International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development (8 papers in press)
Entrepreneurial Capabilities of Successful Firms: A Study of Small and Medium-scale Equipment Manufacturers in Nairobi, Kenya
by Radha Upadhyaya, Dorothy McCormick
Abstract: It is widely recognised that a favourable business environment helps businesses to survive and thrive in developing countries. Yet it is also true that some businesses manage to succeed even in places where the business environment is less than ideal. How does this happen? What capabilities have enabled successful entrepreneurs to overcome the challenges of their environment? To answer this question, this study explored the entrepreneurial capabilities of a group of 19 successful metalworking firms manufacturing food processing equipment in Nairobi. Theoretically the study is rooted in the resource-based view of the firm, which recognises both tangible and intangible resources as drivers of success and defines capabilities as the ability to use resources productively. The studys research design followed a mixed methods approach, using both the answers to a survey questionnaire and results of a set of qualitative interviews. The survey showed that the majority of firms attribute their success to the vision and leadership of the entrepreneur. The case study interviews revealed qualities such as flexibility, adaptability, and resilience to be key entrepreneurial capabilities. The study highlights four particular capabilities: capability to envision and lead into the future; resilience, flexibility, and adaptability; ability to hire and retain skilled workers; and ability to design products and processes. Theoretically, the paper largely upholds the resource-based view of the firm. An interesting note is that firms perspectives on capabilities emphasise the softer capabilities of entrepreneurs, which reside mainly in the knowledge-based strand of the resource-based view. The findings have implications for theory, policy, and further research.
Keywords: entrepreneurship; industrialisation; firm capabilities; equipment manufacturing firms; Kenya; industrial policy.
Investigating the impact of technology and training on new service development through the mediating role of innovative behavior
by Iman Akour, Islam Bourini, Rawan Abukhait
Abstract: The current study investigates the impacts of orientation towards technological innovation and innovation-oriented training on development on new service development through the mediating role of Innovative Behaviour. Thus, data were collected and analyzed from 303 full-time employees working in the United Arab Emirates service sector. The data analyzed by using smart partial least square and the results reveal that Orientation Towards Technological Innovation (OTTI) and Innovation-Oriented Training and Development (IOTD) significantly influenced innovative employee behaviors, which consequently affect new service development. Moreover, innovative behaviors found to play a mediating role in the relationship between orientation towards technological innovation and innovation-oriented training, development, and new service development. These findings provide implications for managers about how to enhance a new service development program through technology, training, and innovative employee behaviors within developing economies.
Keywords: Innovative Behavior; Orientation Towards Technological Innovation; New Service Development; and Innovation-Oriented Training and Development.
Exploring the Drivers of Digital Financial Inclusion: An Empirical Analysis based on Interprovincial Panel Data in China
by Xiaoling Song, Yage Jing, Kadeerya Akebaerjiang
Abstract: With rapid technological innovation, digital financial inclusion offers the advantages of wide geographical coverage, high availability, low cost, and strong sustainability. Developing countries are increasingly making significant achievements toward greater financial inclusion. This study empirically examined the factors driving the development of digital inclusion finance in China, a major developing country. We performed co-integrated panel regressions on national and regional data from 31 provinces in China from 2011 to 2018. We found that the level of economic development, government intervention, Internet penetration, and credit market development can significantly affect the level of digital financial inclusion in China; however, the degree of influence varies in different provinces. We propose that developing countries should strengthen their policy support and supervision of digital financial inclusion while encouraging the development of their economies and motivate the innovation and upgrading of the domestic financial industry for vigorous development of digital financial inclusion.
Keywords: Developing countries; Digital financial inclusion; Co-integrated panel regression; Financial innovation.
In search of a product innovation work process for non-assembled products
by Thomas Lager, Christopher Don Simms
Abstract: The family of process industries embodies multiple industrial sectors and make up an important part of the entire manufacturing industries of particular importance for late-industrializing countries. In a review of the extant literature on product innovation work processes and best practice innovation of non-assembled products, an integrated conceptual framework has been developed. The novel framework is proposed to guide and invigorate company development and design of individualized product innovation work processes more adapted to process-industrial contextual and innovation conditions. Due to the coupling between products and the production systems in the process industries, it is concluded that development of new products must be better integrated with the development of necessary production capabilities in an end-to-end work process perspective. Research on fuzzy front-end of process-industrial product innovation has been amalgamated but it is demonstrated that more attention should be paid to industrialization and market launch; here denominated the bumpy back-end.
Keywords: Process industry; Manufacturing industry; Product innovation; Process Innovation; Work process; Fuzzy front end; Bumpy back end; Industrialization.
Technological capability building in Iranian biosimilar industry
by Razieh Ahmady, Gholamhossein Mehralian, Farzad Peiravian
Abstract: The development of technological capability plays a strategic role in industrialization and catch-up in developing countries. However, the emergence of new technologies, coupled with industries' ever-shifting business models, has affected the processes and factors critical to the formation of technological capability. In this context, the present study seeks to investigate the pattern of technological capability building in the Iranian firms to the emergence of the biosimilar sector in the pharmaceutical market. Drawing on a case study strategy, the findings reveal that the path of capability evolution in Iranian firms is shaped by a gradual movement towards acquiring biosimilar capabilities. This paper also shows that firms relying on a combination of indigenous research and development as well as technological collaborations make most progress in the capability building. Furthermore, scientific collaborations with research institutes, hiring experts in biotechnology and organizational capability development are key strategies contributing to the accumulation of technological capabilities in Iranian biosimilar firms.
Keywords: Technology transfer; Technological capabilities; Biosimilar industry; Developing countries; Case study; Pharmaceutical industry.
Harnessing African Indigenous Knowledge (AIK) for Managing the Covid-19 Pandemic in Africa.
by OLAWALE RAFIU OLAOPA
Abstract: The consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic have forced many nations to strengthen or completely overhaul their healthcare systems. However, to ensure a truly healthy future and efficient health systems worldwide, and in Africa especially, this requires more innovative health management systems and care for treating ailments predicated in peoples IK. This paper aims to innovatively explore and examine the role of traditions and practices in influencing community and individual perceptions of health and illness, prevention, cure and management of Covid-19. It uses a qualitative research method and employs tripartite-theoretical frameworks of analysis: Ethno-medical Model; Explanatory Model; and Health Promotion Model. It emerged that harnessing societys extant indigenous knowledge and identifying areas of improvement through genuine practices, means that the danger posed by Covid-19 can be curtailed through indigenous curative measures and initiatives. Meanwhile an IK-Informed Systems of health management model for Covid-19 and general health management will be devised. Thus, incorporating or balancing this with scientific knowledge, in an environmentally sustainable way will benefit all stakeholders.
Keywords: Covid-19; indigenous knowledge; innovative health management system; scientific knowledge.
Enhancing the Efficiency of Intellectual Property Management: A Case Study of Leading Research Institute in Korea
by Insoo Han, Roh Poong-Du, Keunyeob Oh
Abstract: This paper suggests a route to achieving such a balance between enhancement of IP rights and the administrative costs, through analysis of the case of the Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), which is a leading research institute for information and communications technology (ICT) in Korea.rnThis paper first describes the overall vision, performance, and the challenges facing ETRI with respect to IP management. Then, it presents strategies and techniques to deal with these challenges. Secondly, the performance of the enhanced IP management strategy is analyzed using the Data Envelopment Analysis method. The results showed that ETRI successfully increased its profitability and efficiency. Finally, some guidelines for efficient IP management are suggested based on the study findings. These will be useful for other firms and research institutes in more advanced countries, as well as in developing countries where IP management is a top priority of policymakers.rn
Keywords: Intellectual property; IP management strategy; patent; ICT; The Electronics and rnTelecommunications Research Institute (ETRI); Korearn.
The power of not-knowing and our experiencing for adaptability and innovation-in-practice
by Patrícia Cristina Do Nascimento Souto
Abstract: This conceptual study is concerned with core conditions for responding innovatively or adaptively in an ever-changing, increasingly complex, ambiguous and non-linear work context. In such context, we need to constantly adapt and innovate. For such, what is more appropriate is a practice-based way of knowing and locally responding, adapting or innovating, that is, a knowing-as-we-go, not before we go, which inherently requires (a) an attentive awareness of the particular experiencing we are in and its unfolding, (b) a not-knowing way of being. However, most of the time we are disconnected from our practical experiencing, from what is going on, and our western thinking disregard, avoid and have difficulties in a not-knowing way of being, both for varied reasons. The main contribution includes understanding innovation-in-practice as a skilled knowing-as-we-go process, for which the power of awareness of our practical experiencing and a not-knowing way of being in it are core conditions.
Keywords: not-knowing; knowing-as-we-go; innovation-in-practice; knowing-in-practice; adaptability; knowing; knowledge creation; innovation; creativity; awareness; attention; perception; beginner’s mind; wayfinding; learning.