semantic Sense-and-Respond Approach to Managing IT-enabled Buyer-Supplier Relationships: An Action Research Study
by Mala Kaul, Jing Betty Feng, Lars Mathiassen
Abstract: As a reflection of the strategic importance of buyer-supplier relationships in supply chains, information sharing and knowledge exchange have been found to positively impact coordination, transparency, and perception of trust between buyers and sellers. However, our knowledge about IT as an enabler in buyer-seller relationships is limited. Against this backdrop, we examine how a large retailer, BuildSmart, adapted and leveraged a portal to help listen to the voice of their suppliers. Through a collaborative action research project, we developed a semantic sense-and respond approach to design and implement mechanisms that allowed BuildSmart to continuously sense how suppliers experienced their portal and how to generally improve their supplier relationships. As a result, we present a conceptual model for managing IT-enabled buyer-supplier relationships and demonstrate how conceptual modeling can be combined with sense-and-respond thinking to support IT-enabled process management.
Keywords: Buyer-Supplier Relationships; Supplier Portal; Sense-and-respond; Conceptual Modeling; Collaborative Action Research
- A New Architecture Of Cloud Computing To Enhance The Load Balancing
by Ashraf Aljammal
Abstract: One of the emerging trends in IT environment is the cloud computing with various requirements and huge resources. Therefore, efficient load balancing guarantees an efficient resource utilization to cope with the increasing users demands. Consequently, this paper proposes a new architecture in cloud environment for load balancing. The proposed architecture taking advantage of the clients machines resources for distributing the cloud tasks among the clients machines rather than relying only on datacenters. The proposed architecture has been implemented using the cloudAnalyst simulator. The simulation results show an efficient load balancing through minimizing the computational load on the cloud servers and hence, improve the overall cloud performance compared to the traditional architectures.
Keywords: Cloud computing; load balancing; new load balancing architecture
- A process model of business process model reuse
by Selim Erol
Abstract: Business process modeling and documentation can be regarded a common practice among todays large and mid-size organizations. As a consequence many organizations maintain a large body of business process documentation. Along with process documentations usually also a large number of process model artifacts are maintained in repositories or process portals to consolidate and share process knowledge among stakeholders of a process. Both from the perspective of process modeling efficiency and the perspective of process model consistency it is highly desirable to encourage the reuse of process models or at least parts or elements of existing process models. In this paper a process model for process model reuse is proposed and subsequently used to derive a set of meta-requirements for respective software support. To show the applicability of the requirements it has been applied to three state-of-the-art process modeling environments.
Keywords: Business Process Modeling; Business Process Management; Process Model Reuse.
- Analysis of Big Data Vendors for SMEs
by Pedro Neves, Jorge Bernardino
Abstract: Big Data is a cutting-edge research topic among both academic and business areas that aims to provide ways to store and process massive volumes of data. The paradigm became an ever-increasing business as some companies focus on providing Big Data platforms and analytical tools to extract information from available data. Such features are in accordance with the interests of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), since it allows them to implement sophisticated decision support systems in order to gain competitive advantage over their opponents. Hiring a service from a Big Data vendor allows SMEs to avoid the initial investment and focus mainly on their business needs. However, choosing a vendor is not an easy task and the lack of understanding over Big Data technology is very high, especially among SMEs. Therefore, this paper provides insights over Big Data, discusses the functionalities of 9 major Big Data vendors - Amazon AWS, Cloudera, Hortonworks, IBM, Intel, MapR, Microsoft, Pivotal and Teradata - and presents the best solutions regarding current offering, strategy and market presence of each of the vendors.
Keywords: Big Data for SMEs, Big Data vendors, Big Data platforms.
- Collaborative Education in a Virtual Learning Environment
by Hani Bani-Salameh
Abstract: For the last few decades, there was tremendous interest in harnessing 3D virtual environments for education and training. Multi-user game-like environments make use of non-player characters and quest activities in tutoring and training. This approach incorporates successful active learning and incremental progress. This article presents issues encountered while adapting the multi-user online game genre for educational virtual environments. In this endeavour, non-player characters play a central role in organizing and delivering educational content. Educational virtual environments call for additional kinds of extension beyond generic user content creation as delivered in some virtual worlds like SecondLife.
Support for these environments will emphasize the creation of new activities. A set of libraries and techniques named Portable Non-player character tutors and Quests reduces the effort needed to develop and integrate educational non-player characters. These non-player characters are introduced in CVE, a platform for rapidly developing educational virtual environments. The Portable Non-player character tutors and Quests framework enables formatted web-based exercises, quizzes, and educational content to be incorporated into virtual worlds, reducing the effort needed to create new content. The framework presented in this article introduces initial non-player characters that supports educational quest activities to the 3D environments users.
Keywords: Virtual World; Collaborative Virtual Environment (CVE); NPCs;rnEducational Quests; MMO.
