State-of-the-art electrified powertrains - hybrid, plug-in, and electric vehicles
by Yinye Yang; Kamran Arshad-Ali; Joel Roeleveld; Ali Emadi
International Journal of Powertrains (IJPT), Vol. 5, No. 1, 2016

Abstract: Automotive electrification has become the centre of current transportation technology especially in the age of surging petroleum fuel prices and rising social awareness of vehicle emissions. A range of electrified powertrains from micro hybrid to full electric have been implemented in a wide variety of vehicle platforms from subcompacts to heavy-duty trucks and buses. The main focus of this paper is to comprehensively review the state-of-the-art electrified powertrains that have been developed and commercialised in the North American automotive industry. Vehicles are categorised based on different powertrain configurations and electrification levels. The powertrain structure and operating modes are also analysed in detail. In addition, a comprehensive database of electrified powertrains and their components is created. Electrified powertrains and the corresponding conventional powertrains are compared in terms of vehicle efficiency, powertrain complexity, and pump-to-wheel CO2 emissions.

Online publication date: Sun, 06-Mar-2016

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