Teachers' time investment in online teaching
by Qiyun Wang; Choon Lang Quek; Baichang Zhong
International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-Long Learning (IJCEELL), Vol. 27, No. 1/2, 2017

Abstract: Online teaching has evolved from a marginal form of education to an increasingly popular alternative. However, teachers often have the concern that online teaching requires more time than traditional classroom teaching. This review selected 25 empirical studies published in recent years to investigate what instructional activities in online courses require teachers to spend a great amount of time on than in classroom teaching, what factors affect their time commitment, and what strategies can be used to reduce their time investment but without compromising the quality of online courses. Results show that teachers often spend a large quantity of time communicating with individual students, participating in and grading of online discussions, and preparing and maintaining online courses. The primary factors affect teachers' time commitment in online courses include class size, communication, and institutional support. Strategies for balancing students' learning outcomes and reducing teachers' time investment are summarised, and research areas for future studies are proposed.

Online publication date: Tue, 13-Dec-2016

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