International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research (5 papers in press)
Sound Pollution: A Source of Social Health Inequality for People Living Near Fixed and Intermittent Sources of Pollution in Burkina Faso
by Noel Thiombiano, Niankara Ibrahim
Abstract: This article relies on a Poisson modeling framework to examine the impact of constant and intermittent sound pollution on social health inequalities in Burkina Faso from the angle of hearing impairments. Using a random sample of 838 people in 200 household living nearby the international Airport of Ouagadougou, and the National Electricity Companys (SONABEL) thermal power plants, the empirical results show that noise intensity is a significant determinant of hearing loss and a source of environmental inequity. In fact, constant exposure to high-intensity noise doubles the probability of developing hearing loss compared to temporary exposure. Consequently, to protect themselves, people tend to choose areas less exposed to noise but relatively more expensive, and hence supporting Charles Tiebouts theory of voting by the feet. The results also points out the problems of poor urban planning in developing countries, and suggest that prevention and promotion policies targeting the poorest are possible ways of reducing social health inequalities.
Keywords: Airport; Hearing Impairment; Poisson model; Sound pollution; Thermal Power Plants.
Workplace Spirituality and Burnout
by Santosh Kumar Sharma, Ankita Sharma
Abstract: In the contemporary corporate and management world the concept of spirituality at workplace or popularly known as workplace spiritualityhas received a global attention as a positive organizational phenomenon. The extant literature related to this concept indicates that there could be several consequences of infusing spirituality at workplace like organizational commitment, enhanced performance, increased productivity, managerial effectiveness, employee well-being, stress resiliency, and others. However, literature is silent on explaining the linkage of workplace spirituality with employees burnout which is emerging as a vital organizational issue. This was the key motivation which energized us to empirically examine the role of workplace spirituality in handling burnout (excessive stressful situations) which is generally raised out of increasing complexities in our professional and personal life. We collected the data through questionnaire based surveys in a sample of one hundred thirty two (132) employees working in service sector organizations across North India and carried out further statistical analyses with the help of SPSS software. The findings of the study divulge the fact that the concept of workplace spirituality could be recognized as an important predictor of organizational outcomes which are affected by employees burnout. Implications, limitations, further research directions, and conclusions have been discussed.
Keywords: Healthcare; Management; Service Sector; Burnout; Workplace Spirituality.
Reduction of Agitation and Anxiety Observed in a Case Study of People with Dementia Using the TimeSlips Creative Expression Program
by Eileen Sullivan, George Sillup, Ronald Klimberg
Abstract: TimeSlips is a group storytelling program encouraging creative expression among people with dementia. A case study was conducted to evaluate whether TimeSlips could decrease symptoms of agitation and anxiety, in people with dementia, utilizing the Overt Agitation Severity Scale (OASS). Participants included forty-two residents diagnosed with dementia and impaired by anxiety and/or agitation. Despite a rigorous enrollment process, consent for 15 residents was attained; 12 of whom routinely participated in TimeSlips and Control sessions, conducted twice weekly for 6 weeks. OASS ratings were conducted before and after all sessions. When pre- and post-OASS ratings were compared for TimeSlips and Control sessions, participants showed clear reduction in symptoms of agitation and anxiety measured by changes in OASS scores (p<.001). The TimeSlips group was not only as effective as the Control group but consistently had lower OASS scores, showing promise for care of persons with dementia, expressing symptoms of anxiety and agitation.
An analysis of mediating effect of Emotional Intelligence between Self-Evaluation Traits with Emotional and Spiritual Wellbeing
by Madhivanan Srinivasan, Riasudeen S
Abstract: This study contributes to our understanding of the role performed by emotional intelligence in between self-evaluative traits and emotional wellbeing. We developed and tested a mediation model linking self-evaluative traits through emotional intelligence on predicting emotional and spiritual wellbeing. Drawing on our model posits that the effects of self-evaluative such as self-esteem, self-efficacy and locus of control are mediated by emotional intelligence on generating emotional and spiritual wellbeing. Overall data from 262 nurses from various government hospitals in Pondicherry union territory support this model. This suggests that incorporation of emotional intelligence with self-evaluative traits on generating emotional and spiritual wellbeing is essential. Implication, directions of future research or discussed
Keywords: Emotional intelligence; self-evaluative traits; self-esteem; self-efficacy; emotional and spiritual wellbeing.
An empirical Investigation of Pan, Tobacco & Intoxicants Consumption at Household level in India
by Alok Pandey, Annapurna Dixit
Abstract: The present paper estimates the responsiveness of prices and household expenditure on consumption of three broad categories i.e. pan, tobacco and intoxicants at household level in rural and urban areas of All India. Household level elasticities are estimated for the various deciles class (economic status) of families. The pattern shows that the rural household spending is proportionally more on pan than that of their urban counterparts. The expenditure on pan, tobacco and intoxicants at the household level is inelastic. The marginal propensity to consume at household level for pan, tobacco and intoxicants is low in India. One rupee increase in the per capita expenditure will increase consumption of pan in the rural region while for tobacco and intoxicants in the urban region.
Keywords: Consumption Expenditure; Elasticity; Pan Tobacco & Intoxicants; NSSO.