Science, technology and work organization
by Jean J. Chanaron, Jacques Perrin
International Journal of Technology Management (IJTM), Vol. 2, No. 3/4, 1987

Abstract: The relationship between technology and work organization is neither direct nor one-way. Science has a tendency to interfere in this relationship. So, are the dominant paradigms of the time – for example, mechanical science during the first Industrial Revolution, information science today – the key to understanding all technologies, including organization technology? To the mechanistic affiliation of the Taylor scientific management would correspond information affiliation of the new forms of work organization; the quality circle is an example of this. Nevertheless, the coexistence of these two work organization systems in firms raises questions: are they compatible or contradictory? The introduction of computer-aided design and manufacturing systems reproduces in new forms the separation between production and design.

Online publication date: Wed, 27-May-2009

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