Fabrication of paper-based microfluidic channels by electrohydrodynamic inkjet printing technology for analytical biochemistry applications
by Ngan Nguyen Le; Hue Cam Thi Phan; Huong Kim Tran; Dung My Thi Dang; Chien Mau Dang
International Journal of Nanotechnology (IJNT), Vol. 17, No. 7/8/9/10, 2020

Abstract: Paper-based microchannels are important components in paper-based microfluidic devices. Paper-based microchannels are usually manufactured by creating lines with hydrophobic patterns enclosing an area of hydrophilic paper inside. Among the many techniques for making hydrophobic lines, the printing method in general and inkjet printing in particular have become more common because of their advantages in terms of material saving, high precision, low-cost, etc. In this paper, the electrohydrodynamic (EHD) inkjet printing method, which has been studied and developed in recent years, has been used to drop glycol ether solvent-based ink onto a nitrocellulose paper. The results of the field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) show that the solvent based ink could dissolve through membrane and form a transparent hydrophobic layer on the created space. The width of the barrier lines can be controlled from about 200 μm to 260 μm, which is quite small when compared to other manufacturing methods. Based on this fabrication process, paper-based microfluidic analytical devices have been designed and fabricated for use in analytical biochemistry assays. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) was selected as the biological target for this assay. Initial results have shown that the target for hCG can be quantitatively determined by these devices with a coefficient of determination (R2) of approximately 0.99. Therefore, EHD inkjet printing technology can be used for the manufacture of paper-based microfluidic analytical devices (μPADs) that may be applied in the future for analytical biochemistry assays.

Online publication date: Fri, 20-Nov-2020

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