Buffered FUSE: optimising the Android IO stack for user-level filesystem
by Sooman Jeong; Youjip Won
International Journal of Embedded Systems (IJES), Vol. 6, No. 2/3, 2014

Abstract: In this work, we optimise the Android IO stack for user-level filesystem. Android imposes user-level filesystem over native filesystem partition to provide flexibility in managing the internal storage space and to maintain host compatibility. The overhead of user-level filesystem is prohibitively large and the native storage bandwidth is significantly under-utilised. We overhauled the FUSE layer in the Android platform and propose buffered FUSE (bFUSE) to address the overhead of user-level filesystem. The key technical ingredients of buffered FUSE are: 1) extended FUSE IO size; 2) internal user-level write buffer; 3) independent management thread which performs time-driven FUSE buffer synchronisation. With buffered FUSE, we examined the performances of five different filesystems and three disk scheduling algorithms in a combinatorial manner. With bFUSE on XFS filesystem using the deadline scheduling, we achieved the IO performance improvements of 470% and 419% in Android ICS and JB, respectively, over the existing smartphone device.

Online publication date: Thu, 31-Jul-2014

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