Comparative performance of Islamic and conventional banks in Europe
by Ahmad M. Abu-Alkheil; Hans-Peter Burghof; Walayet A. Khan
American J. of Finance and Accounting (AJFA), Vol. 3, No. 1, 2013

Abstract: We employ data envelopment analysis (DEA) to examine the relative efficiency of Islamic and conventional banks in the UK and Switzerland during 2008-2009, accounting ratio analysis to measure the financial performance of the European Islamic Investment Bank (EIIB) during 2005-2008, and a matched-pairs t-test to determine the differences in the EIIB performance in the pre-versus post financial crisis periods, respectively. Results suggest that the Islamic banks in Europe experience lower cost efficiency, higher allocative inefficiency and poor, but relatively better, technical efficiency compared to conventional banks. The inefficiency of the banks is mostly due to their sub-optimal size of operations. Findings further show that the EIIB exhibits a clear paradox between its high operating efficiency and low profitability. EIIB gradually became illiquid but still remains solvent. A comparison of the bank's performance in the periods before and after the crisis does not show statistically significant differences.

Online publication date: Thu, 04-Sep-2014

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