MPF-LEACH: modified probability function for cluster head election in LEACH protocol
by Khalid M.O. Nahar; Ra'ed M. Al-Khatib; Malek Barhoush; Alfian Abdul Halin
International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology (IJCAT), Vol. 60, No. 3, 2019

Abstract: In this research, we enhance the LEACH protocol by updating Cluster Head (CH) election probability function (thresholds). More probability was given to an out-of-service CH to be elected again. The idea is to get benefit from CH residual energy in order to extend the network lifetime. A new threshold was introduced which guarantees a non-zero probability value of a CH. We proposed a newly developed research technique to enhance the original LEACH protocol. The enhancement focuses on extending a WSN's lifetime, and increasing its throughput. It is achieved by giving more probability to re-elect the expired CH that has been removed from CHs list because of its insufficient residual energy. Several experiments were conducted to evaluate the efficiency of our proposed MPF-LEACH approach. From the experimental results, a remarkable enhancement in the network lifetime and throughput is achieved. We have improved the election probability threshold for the original LEACH protocol by benefiting from the CH residual energy. As a result, the whole network lifetime was increased due to the extra chance that is given to a CH to be elected again.

Online publication date: Tue, 25-Jun-2019

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