- IDENTIFICATION OF CRITICAL BARRIERS IN CLOUD COMPUTING ADOPTION BY ENTERPRISES USING SYSTEMATIC REVIEW METHODOLOGY
by Abdulrahman Altalhi, Saleh Alshomrani, Shahzad Qamar, Shehram Akram
Abstract: Cloud computing has been an area of intense interest recently because of its unrivaled advantages to the computing world however businesses are still skeptical of using it because of the different issues that come with it. While there are many factors that can be stumbling blocks for enterprises to use cloud computing, we targeted the factors that hinder the businesses to use the cloud. We conducted a systematic literature review (SLR) in order to come up with a comprehensive answer to our research question. During the process of conducing our SLR we targeted five major and reputable databases to dig for relevant literature. The studies selection and data extraction process was based on a well-documented protocol. Our results extracted were specifically in relevance to our research question. The results (factors/barriers) went through different data visualization techniques to identify different metrics and patterns such as the most/least influential barriers, research diversity, publication pattern, research by year etc. Our results extracted clearly identified the areas and domains, which requires further attention, and the areas that have been well researched. The SLR, we conducted, will help researchers identify gaps in current research for future research on issues that discourage and stop enterprises from using the cloud.
Keywords: Cloud Computing, SLR, Enterprises
- Social Commerce Adoption Research from the Consumer Context: A Literature Review
by Salma S. Abed, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Mike Williams
Abstract: This study examined the adoption of social commerce from the consumer perspective of information technology innovations. An overview of the concept of innovation adoption and social media definitions and functions are presented as well as the concepts of social commerce; these are identified to offer some background. Furthermore, previous researches investigating social commerce are highlighted and the empirical research investigating social commerce adoption utilising IS theories are described in detail. Finally, the discussion, research gaps and future lines of research are highlighted.
Keywords: E-commerce; Social Media; Social Commerce; Consumer
- The Determinants of Internet Financial Reporting (IFR) in Jordan: Financial versus Corporate Governance
by Mohammed Yassin
Abstract: The Internet has become widely used as a channel to disseminate financial information by Jordanian listed companies in response to the cross-listing agreement among the Amman Stock Exchange (ASE), Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange (ADX) and Dubai Financial Market (DFM). This study aimed to investigate the determinants of Internet financial reporting (IFR). The results should help policy makers and regulators in building a framework for mandating IFR. An IFR index was developed to measure the level of each firms information content and format disclosures. IFR determinants were divided into financial characteristics and corporate governance mechanisms. The analysis determined that firms that are larger, profitable, and more leveraged, with a separation between chairperson and CEO positions, with larger board size numbers, and with fewer independent non-executive directors are more likely to engage in IFR. By extending the analysis using OLS and 2SLS regression, the findings suggest that IFR was predicted using size, liquidity, leverage, market-to-book ratio, chairperson/CEO separation, independent non-executive directors, board size, and shareholder number. Corporate governance mechanisms can predict IFR and its components, content and format more accurately than firms financial characteristics.
Keywords: Internet Financial Reporting; Voluntary Disclosure; Corporate Governance; Jordan
- Adoption of Self Service Banking Channels The Case of Mobile Banking in India
by Kalaiarasi H., Lakshmi P.
Abstract: Mobile banking is an innovative, technology based, cost efficient, expedient and time saving, self-service channel for banking customers as compared to conventional branch banking. Though India has a strong potential for mobile banking usage, it is observed that only 5% of mobile subscribers are registered users of mobile banking,which is very low as compared to other developed countries. This study explores the aspects that affect an individuals intention to adopt mobile banking services in India. Perceived risk is a critical factor that can influence adopting or continuing with any new technology. Hence a modified model of Brown et al., (2003) that merges risk rnperception with the features proposed by decomposed theory of planned behaviour, Diffusion of Innovation theory is developed and tested in the Indian context. The results reveal that adoption of mobile banking by Indian customers is affected by lack of security and privacy, whereas innovation features such as relative advantage, compatibility, trialability, self-efficacy and technology support positively influence mobile banking adoption. rn
Keywords: Innovation; Financial service; E-banking; mobile banking; India
- An Influence of Human Emotion Expressed through Social Networks in Viral Marketing
by Anthoniraj Amalanathan, S Margret Anouncia
Abstract: Social networking is a multidimensional content and knowledge-sharing on-line communication media. Presently, the social network influences users' activities, such as identity creation, sharing, conversation, relationship establishment, presence indication, group participation, and reputation. In a way, these activities do reflect an individual's behaviour. As social networks allow any on-line content to be shared, it is possible to utilize this channel to employ in marketing effectively. As of now, the major challenge of social marketing is selecting and understanding the target audience to develop campaigning strategies. One way to understand users is to know the emotions they express when communicate content through social networking. This paper attempts to study the nine basic human emotions and their significance in various social network activities to determine the right strategies of marketing. A suitable marketing strategy and tools to attract users can be developed in e-Business with the help of extracted information.
