Collective entrepreneurship and collective strategies: the case of tourism in France
by Katherine Gundolf, Annabelle Jaouen, Stephanie Loup
International Journal of Business and Globalisation (IJBG), Vol. 3, No. 1, 2009

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore the emergence and management of collective strategies between SMEs in the French tourism sector. The authors study how collective entrepreneurship appears in a territory, and how the implemented collective strategies evolve through time. This research is based on four cases studies. This research shows that these clusters can emerge according to two processes: collective entrepreneurship or institutional incitation, each one implying different coordination patterns. Moreover, it appears that these two management modes vary over time. So, three potential configurations may emerge: 'stagnation', 'institutionalization', or 'dis-institutionalisation'.

Online publication date: Sun, 30-Nov-2008

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