Optimisation of recommended speed profile for train operation based on ant colony algorithm
by Fang Cao; Li-Qian Fan; Bwo-Ren Ke; Tao Tang
International Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling (IJSPM), Vol. 11, No. 3/4, 2016

Abstract: An automatic train operation (ATO) system generally consists of the generation of recommended speed profile and the speed tracking strategy. It determines the tracked trajectory and the energy consumption of trains during the trip. Therefore, the optimisation of recommended speed profile and the ATO tracking strategy are regarded as two important means to achieve energy-efficient train operation between the successive stations. By considering the ATO tracking strategy, an optimisation method of the recommended speed profile is proposed in this paper. Based on the approximate calculation, a discrete combination optimisation model is formulated and a modified max-min ant system (MMAS) is taken as the core algorithm. With the integration speed tracking strategy, this method achieves the recommended speed profile with optimised energy consumption and a perfect running punctuality along the actual tracked trajectory. The computation time of the algorithm is shorter and the switching time of operation during the cruising phase is reduced by integrating the drivers' experience, which also reduces the energy consumption of train running between stations. The simulation results of a case study based on Beijing Subway verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, which has a good performance on energy-efficient train operation.

Online publication date: Mon, 22-Aug-2016

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