International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development
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International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development (2 papers in press)
Validating the Dynamic Relationship between Technological Innovation and Economic Growth in Malaysia by Hussain Ali Bekhet Abstract: Technological innovation is a dynamic growth factor to achieve sustainable development. This study aims to explore the long- and short-run relationship between technological innovation and Malaysias sustainable growth from 1980 to 2015. Augmented Cobb-Douglas production function is used to scale the technological innovation and economic growth link. The F-bounds test and VECM Granger causality are employed. The dynamic relationships among the gross domestic product, capital, employment, electricity consumption, technological innovation, technological innovation squared and governance institution quality variables; and the nonlinear relationship between technological innovation and economic growth are studied. The study confirms the existence of long-run relationship among the variables and the link between technological innovation and economic growth has an inverted U-shape. Also, technological innovation, technological innovation squared, and governance institution quality Granger-cause economic growth in the long and short run, together with capital, employment and electricity consumption. Therefore, continuous plans and policies are very much needed to drive technological innovation evolution in Malaysia, so the tide is slowly turning. Keywords: technological innovation; governance institution quality; elasticity; Granger causality; sustainable growth; Malaysia.
EXPLORING DRIVING FACTORS AND CHALLENGES OF INNOVATION IN SERVICE FIRMS: EVIDENCE FROM KOSOVO
by Lura Rexhepi Mahmutaj, Berim Ramosaj, Besnik Krasniqi Abstract: Today, successful implementation of innovation within Small and Medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) has been a subject of great interest among authors. The purpose of this study is to explore the driving factors and challenges of innovation in the context of SMEs in the service sector. This study follows qualitative research with twenty-one SMEs in Kosovo from the service sector. Using NVivo software, our findings suggest that the main drivers of innovation are innovation budget, employees skills, top management support and dealing with employees resistance to change. On the other hand, the main challenges, which may impede SMEs to innovate comprise of cost-related factors, market conditions, as well as lack of skilled human resources. The results imply that human skills and technology acquisition, as well as government policies are important contextual factors to improve SMEs innovation performance. Keywords: SMEs; innovation; service industry; Kosovo; qualitative study.