Searching for the optimum number of integral burnable absorber rods used in PWR assembly Online publication date: Mon, 08-Jul-2019
by A. Abdelghafar Galahom
International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science and Technology (IJNEST), Vol. 13, No. 2, 2019
Abstract: This article discusses the effect of different Integral Burnable Absorber numbers (IBAs) on the neutronic characteristics of a Pressurised Water Reactor (PWR) to provide a suitable safety level. MCNPX code version 2.6 was used to design a three dimensional model for PWR assembly. The designed model has been validated by comparing the output values of the infinity multiplication factor (Kinf) with a previously published value. The designed MCNPX model was used to analyse the radial distribution of thermal neutrons and the power through PWR assembly with and without IBA. Due to the high absorption cross-section of gadolinium, it has been used as a burnable absorber material in the IBA rods. The gadolinium isotopes suppressed the power in the regions where they were distributed. The existence of IBA rods has a large effect on the Kinf. This effect decreases gradually with burnup due to the degradation of gadolinium. The gadolinium isotopes degradation was analysed with burnup. Different numbers of IBA rods were investigated to optimise the suitable number that can be used in the PWR assembly. The reactivity has been investigated at different numbers of IBAs. The gadolinium effect on the concentration of 135Xe and 149Sm resulting from the fission process was analysed.
Online publication date: Mon, 08-Jul-2019
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science and Technology (IJNEST):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:
Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.
If you still need assistance, please email firstname.lastname@example.org