Keywords: Social Network; Emotions; User Behaviour; Personalization; Viral Marketing.
- Similarity upper approximation based clustering for recommendation system
by Rajhans Mishra, Pradeep Kumar
Abstract: Web has evolved enormously in the past few years resulting in a rapid increase in the number of web users and web pages. Web personalization has become a challenging task for e-commerce based companies due to information overload on the web and increase in the number of web users. Recommendation systems generate recommendations to users for various products as per their requirements. Recommendation systems have been widely used in e-commerce websites and have become an integral part of the e-commerce business process. Developers try to customize web sites to suit the needs of specific users utilizing the knowledge acquired from users navigational behavior.
The current study focuses on development of a framework for a web recommendation system on the basis of sequential information present in web logs. Rough set based clustering using similarity upper approximation has been utilized to generate soft clusters to capture the multiple interests of users. The proposed recommendation system can predict the next possible page visit of the user based on the sequential information present in their navigation pattern.
Keywords: Web recommendation system, Rough Sets; Clustering; Web data
- The customers perception of Mobile Banking adoption in Chennai city. An empirical assessment of an Extended Technology Acceptance Model
by Kumar G, Shenbagaraman V
Abstract: To improve bank performance and customer satisfaction strong technology based services are important for banks. The mobile phones especially the smart phones are becoming most important channel for banking due to easy accessibility. The expanded use of smart phones has increased demand for mobile banking services and is like to have significant effects on banking experience. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors influencing the adoption of mobile banking services in Chennai.The secondary data were used for providing the theoretical background of the research problem. The secondary data includes journal articles , reference books and web contents. The primary data collected by the researcher through the questionnaire. The survey was conducted in Chennai city. The research model includes six constructs Perceived Ease of Use, Perceived Usefulness, Relative Advantage, Quality of System, Personal Innovativeness, Self Efficiency each of which measured with the item Intension to use mobile banking. The construct were taken from the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), Innovation Diffusion Theory (IDT) ,Theory of Planned Behaviour(TPB),Extended Technology Acceptance model. Data analysis result that the constructs Perceived Ease of Use, Perceived Usefulness, Relative Advantage, Quality of System, Personal Innovativeness, and Self Efficiency have a direct influence on the adoption of mobile banking in Chennai. Further examination of the inferential analysis highlighted that level of education and income level of respondents may be a major determinant in influencing the adoption of mobile banking. The limitations of this study are the sample was composed of mobile banking users only and non users are not considered for study. This research provides banking institutions with significant information on the various aspects that need to be highlighted in their mobile banking strategies to increase the adoption rate of mobile banking services
Keywords: Mobile Banking Adoption, Intention, Technology Acceptance Model, Perceived Ease of Use, Perceived Usefulness, Relative Advantage, Quality of System, Personal Innovativeness, Self Efficiency
- A Theoretical Discussion of Factors Affecting the Acceptance of M-commerce among SMTEs by Integrating TTF with TAM
by Saleh Alqatan, Noor Maizura Mohamad Noor, Mustafa Man, Rosmayati Mohemad
Abstract: Tourism is an information-based industry and innovative mobile applications are believed to provide new business opportunities for the industry. Most tourism firms throughout the globe consist of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) and as such, SMEs utilization of information systems (IS) is crucial in terms of added efficiency, effectiveness and innovation. However, the acceptance of M-commerce in SMEs remains very low, while the factors impacting the application of IS are still ambiguous. The objective of the current study was to integrate TTF with TAM to investigate the determinants of user acceptance of M-commerce among SMTEs. The study provides advanced knowledge of customers acceptance of M-commerce in SMTEs, which will help the M-commerce providers in such enterprises to understand the factors that influence the acceptance of M-commerce in SMTEs. This in turn would play an important role in increasing the acceptance level of M-commerce among SMTEs.
Keywords: M-commerce; SMTEs; TAM model; TTF model
- A Framework introducing implications of RFID network threats to Businesses
by Sami MINIAOUI, Suadad Muammar
Abstract: The radio frequency identification (RFID) technology is increasingly used in several industries for various business tasks (item tracking, inventory, etc.). Many types of security threats to RFID networks have been identified, but the impact of these threats on businesses remains unclear. This research aims at proposing a framework detailing the implications of RFID security threats to businesses. We followed an interpretive study to draw up the proposed framework. Based on a literature review, we established a classification of RFID usages (inventory management, payment systems, identity control, and tracking systems). A number of RFID network security threats (denial of service, spoofing, relay, etc.) were identified and explained. Consequently, a framework linking RFID threats to different types of usages in applications is proposed and explained. This framework exposes clearly the implication of every RFID threat on a specific usage of RFID regardless of the industry (healthcare, education, etc.).
Keywords: RFID; RFID networks; RFID threats; business implications; RFID usage; RFID framework; security threats; privacy; data security; corporate data