International Journal of Integrated Supply Management (16 papers in press)
SOURCING STRATEGY ACROSS PRODUCT LIFE CYCLESTAGES: RELEVANCE OF MULTIPLE-MODE GOVERNANCE
by Santosh Kumar Mahapatra, Ram Narasimhan, Tomas Hult
Abstract: Although researchers have used multiple organization theories such as transaction cost theory (TCT), resource-based view (RBV), social exchange theory (SET) and resource dependence theory (RDT) to understand governance mechanisms used in sourcing, our understanding of the effectiveness of various sourcing governance mechanisms in a dynamic business context have been inadequate. This is partly because the contextual dynamics has not been kept in perspective while utilizing different theories in studies concerning various governance mechanisms. Inadequate consideration of the contextual dynamics has affected the ability to decide the right governance mechanisms over time. As a remedy, we delineate a conceptual framework that considers simultaneous use of multiple modes of governance and their adjustment over time to match the dynamic business contingencies. We incorporate the product life cycle (PLC) framework in characterizing the contextual dynamics of sourcing and use TCT, RBV, SET and RDT tenets to argue that use of multiple-modes of governance can be effective in addressing evolving sourcing needs over time. Our study contributes to theory development by explaining the whys, how and when of multiple-modes governance over time. Managerial implications, limitations and future research opportunities are also discussed.
Keywords: Product Life Cycle; Organization Theory; Governance Mechanism; Risk Aversion; Sourcing Strategy.
Integrating Intellectual Capital Across Supply Chains: An Innovation Perspective
by Eman Nasr, Kalyani Menon, Hamid Noori
Abstract: This paper studies how supply chain knowledge and human factors can be integrated for better innovation performance. It studies the extent to which compatibility in the organizational and human capital held by buyer-seller firms drives radical and incremental innovation amidst relational, social and power dynamics present in the supply chain. The paper introduces two new constructs: organizational capital similarity and human capital similarity. Data was obtained using a web-administered survey of purchasing managers in Canada, and CFA/PLS was used to test the hypotheses. Results indicate that the management of intellectual capital to drive incremental and radical innovation in supply chains should focus on building organizational capital similarity and human capital similarity respectively. Power exercise decreases radical innovation while not impacting incremental innovation; and relational social capital increases both forms of innovation.
Keywords: Supply Chain Integration; Supplier Relationships; Supply chain management; Supply Chain Performance/Innovation; Intellectual capital.
Supplier Selection in Multiple Sourcing: A Proactive Approach to Manage the Supply Chain Risk
by Zohreh Khojasteh Ghamari
Abstract: Literature shows that Supply Chain Risk Management (SCRM) has often been involved with increased costs. However, in this paper, we propose a proactive approach to manage the Supply Chain Risk (SCR) with minimal or no cost increases. The basis of this SCRM strategy is dual-sourcing. Moreover, we limit the selection of suppliers with their associated risks by considering suppliers locations, corporate groups, and next tier suppliers. We test the model with different datasets to examine the relationships between suppliers costs, corporate group membership, location, and downstream supply chain. In certain conditions, by adding an insignificant amount of cost, our proposed model can design a robust supply chain network. Finally, to demonstrate the applicability of the model, we propose a method to quantify the probability of risk before and after each stage of our model. The results illustrate the impact of our model and scenarios with the best outcome.
Keywords: Supply chain risk management; Supplier selection; Mixed integer linear programming; Risk quantification; Double sourcing.
Coronavirus (COVID-19 / SARS-CoV-2) and supply chain resilience: A research note
by Dmitry Ivanov, Ajay Das
Cloud-Based Technology for Small and Medium Scale Enterprises : A Decision-making Paradigm using IPA, AHP and Fuzzy-AHP Techniques
by Prashanth Nair, S.P. Anbuudayasankar, Srikanthan Ramesh, Karthik Margabandu, Siva Karthik N, Indu Kumar
Abstract: Small and Medium scale Enterprises (SME) are the backbone of the world economy. In todays challenging and dynamic business environment, popularly referred to as Volatility, Uncertainty, Complexity and Ambiguity (VUCA), SMEs need to continually adopt technological solutions to stay competitive. Cloud computing is a disruptive ICT tool which helps SMEs to effectively adapt. However widespread adoption of cloud computing in SMEs is elusive. In this paper, we analyse the attributes that influence the adoption of cloud computing in SMEs using techniques like IPA, AHP & Fuzzy-AHP. IPA is used to identify areas of improvement for service providers as also improve their efficiency. AHP is used to rank different attributes of the technology in order of preference from an SME's perspective. Both results are studied conjointly thereby re-iterating the importance of certain attributes of the technology so as to help managers devise strategies to increase the adoption of cloud-based technologies.
Keywords: IPA; AHP; Fuzzy-AHP; Cloud-Based Supply Chain Management; SMEs; Information and Communication Technology (ICT); Cloud Computing.
Contributions of Industry 4.0 to Lean Management within the Supply Chain Operations Reference Model
by Julian M. Müller, Hendrik S. Birkel
Abstract: Industry 4.0 describes a concept for horizontal and vertical interconnection on the basis of cyber-physical systems and the internet of things. The implementation within single factories has been given predominant consideration so far, but the implications across entire supply chains are less understood. Likewise, lean management principles have been partially described as a prerequisite for Industry 4.0, but also as being in conflict with the aims of Industry 4.0. In response, this paper presents the results of a systematic literature review, highlighting the potentials of Industry 4.0 for lean management within the six dimensions of the supply chain operations reference (SCOR) model. Further, potentially contradictory aspects of Industry 4.0 and lean management are presented, in particular regarding the implementation of Industry 4.0 across the supply chain, and ecological and social aspects that are in conflict with economic targets of lean management. Thereupon, the paper presents avenues for future research and managerial practice.
Keywords: Industry 4.0; Industrial Internet of Things; Lean Management; SCOR model; Supply Chain Operations Reference Model; