European Union's sanitary and phytosanitary measures and food exports
by Olayinka Idowu Kareem
International Journal of Trade and Global Markets (IJTGM), Vol. 9, No. 4, 2016

Abstract: Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures' proliferation has effects on trade, particularly for Africa. This study investigates the effects of all the European Union's SPS on Africa's export of vegetables and coffee in a two-step model of Helpman et al. (2008). In all, 43 African countries are considered in the empirical analysis covering the period from 1995 to 2012. The study finds that standards are trade-inhibiting at both the extensive and intensive margins of exports for vegetables, while these measures are trade-restrictive at the extensive margin and trade-enhancing at the intensive margin for coffee. Thus, the findings suggest that the generalisation of the impact of standards from a single commodity is not plausible due to the significant differences in the costs of firm's compliance and the size of the exporters. The study recommends inclusive policies that will improve domestic capacity of regulatory institutions.

Online publication date: Sat, 24-Dec-2016

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Trade and Global Markets (IJTGM):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email