Re-defining localism: an ethnography of human territoriality in the surf
by Lindsay E. Usher; Deborah Kerstetter
International Journal of Tourism Anthropology (IJTA), Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015

Abstract: Surf tourism is a growing segment of the tourism industry that is affecting many developing countries as surfers travel to find perfect, uncrowded waves. With the influx of tourists, local surfers often feel the need to defend the waves they surf every day. This phenomenon is known as localism, which is a form of human territoriality. This ethnographic study analyses localism using a territoriality framework in one surf tourism destination on the coast of Nicaragua. It is based on two months of field work, including observations and interviews, with local surfers, resident foreigners and tourists in and around the Popoyo Reef surf break. The findings show that localism is far more complex than previously conceived by many surfers. Not all local surfers felt the same about the space and while they did exhibit ownership, defined boundaries and regulated behaviour in the surf, they were still willing to share the space with others.

Online publication date: Thu, 24-Sep-2015

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Tourism Anthropology (IJTA):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email