International Journal of Agriculture Innovation, Technology and Globalisation (6 papers in press)
Uplifting Thailands Agriculture through Agricultural Education: A Paradigm Shift for Future Farmers
by Supawan Visetnoi
Abstract: Thailand was one of the largest agricultural commodities exporters in the world but Thai farmers are still facing a problem of poverty and low productivity. The root of the problem is believed to be the lack of holistic development approach and effective integrated management of agro-food chain of farmers. It is believed that an improved agricultural education system could be a tool to develop the country's agricultural sector. Entrepreneurship education could be a way to enhance the farmers' competitiveness, reduce poverty and help in social and economic development. This article reviews the issues of the country's agricultural education in the past as well as a new model of agricultural education introduced to undergraduate students that combined the integrated knowledge from upstream to downstream of agricultural value chain with incorporation of social engagement learning into the program and curriculum.
Keywords: Agricultural education; Higher Education; Entrepreneurial farmer; Thailand; Interdisciplinary; Undergraduate program.
To Determine the Key Success Factors for Paperware Packaging Machinery Industry by Using AHP-based Approach
by Sutapa Debbarma, Ming-His Liu, Lee Tzong-Ru, Mendy Leese L, Khire Rushikesh Ulhas
Abstract: In this research, analytic hierarchy process (AHP)-based approach was used to determine the key success factors from the management hierarchy on production, marketing, human resources, research and development, and finance. Sixteen key success factors selected on the basis of previous literature were analysed by interviewing paperware packaging machinery manufacturers and experts. We find brand marketing, the establishment of the administration teams, standardised production, procedure management, factory-aimed designed production mix and localised sales service system, inventory management, and accounts receivable to be the six key success factors that are central to Taiwan paperware machinery industry. We hope this finding can assist paperware packaging machinery industry practitioners in Taiwan and other highly service-oriented production industries to achieve business success.
Keywords: Paperware packaging machinery industry; AHP-based method; Key success factors (KSF).
Adoption of Some Cocoa Production Technologies by Cocoa Farmers in Kogi State, Nigeria
by Sunday Olufemi Akintelu, Victor Sobanke, Adewunmi Mary Adetutu, Lydia Mele
Abstract: This study examined the cocoa production technologies adopted by cocoa farmers in Kogi State, Nigeria. Data used for the study were collected from 134 cocoa farmers through the use of a structured questionnaire. Using descriptive and inferential statistics for the analysis, our study revealed that production technologies adopted by cocoa farmers in Kogi State includes planting hybrid cocoa varieties (4.55), weed control (4.34), control of black pod disease with fungicides (4.39), fertiliser application (4.21) and control of capsids with insecticides (4.30). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) shows that there is a significant difference (0.68, p < 0.05) between production technologies adopted and cocoa production output among farmers. This indicates that production technologies has led to quality of output and improved farm practices. This paper concludes that farmer should strive to improve more on these technologies. Where there is inadequate enabling environment for farmers, the possibility of reduction of cocoa product is inevitable.
Keywords: cocoa production; technologies; farmers; cash crop.
Coffee Bean Supply Chain Strategy: The Case of Trading Institution and Profit Margin for Pioneer Coffee Commodities in Indonesia
by Rika Ampuh Hadiguna, Imelda Yunita, Gunarif Taib
Abstract: The role of coffee farmers is equally important to increase supply chain efficiency. The research problem is how the marketing channel strategy in the coffee bean supply chain considers the position of farmers at a reasonable cost level and proportional profit margins for farmers. This study focused on Robusta coffee which is cultivated by many farmers in Jambi Province as one of the coffees producing regions in Indonesia. The research phase consists of observing supply chain practices and formulating mathematical models to calculate profit margins. There are two types of channel that has been practiced for a long time. The results of the profit margin analysis show that the best supply chain is the second channel and prove that a long supply chain is not efficient for marketing coffee beans because some activities are non-value added.
Keywords: coffee; supply chain; cost; channel; profit margin; institution.
Analysis of the Growth of Regional Productivity in Pearl River Delta & Yangtze River Delta in Mainland China
by Yu-Ting Huang, Yung-Hsiang Lu, Meng-Kai Lin
Abstract: For the highly economic development in China, elevation of productivity serves as key factor. Purpose of every ongoing reform and execution of plan is to boost productivity and Pearl River Delta (PRD) and Yangtze River Delta (YRD) have benefited a lot. This study aims at 25 cities which are at least municipalities in PRD and YRD from 1996 to 2010, applying metafrontier model to consider the differences among regions. We also exempt impact of environmental variables so that reasonably evaluate technical efficiency of regional economics. The result indicates that there exists difference in productivity in PRD and YRD. PRD opens to the outside world earlier; its concept and system are more advantageous than those of the YRD. Moreover, PRD serves as the birthplace of China's system innovation; however, as policies turn the direction to YRD gradually, economic development of PRD goes downhill and its productivity is in an unstable state.
Keywords: Mainland China; Regional Economy; generalized Metafrontier Malmquist productivity index; Catch-up.
Additive Aggregate Function-based Data Privacy Protection Algorithm
by Yansheng Chen, Lee Tzong-Ru
Abstract: Data privacy protection is a key problem in the research and application of the internet of things that in wireless sensor networks has broad application prospects, such as agriculture environmental monitoring, healthcare, etc. For the core part of the internet of things, wireless sensor network, it is a very challenging task to provide effective privacy protection in the process of data transmission. In this paper, a new type of data privacy protection strategy based on the additive aggregation function is proposed (hereafter referred to as DPPA). On the one hand, applying the superposition property of the node data, the paper introduces the class aggregation protocol. On the other hand, taking advantage of the algebraic properties of the polynomials and the correlation properties of the superposed data, it can reduce the data of the header files of the data packages, and reduce the data size, while improving the privacy preservation. Simulation results show that DPPA can effectively protect data privacy, and get accurate data fusion results, while reducing the amount of data traffic.
Keywords: Internet of Things; wireless sensor network; privacy preserving; data aggregation; Superimposed correlation.