Garisenda Tower in Bologna (Italy): health monitoring by different non-destructive testing techniques
by Angelo Di Tommaso; Gian Carlo Olivetti; Giuseppe Lacidogna; Stefano Invernizzi; Oscar Borla; Alberto Carpinteri
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation (IJMRI), Vol. 9, No. 1/2, 2024

Abstract: In the Garisenda Tower of Bologna, several non-destructive (NDT) techniques are being used to examine structural damage and cracking evolution. The acoustic emission (AE) activity emerging from the masonry structures is analysed and related to surrounding temperature and strain measurements by distributed fibre optic sensors (FOSs). A seismometer was used to monitor low-frequency vibrations propagating across the ground-building foundation interface in order to examine the impact of local seismic activity or heavy vehicle traffic on tower vibration. The obtained data has led to the identification of several sources of AE activity, which apparently indicates the existence of an evolving cracking pattern. A consistent increase in the cumulated function of AE signals suggests that tower damage is caused by more than temperature changes. As a result, the origin of damage can be identified as the material's time-dependent creep behaviour under dead load and its interaction with fatigue generated by thermal fluctuations.

Online publication date: Sun, 03-Dec-2023

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