Int. J. of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology   »   2016 Vol.12, No.3



Title: Optimal production of enzymatic guar gel breaker by Bacillus sp. M1-4 and its potential in hydraulic fracturing


Authors: Xin Lin; Shicheng Zhang; Chenggang Zheng; Yuanyuan Shuai; Yin Feng; Ting Sun; Peng Yang


China University of Petroleum, Beijing, China; Petroleum Exploration and Production Research Institute, SINOPEC, Beijing, China
China University of Petroleum, Beijing, China
Petroleum Exploration and Production Research Institute, SINOPEC, Beijing, China
Shell Oil Company, Houston, TX, USA
University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA
Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
CNPC Greatwall Drilling Company, Beijing, China


Abstract: Recent developments in the petroleum industry have established a need for the in situ hydrolysis of galactomannans (guar gum) and utilisation of enzymes for guar gel breaking (known as EGGB), such as cleavage activity at low temperature, substrate specificity and environmental acceptability. The medium composition for EGGB production was optimised using response surface methodology. The optimised medium contained (g/L): guar gum 4.08, peptone 11.74, NaNO3 5.22, K2HPO4 2.0, MgSO4.7H2O 1.0 and CaCl2 0.05, and achieved a yield of 239 IU/ml of β-mannanase in EGGB, which exhibited a significant stability over a wide range of temperature (below 60°C), pH (neutral) and chemicals (cations, EDTA, bactericide and cross-linker agent). Full maintain of permeability of the formation core was accomplished by addition of EGGB in physical simulation experiment. Based on the results of medium composition optimisation, enzyme assays and physical simulation experiment, the enzymatic guar gel breaker presented a great prospect in the hydraulic fracturing. [Received: August 14, 2014; Accepted: September 22, 2015]


Keywords: galactomannans; enzymatic guar gel breaking; EGGB production; beta-mannanase; response surface methodology; RSM; physical simulation; Bacillus sp. M1-4; hydraulic fracturing; fracking; guar gum; hydrolysis; enzymes; permeability.


DOI: 10.1504/IJOGCT.2016.076832


Int. J. of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, 2016 Vol.12, No.3, pp.231 - 247


Date of acceptance: 22 Sep 2015
Available online: 24 May 2016



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