How the level of census data and TRI releases affect empirical models estimating the amount spent on supplemental environmental projects
by William B. Galose; Musa Essayyad
American J. of Finance and Accounting (AJFA), Vol. 5, No. 4, 2018

Abstract: This environmental finance paper estimates models of the amount spent on the Supplemental Environmental Projects (SEPs) included in the settlements of a sample of US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administrative cases. Demographic variables were generally statistically significant in estimates of models employing US Census Bureau tract-level data for demographic variables. US Census Bureau block group data within a three-mile radius of the involved facility were obtained from US EPA Facility Reports. The block group data demographic variables were generally not statistically significant in models which were similar to the tract-level data models. The inclusion of TRI control variables did not substantially affect the results. Thus, when employing SEPs to finance environmental projects, the scale of demographic variables influences empirical models estimating the amount spent on SEPs.

Online publication date: Mon, 16-Jul-2018

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the American J. of Finance and Accounting (AJFA):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email