Extreme probability distributions of random sets, fuzzy sets and p-boxes
by A. Bernardini, F. Tonon
International Journal of Reliability and Safety (IJRS), Vol. 3, No. 1/2/3, 2009

Abstract: The uncertain information given by a random set on a finite space of singletons determines a set of probability distributions defined by the convex hull of a finite set of extreme distributions. After placing random sets in the context of the theory of imprecise probabilities, algorithms are given to calculate these extreme distributions, and hence exact upper/lower bounds on the expectation of functions of the uncertain variable. Detailed applications are given to consonant random sets (or their equivalent fuzzy sets) and to p-boxes (non-consonant random sets). A procedure is presented to calculate the random set equivalent to a p-box and hence to derive extreme distributions from a p-box. A hierarchy of non-consonant (and eventually consonant) random sets ordered by the inclusion of the corresponding sets of probability distributions can yield the same upper and lower cumulative distribution functions of the p-box. Simple numerical examples illustrate the presented concepts and algorithms.

Online publication date: Sat, 27-Jun-2009

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