Mental health issues and sleep quality of Indian employees and higher education students during COVID-19 lockdown
by B.L. Radhakrishnan; E. Kirubakaran; R.V. Belfin; Sudhakar Selvam; K. Martin Sagayam; Ahmed A. Elngar
International Journal of Intelligent Engineering Informatics (IJIEI), Vol. 9, No. 2, 2021

Abstract: India implemented a prolonged lockdown to contain the spread of COVID-19. Our study aimed to assess the mental health difficulties and influence of lockdown stressors among Indian higher education students' and employees of the government, private sector during the COVID-19 lockdown. We collected the basic demographic, sleep generalised anxiety disorder (GAD), perceived stress scale (PSS) and sleep quality data from 676 participants using a web-based cross-sectional survey. Among the participants, the overall prevalence of GAD and PSS were 22.9%, 15.7% (low), 79.4% (medium), 4.7 (high), respectively. Younger participants reported higher GAD and PSS symptoms. Lockdown stressors have a significant correlation with GAD and PSS. In addition, the increased mobile phone usage significantly affects sleep latency, and sleep quality (p < 0.001) is a subject of concern. As part of global preparedness measures, continuous monitoring of sleep and the psychological impacts of outbreaks should become standard practice.

Online publication date: Fri, 13-Aug-2021

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