Characterising and identifying toxicants in marine waters: a review of marine toxicity identification evaluations (TIEs)
by Robert M. Burgess
International Journal of Environment and Pollution (IJEP), Vol. 13, No. 1/2/3/4/5/6, 2000

Abstract: One impact of human activity is contamination of the world’s oceans with toxic pollutants. Marine toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) technology provides an approach for characterising and identifying the causes of toxicity in aqueous and sediment samples. This review describes the evolution and use of marine TIEs since their initial development approximately fifteen years ago. Currently, 30 marine species are used in TIEs around the world on samples ranging from industrial and municipal effluents to sediment interstitial waters. Primary applications of TIEs have been for environmental regulatory purposes, specifically effluent permitting, but other potential uses include the assessment of contaminated sites and performance of risk assessments. When used with toxicity reduction evaluations (TRE) or other remedial techniques, TIEs can be a cost-effective tool for protecting oceanic resources.

Online publication date: Fri, 15-Aug-2003

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Environment and Pollution (IJEP):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email