International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development
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International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development (4 papers in press)
A schema to describe mechanisms of the co-evolution of Global Value Chains and Systems of Innovation by Telmo Ghiorzi Abstract: Global Value Chains (GVC) and Systems of Innovation (SI) are concepts developed based on
distinct theoretical frameworks. However, recent researches suggest that they co-evolve and
that the quality of the SI influences upgrading in GVC. In spite of evidences of this co-evolution,
the mechanisms by which it happens are not yet fully understood nor described. Building on a
framework outlining the interactions of SI, GVC and Technological Capabilites of firms, this
article proposes a schema by which the functional approach of SI is used to describe the
mechanisms of these interactions. The proposed schema is applied to the Brazilian Oil and
Gas Sector to illustrate some conceptual aspects of the co-evolution of GVC and SI and how
it can contribute to firms strategy formulation and innovation policy making. Keywords: global value chains; governance; upgrading; systems of innovation; functions of systems of innovation; oil and gas.
Firm size, R&D Expenditure, and International Orientation: An Empirical Analysis of Performance of Indian Firms by Abhishek Kumar Sinha, Aswini Kumar Mishra, Yash Patel Abstract: We examine the Schumpeterian hypothesis that large firms have an advantage in research and development. Using CMIE Prowess data of S&P BSE index, the firms are segregated as per the market capitalisation into Large, Mid and Small Cap firms. We analyse the financial performance of these firms for the post-reform period in India (1992-2017). The study finds that the R&D expenditure has statistically significant effects on firms' total income when either fixed industry effects or fixed year effects are taken into account. The income of the firms is also determined by the export earnings and total imports but with less impact than R&D. The results also show that outward-oriented firms have a greater tendency to spend on research and development expenses. Results from quantile regression suggest that the firms in the higher quantile have statistically higher significant effects of R&D expenditure and outward orientation, on firms total income than the firms in the relatively lower quantile. Keywords: R&D expenditure; R&D intensity; Firm Performance; Firm size; Exports; S&P BSE index; Industry fixed effects; Year fixed effects; Outward orientation; Quantile regression.
Innovation Framework for Control System Integrators: a pathway to seize new services opportunities in the context of Industry 4.0 by Marcos Barbosa, Mario Salerno, Sergio Pereira Abstract: Industry 4.0 presents a significant opportunity for Control System Integrators (CSI) service innovation as there will be a wide range of new services to be implemented in the automation of industries, where CSI are considered key players. This paper investigated how service innovation happens, what are the drivers and dynamic capabilities for CSI to innovate, proposing an innovation framework grounded in research and in real business practices. The methodology used was a multiple case study approach based on interviews with three of the most experienced CSI companies in Brazil. Our main findings indicate that CSI innovation is boosted by specific innovation drivers that were differential for these companies because they have developed a set of dynamic capabilities throughout their individual histories. By using our proposed framework, CSI may have a reliable tool to guide their service innovation management. Keywords: Innovation Framework; Control System Integrators; Innovation drivers; Dynamic Capabilities; Industry 4.0.
Innovation in Public Sector Organizations: A Preliminary Literature Review and Some Implications for Research in Developing Countries by Ludwig Miguel Berdejo Abstract: The relationship between the innovative capabilities of public sector organizations and the underlying learning processes has only recently been explored in the research in public sector innovation. This paper presents a preliminary literature review of empirical studies published in the last two decades focused on organizational learning and innovative capabilities within the area of public sector innovation. This review shows the advances in the study of organizational learning efforts improving existed innovative capabilities and organizational performance, mostly in the context of advanced economies. However, the process through which organizations engage in efforts to build innovative capabilities has hardly been explored. Allegedly, public sector organizations in developing countries will greatly benefit by exploring the process of innovative capability building, the underlying role of learning, and its outcomes. This review contributes to our understanding of innovation in public sector organizations and the process of innovative capability building, providing suggestions for future research. Keywords: public sector; innovation capabilities; developing countries; learning.