Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development

International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development (IJTLID)

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International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development (6 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Reverse engineering as a driver to enhance productivity and technological capability of manufacturing firms in developing countries: a literature review   Order a copy of this article
    by Yichalewal Gebremariyam, Daniel Kitaw, Frank Ebinger 
    Abstract: This research deals with the role of reverse engineering /RE/ in enhancing productivity (product quality and processing time improvements) and technological capability (TC) of manufacturing firms in developing countries (DCs). Using a systematic reviewing approach, the authors investigated several definitions of RE. Besides, they raised novel debating concepts, i.e., the controversy between advocates and opponents concerning the role of RE and the legality issues on the adoption of the practice. The review process revealed the absence of a holistic definition of RE that can address the state-of-the-art, and the negative impact of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) to adopt RE practice in DCs manufacturing firms. The researchers believe that the adapted holistic definition of RE is helpful to understand the comprehensive role of the practice in enhancing product quality, processing time, and technical capability improvements, and to fill the knowledge gap on the concepts misunderstandings by convincing opponents about RE not as theft but as a driver to transfer knowledge and technology. The research also recommends how the bottlenecks on the legality issues can be resolved through the revision of IPRs from the context of DCs.
    Keywords: reverse engineering; productivity; technological capability; manufacturing firms; developing countries.

  • Benchmarking the Nigerian private innovation incubators: Analysis of the influence of firm age, firm size, and employee qualification on their innovation activities   Order a copy of this article
    by Babasile Daniel Oladele-Emmanuel 
    Abstract: There is no doubt that innovation is integral to the development and competitiveness of nations and firms. The significance of innovation is partly due to the influence of innovation incubators (IIs). IIs are significant interfacial firms that contribute to the transfer of technologies from inventors to the commercial sector. Existing literature on the contribution of IIs in Nigeria focused on government-funded technology-based incubators, whereas no study has investigated the impact of privately owned IIs. Since this is a novel study in the Nigerian context, we employed a mixed methods research approach. Qualitative data were gathered from private IIs (PIIs), and cross-tabulation analysis was used to test the relationships between the variables. The study reveals that firm size influences the ability of PIIs to generate funds through self-funding and their ability to generate revenue from their innovation expenditure.
    Keywords: Innovation Incubators; Private Incubators; Innovation metrics; Firm Age; Firm Size; Employee qualification; Nigeria.

  • DEVELOPING AN INTEGRATED MODEL FOR ASSESSMENT OF TOURISM, TRANSPORTATION AND ECONOMY IN SMALL HERITAGE SITES   Order a copy of this article
    by Aditi Nag, Satyaki Sarkar 
    Abstract: Heritage management, tourism, transportation, sustainability, economy and community participation are intricately associated. These factors tend to rely more on each other in small conservation-deprived heritage sites. The factors mentioned above, along with sustainability factors involving the economic, environmental, community, social, institutional and resources, are conventionally dependent on each other for upgrading heritage sites to deserving levels for tourism and making them competitive. The established tourism flow models studied in the literature review showed the application of various techniques like Principle Component Analysis, Confirmatory Factor Analysis, dynamic data regression analysis, and the likes. The paper is aimed to develop a universal methodology involving Analytical Hierarchical Processing, gravity model approach, dynamic panel data regression, and econometric modelling and regression analysis. The deficiencies analysed from various literature helped to develop the final model by replacing all motor or vehicular factors with mobilization and further reinforcing the same with freedom index of location choice. It evaluates the significance of transport infrastructure in ascertaining the tourism attractiveness of heritage sites. The model and the analysis techniques develop a positive outcome in sectors of tourism, transportation, and economic development in small heritage towns.
    Keywords: Tourism model; Conservation; Heritage management; Transportation; Economy; Small heritage sites.

  • Determinants of Technological Learning by Firms in the Nigerian Garment Industry   Order a copy of this article
    by Foluso Adeyinka 
    Abstract: Firms acquire technological learning either formally or informally to enhance capabilities for better performance and competitiveness. This paper utilized secondary data from the 2014/2015 World Bank Enterprise Survey Database, complemented with a case study of a lead firm in the Nigerian garment industry to gain better understanding and present insights into technological learning mechanisms. Formal technological learning, in the form of Research and Development, is undertaken by few firms in the industry while majority undertake informal modes of technological learning. The logit results on determinants of technological learning by firms in the Nigerian garment industry showed training of employees; firms located in an industrial park; joint ownership of firms; and the level of education of top manager as significant factors. Technological learning by firms requires the commitment of the firms and support of relevant stakeholders including the government.
    Keywords: Firm-level; Garment Industry; Nigeria; Research and Development; Technological Learning.

  • Technological Collaborations Model in Iranian Automotive Industry: Developing an Open Source Hardware Platform   Order a copy of this article
    by Massoud Shabaab, Mohammal Ali Keramati, Abbas Toloie Eshlaghy 
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to provide the model of technological collaboration in automotive research and development to develop a common hardware platform. The present research seeks to answer the question of what are the variables and parameters to create a technological collaborations model in order to develop an open source hardware platform in automotive research and development. Furthermore, the research would be configured an optimal model for maximizing the research and development efficiency considering the cost and value. The research and development network in the Iranian automotive industry was selected as a statistical population that included different levels of developers, aggregators and automaker. In order to conduct the research, the methods of Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (FCM) and mathematical modeling were used according to the need in two phases. Based on the research findings, optimal relationships between different members were formed as within and between groups in terms of cost and value and according to the optimal model, the impacts of this interactions led to forming a common platform with minimum cost and maximum value. Technological collaborations in research and development networks are prevalent, but developing an open hardware platform in automotive research and development and determining an optimized community based on a multiplex network is new in this work.
    Keywords: Technological Collaborations; Automotive Research and Development; Open Innovation; Open Platform; Open Source Hardware; Multiplex Networks; Multilayer Networks; Open design.

  • Technology Upgrading in Chinese Manufacturing A cross-industry perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Guowei Dong, Björn Jindra, Ari Kokko 
    Abstract: This explorative article contributes by investigating technology upgrading in 23 manufacturing industries in China 19952015. We find not only industry-specific trends in the intensity of technology upgrading but also variations in terms of global interactions. Whereas Chinese manufacturing industries differ considerably when it comes to the relevance of foreign actors for the commercialization of frontier technology, the sourcing of foreign technology by Chinese actors remains low in all industries. In addition, we find positive relations between the intensity of technology upgrading and imports, inward FDI, and outward FDI at the industry level. However, there are no strong signs of a corresponding link between technology upgrading and revealed comparative advantages in exports. Moreover, we find only weak evidence of faster technology upgrading in the industries identified as strategic by the Chinese government.
    Keywords: Technology upgrading; Manufacturing; China; trade; FDI; Industrial Policy.