Packing resistant solution to group malware binaries Online publication date: Mon, 21-Sep-2020
by Ahmad Azab
International Journal of Security and Networks (IJSN), Vol. 15, No. 3, 2020
Abstract: Malware is still identified as a serious threat on the internet and considered the main tool utilised by cybercriminals to conduct their malicious actions against corporations, government agencies and individuals. Malware authors embed numerous techniques, such as obfuscation and morphing, to avoid detection by anti-virus engines and facing hardened zero-day detection. To address this problem, we propose a solution that groups malware binaries belonging to the same variant, regardless of whether they are packed or not. Our approach deploys similarity measures between the malware binaries of the same variant by applying data mining concepts in conjunction with hashing algorithms. In this paper, we assess trend locality sensitive hashing (TLSH) and SSDEEP hashing algorithms to group packed and unpacked binaries of the same variants, deploying K-NN learning algorithm. Two Zeus variants are used - Mal ZBOT and TSPY ZBOT - to address the effectiveness of the proposed approach. The experimental results reflect our method's effectiveness in grouping binaries of the same variant, its resilience to common obfuscations used by cybercriminals and a poor performance with regard to applying the hashing algorithm without the data mining concept. The best result attained over both packed and unpacked binaries is 0.982 F-measure.
Online publication date: Mon, 21-Sep-2020
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Security and Networks (IJSN):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:
Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.
If you still need assistance, please email firstname.lastname@example.org