Economic policy from an evolutionary perspective: the case of Finland Online publication date: Wed, 21-Mar-2007
by Ron A. Boschma, Markku Sotarauta
International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management (IJEIM), Vol. 7, No. 2/3/4/5, 2007
Abstract: In the last decade, the Finnish economy has shown an unprecedented recovery, after being hit by a deep crisis in the early 1990s. This paper views and interprets this successful transformation process based on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) from an evolutionary perspective. Although, the rapid pace of the restructuring of the Finnish economy suggests a break with the past, this remarkable recovery was firmly rooted in its economic history. In addition, Finnish public policy played its role in turning Finland into a knowledge economy. Although, a master plan for the Finnish economy was lacking, many policies worked out quite well together over an extended period. Building on education, research and technology policy initiatives taken in the 1970s and 1980s, the deep economic crisis in the early 1990s paved the way for new policy directions, with a focus on network-facilitating innovation policies.
Online publication date: Wed, 21-Mar-2007
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