A novel hierarchical approach for a heterogeneous 3D pallet loading problem subject to factual loading and delivery constraints Online publication date: Mon, 09-Sep-2019
by Sena Kır; Harun Resit Yazgan
European J. of Industrial Engineering (EJIE), Vol. 13, No. 5, 2019
Abstract: This paper presents a hierarchical approach, which consists of a two-stage genetic algorithm and a mixed integer linear programming, for a heterogeneous three-dimensional pallet loading problem in consideration of the rotation, the relative positioning, the load-bearing strength and the fragility constraints. Stage #1 of the proposed two-stage genetic algorithm provides to reduce the number of items to be packed by combining similar items based on a stack-building approach. And, stage #2 provides to estimate the number of required free pallets. After that, the proposed mixed integer linear programming solves the problem considering the findings of the proposed two-stage genetic algorithm. The proposed hierarchical approach was tested on well-known instances leading to favourable results and compared with a decent solution approach. In addition, a case study was presented. [Received: 7 July 2018; Revised: 20 November 2018; Accepted: 25 January 2019]
Online publication date: Mon, 09-Sep-2019
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