Municipal solid waste disposal in Brazil: improvements and challenges
by Victor Fernandez Nascimento; Anahi Chimini Sobral; Manfred Fehr; Nazli Yesiller; Pedro R. Andrade; Jean Pierre Henry Balbaud Ometto
International Journal of Environment and Waste Management (IJEWM), Vol. 23, No. 3, 2019

Abstract: The proper disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW) is a global challenge, mainly in developing countries. The objective of this paper is to review recent improvements and remaining challenges of municipal solid waste disposal (MSWD) in Brazil focusing on the environmental impacts caused by inappropriate disposal of MSW. Before the implementation of the Brazilian Solid Waste Policy (BSWP), in 2008, 72.3% of all municipalities in Brazil disposed of their MSW in open dumps and uncontrolled landfills. In 2015, after the deadline given by the BSWP to close all open dumps and uncontrolled landfills had expired, 60% of all Brazilian municipalities still dispose their MSW improperly. Therefore, while progress occurred in the management practices for MSWD in Brazil, the improvements have not occurred as fast as expected by the BSWP and several shortcomings remain, which cause significant environmental impacts.

Online publication date: Fri, 12-Apr-2019

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