International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology (5 papers in press)
Perceptions of young consumers toward organic food in Indonesia
by Wahyudi David, Ardiansyah
Abstract: Few attempts have been made in previous studies to understand young Indonesian consumers' attitudes toward organic food products. This study aimed to investigate the perceptions of young consumers towards organic food. An online survey was conducted via the attached link to social media platforms during the period between March-May 2015. This study collected data from 253 respondents ranging in age from 17-23 years old. The results revealed that young consumers believe that organic food products are healthier, better tasting, higher in quality, and safer when compared to conventional food. Supermarkets (69.9%) were revealed as the preferable places for respondents to buy organic food. In addition, vegetables (23%) and rice (21%) were revealed as the most frequently purchased organic food products. The pesticide-free attribute was the most frequently stated reason for buying organic food. Further, the majority of respondents (78.8%) stated that they had never been exposed to the Indonesian organic logo. Finally, almost 52% of respondents replied that they were willing to buy organic food products in the near future. These findings may benefit both organic sellers and retailers as they may assist in developing further marketing strategies to gain potential consumers.
Keywords: organic food perception; young consumer; Indonesia.
Organic and fair trade cotton production issues in Africa: a value chain approach applied to Burkina Faso and Mali
by YANKOU DIASSO, CLAIRE MAINGUY
Abstract: In this paper, the Global Value Chain approach is used to analyse the organic and fair-trade production of cotton in Mali and Burkina Faso. Two issues are raised: What are the producers advantages to produce organic cotton? Does it offer greater opportunities to create local added value? We compare the evolution of the respective profitability of the two global value chains in Mali and Burkina Faso. We point out the vulnerabilities related to the mode of governance of the organic and fair trade GVC due among other factors to the weakness of yields, the narrowness of the market, the dependency on bailouts and the support of the NGOs and eventually to missing perspectives of local transformation.
Keywords: Africa; Mali; Burkina Faso; cotton; organic label; fair trade label; global value chain.
DIVERSITY OF RICE CROPPING SYSTEMS AND ORGANIC RICE ADOPTION IN AGRO-ECOSYSTEM WITH HIGH RISK OF FLOOD IN CAMBODIA
by Malyne Neang, Philippe Méral, Olivier Aznar, Christophe Déprés
Abstract: In Cambodia, 85% of farmers are rice producers. Organic rice production has been adopted, with non-government organization support and certifications, to improve farmers revenue for sustainable rural development. This study aims to define the constraints of organic rice adoption in an agro-ecosystem with high risk of flood. Using agrarian system diagnosis and analysis, it is found in the study that organic rice gives high value added per hectare but low value added per family labor because of the less non-flooded surface available to avoid chemical contamination, to enlarge organic rice surface. Moreover, organic farmers face lower social status because organic production practices are viewed as old-fashioned tools use by the poor farmers and that will not help them escape poverty. Another institutional constraint is that organic farmers face late payment from their cooperative until the rice is on-sold. This study finds that the price premium for organic rice is not high enough to induce adoption of this cropping practice. However, organic farmers are well trained, produce high-quality rice and are model farmers who participate in policy-making events, which encourages them to continue to produce organic rice.
Keywords: Agrarian system diagnosis and analysis; Tonle Sap Lake; rice production system; rice cropping system; short-term rice; rainy season rice; floating rice; organic rice; economics calculation.
An Examination of Millennials Attitudes toward Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) Foods: Is it Franken-Food or Super-Food?
by Stefan Linnhoff, Elena Volovich, Hannah Martin, L. Murphy Smith
Abstract: This study reports on a survey of Millennials in the United States regarding GMO foods. Potential benefits of GMO food crops include improving agricultural productivity, such as insect resistant and drought resistant crops, and alleviating world hunger, particularly in developing countries. Scientific research fully supports the health and safety of GMO foods. However, opponents to GMO foods still exist, some motivated by economic self-interest and others by fear of science and technology. The debate over GMO foods is widely considered the single-biggest issue facing modern agriculture, characterized as a clash between pro-science and anti-science forces, the outcome having ramifications extending far beyond agriculture and GMOs. To effectively market GMO foods to Millennials and others, agricultural producers, distributors, and food retailers will need to educate consumers about the overwhelming scientific support for the health benefits and safety of GMO foods.
Keywords: Genetically Modified Organism; GMO; Genetically Engineered Foods; Millennials.
Farm Machinery Repair Costs: A Case Study at Oil Palm Plantations in Malaysia
by Siti Nabilah Samsudin, Darius El Pebrian, Ajeng Jok Wan
Abstract: Repair costs of farm machinery vary depending on specific geographical conditions of a country. This study was conducted to investigate current data on farm machinery repair costs with respect to characteristics of oil palm plantations in Malaysia. Relevant data were collected through face-to-face interviews and surveys that were carried out at several oil palm estates in Malaysia. Spreadsheet software was used to analyse the collected data. Findings of the study indicated relationships between farm machinery size and annual average repair costs in accordance with specific conditions and type of operations at the plantations. The relationships between farm machinery size and annual hours of farm machinery use, and farm machinery age are also discussed. This study also established a specific mathematical model for estimating cumulative repair and maintenance costs (CRM) of farm machinery in Malaysian oil palm plantations.
Keywords: repair costs, farm machinery, oil palm, plantation