Biodegradable plastics with natural additives as a replacement for synthetic plastics
by Amal Elhussieny; Marwa Faisal; Giacomo D'Angelo; Nesma T. Aboulkhair; Nicola M. Everitt; Irene S. Fahim
International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering (IJISE), Vol. 39, No. 4, 2021

Abstract: A massive outburst in the manufacturing of synthetic plastic has occurred due to its availability, durability and low-cost relative to glass, paper and fabric. In order to combat the plastic pollution phenomenon, it is impossible to eliminate the use of disposable plastic products; however, it could be replaced with an eco-friendly substitute. This study presents a comparison between different composite films with natural reinforcements. The matrices and reinforcements were produced from chitosan extracted from shrimp shells waste and rice straw waste, respectively. Experimental and statistical analysis were performed to define the most desirable filler type and concentration with respect to physical, biological, mechanical and thermal properties. Experimental results showed that the mechanical, thermal, and biological properties of the chitosan (and nano chitosan) films were improved by the addition of 25 wt. % and 35 wt. % of rice straws and nano rice straw fibres.

Online publication date: Mon, 31-Jan-2022

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