Colour diminution and COD reduction in treatment of coloured effluent by Electrocoagulation Online publication date: Wed, 02-Dec-2009
by Animes K. Golder, Harsh Kumar, Amar N. Samanta, Subhabrata Ray
International Journal of Environmental Engineering (IJEE), Vol. 2, No. 1/2/3, 2010
Abstract: This work experimentally investigates the colour and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) removal of effluents containing: Trypan Blue (TB); Orange G (OG) dye using the two most common electrode materials – Mild Steel (MS) and Aluminium (Al). Effects of the time of electrotreatment, solution pH, electrode material, current density and initial dye concentration on decolourisation and COD reduction are reported. MS electrodes show better colour removal efficiency event at lower cell current efficiency compared with Al electrodes and are able to achieve up to 90–98% removal in less than 60 min. Removal efficiency is higher in the case of TB compared with OG irrespective of electrode material due to higher electrostatic attraction between TB molecules and metal hydroxide sludge. Higher current density enhances colour removal even though pH elevation (approaching close to zero point charge) rate is higher. COD reduction is found to be about 10-20% lower than colour diminution measured spectrophotometrically suggesting different mechanisms of dye removal involved during EC.
Online publication date: Wed, 02-Dec-2009
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Environmental Engineering (IJEE):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:
Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.
If you still need assistance, please email firstname.lastname@example.org