The Halloween effect: an alternative approach and new evidence from the US market
by Athanasios Tsagkanos; Paris Zachouris
American J. of Finance and Accounting (AJFA), Vol. 3, No. 2/3/4, 2014

Abstract: The Halloween effect refers to a calendar anomaly that can be easily exploited and calls for buying the market index in the end of October each year and switching to treasury bills at the end of April the following year. The effect has only been studied on a 'calendar-month' basis and primarily on large capitalisation indices. By examining two popular indices for the US stock market for the period December 1983 to December 2009, on a calendar-month basis we find the effect to be statistically non-significant for large cap stocks (S&P 500) and statistically significant for small cap stocks (Russell 2000). Since we see no reason to constrain seasonality on a calendar-month basis, we go further to explore all possible entry and exit point combinations on a trading day basis and find that the interval between the first week of June (trading day n.107) and the last week of October (trading day n.208) captures the rationale of the 'Halloween' calendar effect at its peak. The resulting trading strategy remains robust even after controlling for outliers, short-term volatility and the January effect.

Online publication date: Sat, 11-Oct-2014

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the American J. of Finance and Accounting (AJFA):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email