Manufacturer optimal stock requirement and production rate to maximise the expected profit during peak time Online publication date: Thu, 09-Apr-2020
by Mahadev Ota; S. Srinivasan; C.D. Nandakumar; Khalid Waheed
International Journal of Procurement Management (IJPM), Vol. 13, No. 2, 2020
Abstract: In today's competitive business world, the manufacturers have to face a very volatile market demand and hence need to take the decision accordingly so as to maximise their profit. For a manufacturer, the production rate is usually constant in the short run and may not be adequate to meet the demand during the upcoming peak period. Therefore he needs to keep some stocks as a reserve so as to meet the upcoming peak demand period. But storage space and holding costs are another concern. Considering these problems, this paper aims at developing a model considering the number of order as a Poisson process with individual demands following lognormal distribution and find the optimal initial stock requirement to meet the peak period demand which maximises the expected profit. In addition to this, waiting period for the first order, the time between the successive orders, probability of shortage of stock at a given initial level during the peak time, optimal initial stock requirement to keep the probability of shortage below a predetermined level has been discussed. The numerical examples suggest that an optimal solution can be obtained which would maximise the manufacturer expected profit.
Online publication date: Thu, 09-Apr-2020
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