Chapter 1: Invited Addresses and Tutorials on Signals, Coding,
  Systems and Intelligent Techniques

Title: Automatic labelling of facial features

Author(s): Juan Pablo de la Cruz Gutiérrez

Address: Infineon Technologies AG, Otto-Hahn Ring, 6, 81738, Munich, Germany

Reference: 12th International Workshop on Systems, Signals and Image Processing pp. 139 - 142

Abstract/Summary: This paper presents a first step towards the detection of facial features as well as full faces in still images. Facial features are characterized by their local visual properties. Local structure of images is extracted by projecting local image regions on a set of Gabor wavelets. Resulting coefficients are then fed into a self-organizing map (SOM) for classification, a neural network model able to automatically categorize input data extracting its most meaningful characteristics through a nonlinear and quickly converging process. The resulting mapping from feature space into the neural layer is ordered, meaning that the spatial distribution of categories responds to similarities in terms of some metric defined in the feature space. Therefore, this technique additionally provides us with insights about the statistical properties of our data. Experiments are tested on still images extracted from the audio-visual database CUAVE, in which subjects are allowed to change head pose as they speak, adding further difficulties to our approach. As starting point, we focus on the detection and localization of lips. Current results and insights on the limitations of present implementation are discussed.

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