Editorial: New collaboration models in the innovation era
by Tapani Vaannen, Jarkko Pellikka
International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development (IJIRD), Vol. 3, No. 5, 2011

Abstract: Innovative firms have become increasingly dependent on external sources of knowledge rather than in-house research. Intensified competition, shorter product life cycles and expanded technological opportunities force them to innovate more quickly and focus their R&D expenditures, while seeking privileged and rapid access to complementary new knowledge in the public and private sectors. A result of these driving forces has been the emergence of a new type of organisation of industrial research that is less centred in individual firms, based more on networks and markets, and in some cases, is more reliant on high technology firms. Therefore, rather than relying on internal resources for processes such as commercialisation, firms are increasingly participating in 'open innovation'. This editorial briefly discusses this trend and the special issue aimed at providing an understanding of the specific features of commercialisation processes and open innovation models in high technology fields.

Online publication date: Wed, 31-Aug-2011

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