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Art therapy techniques as a novel creative method for exploring design for home happiness by Emily Corrigan-Kavanagh, Carolina Escobar Tello Abstract: Home can play a central role in influencing societal practices, being, among other conceptualisations, a social system supportive of basic and psychological needs. Art therapy techniques can be used for exploring home happiness from this perspective. They appear to enable the identification of systemic facilitators of happy home moments, informing design opportunities. This paper discusses art therapy techniques as a new tailored creative method for exploring this within design research. It begins by describing relevant home and happiness concepts, art therapy techniques and similar creative methods. This is followed by an explanation of how art therapy approaches were used to examine practices for home happiness. Subsequently, research results are highlighted, such as how 'design for home happiness' can create applicable design products and services. Finally, implications of employing art therapy techniques in 'designing for home happiness' are suggested. Keywords: art therapy techniques; design tools; research methods; home; designing for home happiness; creative methods.
Using a multi-context design approach as manifestation of complexity: perceptions and experiences of students in design engineering by Wouter Kersten, Jan Diehl, Jo M.L. Van Engelen Abstract: In recent years, awareness that design students need to be better equipped to deal with complexity has increased. The practical implications for design education are less evident. While students appreciate explicit methods and tools, we argue that they have to learn to work with ambiguity and interconnections as well. We performed research on the differences that advanced design students experience in terms of process and outcome when switching from self-chosen familiar tool-supported design methods to using a less familiar and less prescriptive multi-contextual approach. The latter represents our chosen manifestation of possible real-life complexity in design challenges. The reflections show a diversity of non-parametric patterns. In general, the intentional multi-context approach was appreciated for its positive effect on encouraging creativity and quality of the results. The reflections raise several points of attention when addressing the concept of complexity with design students in education curricula. Keywords: complexity; design education; reductionism; systematic variation; interconnections; multi-contextual approach; diversity of requirements; patterns; simplification; design for diversity; creativity. DOI: 10.1504/JDR.2019.10019100