Electrochemical properties of graphitic carbon nitrides
by A. Belen Jorge; F. Corà; A. Sella; P.F. McMillan; Daniel J.L. Brett
International Journal of Nanotechnology (IJNT), Vol. 11, No. 9/10/11, 2014

Abstract: Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are the current devices of choice for portable energy storage applications; however, improvements in energy and power densities are required to sustain future more demanding tasks, such as those associated with automotive transport. Commercially, LIB anodes are typically made from graphitic carbon-based systems that present bottlenecks associated with surface passivation and slow intercalation kinetics. We have investigated layered/graphitic carbon nitrides (gCNMs) as alternative anode materials; their unique structure and chemistry enable new intercalation processes not available for pure-C graphite. Our gCNMs are prepared from C, N-containing precursors treated at different temperatures. Cyclic voltammetry showed clear oxidation/reduction cycles in the 0.5-1.5 V range indicating that Li+ intercalation took place resulting in electric conduction properties of the previously semiconducting material. Higher reaction temperatures lead to buckling of the graphitic layers and consequent loss of planarity, with a negative effect on their electrochemical performance.

Online publication date: Wed, 14-Jan-2015

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