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International Journal of Sustainable Design (4 papers in press)
Uncertainties in Socially Responsible Design: A Consequentialist Approach by Anders Haug, Jacob Busch Abstract: In recent decades, a plethora of books and papers on socially responsible design has emerged. This literature, however, is far from having solved the environmental and social problems faced by the world today. More specifically, although socially responsible design initiatives may have the best intentions, they often have minimal, if any, positive impact. A central reason for this is the uncertainties associated with the effects of such designs, which is also often used as an argument against initiating more ambitious projects. To be able to choose a more ambitious path, we need to better understand the uncertainties associated with socially responsible designs and to reconsider the ethical assumptions guiding our choices. This issue is addressed by defining a framework for understanding uncertainties associated with such projects and by arguing for a consequentialist ethics to govern socially responsible design. Keywords: socially responsible design; sustainable design; design ethics; uncertainty; risk; product design.
DIY MATERIALS FROM POTATO SKIN WASTE FOR DESIGN by Carlo Santulli, Carla Langella, Clarita Caliendo Abstract: This work concerns the creation of a wall display for fruits, made in a DIY material structure, as the result of a material tinkering process over waste to enable understanding possible application in a design context. The material and object is obtained starting from potato skins, as an example of waste very frequent in the food processing chain, in most local contexts. The display is specifically designed in a double layer configuration, partially translucent, colored with food dyes and aromatized during the experimentation phase to ensure its suitability to the purpose. Some basic characterization tests were also performed to allow for the possible development of a customized product from this material demonstrator. The process, in giving some value to a typical and very diffuse food chain waste, would therefore guarantee the upcycling of the relevant refuse. The structure is intended for application into a context of farm holiday site and aimed at presenting local products, ideally coming from the very farm fields involved. Keywords: Potato skin waste; material tinkering; fruit display; DIY material.
CONCEPTUALIZING A POSITIONING FRAMEWORK FOR SMART CITIES IN AN EMERGING ECONOMY by Bikramjit Rishi, Archit Kacker Abstract: In June 2015, the Smart Cities Mission was launched in India and it was considered as Prime Minister Narendra Modis pet project. The plan was to rejuvenate 100 cities into Smart Cities in India. But before getting into the work of smart city, it is vital for us to understand the concept of smart city and how this could be applied in the Indian Context. The study synthesizes the existing literature to drive the meaning of smart city and designing a positioning framework. Majorly all the literature sources have searched out to find out the relevant literature by using the terms like smart city, framework for a smart city/cities, meaning of a smart city, smart city design and so on. A literature map has been created to drive the positioning framework. The study found out that the word Smart City arouses different sentiments in the mind of people. The concept of a smart city is so huge that there is no globally accepted definition. The study proposes six frameworks can be applied to understand the positioning of a smart city; these frameworks are Smart Technology, Smart Economy, Smart Governance, Smart Mobility, Smart Environment, and Smart Community. Each framework has certain characteristics that form the actual parameters based on which the work needs to be done. However, these parameters are not independent of each other; rather, there exists a level of interconnectivity between them. Existing literature only defines the smart city but do not provide a positioning framework which can help in ranking the cities on the basis of framework data. These rankings can be helpful for builders to invest and for consumers to buy properties in an emerging market like India. rnrn Keywords: Smart City; Positioning; Smart Technology; Smart Governance; Smart mobility.
Environmental assessment in the conceptual design phase of new product development by Marcelo Ruy, Dario Alliprandini, Gabriela Scur Abstract: Many studies have shown the importance of incorporating environmental issues into the process of new product development (NPD). However, a critical review of the existing literature on this subject reveals a lack of methods and tools used to evaluate environmental criteria during the initial phases of product design, specifically, the conceptual design phase and concept selection stage. The objective of this manuscript is to present a framework for the environmental evaluation of product concepts based on design for environment (DfE), with an emphasis on tangible products. The proposed framework could enhance the effectiveness of implementing DfE strategies in the product development process, especially in the conceptual design phase. The framework was based on DfE strategies related to the physical dimension of products and the analytical hierarchy process (AHP). This is one of the very first studies to present a framework for selecting a concept that best meets DfE criteria from a product life cycle perspective and offers the potential to be expanded to multiple manufacturers. Keywords: conceptual design; concept environmental assessment; DfE strategy; eco-design; Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP).