Development of the manufacture of complex composite panels
by Carwyn Ward; Kalyan Hazra; Kevin Potter
International Journal of Materials and Product Technology (IJMPT), Vol. 42, No. 3/4, 2011

Abstract: Composite reinforcements can be difficult to form manually over complex geometries due to difficulties arising from the types of drape mechanisms available. Often more than one can be found in action, and different geometrical features require specific formability characteristics. This is true when manufacturing composite sandwich panels and particularly so if the structure includes cut-outs as these features are very difficult to form. Forming complexities can also be found in automated methodologies, particularly when relatively complex parts are manufactured, as the techniques attempt to minimise manual operations. Development towards automated manufacturing therefore requires: 1) reappraisal of the most appropriate deformation properties in reinforcements; 2) methods to achieve them reliably. This paper examines those requirements and presents simple examples that aim to enhance formability. It also presents novel concepts of tow steering and pin-bed preforming that take an alternative approach to drape by reorganising the material according to the panel design offline. The details of both concepts are explored and examples show their potential for use in complex geometry manufacture. The paper concludes that both concepts are suitable processes for future development to enable automated lay-up.

Online publication date: Sat, 07-Mar-2015

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Materials and Product Technology (IJMPT):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email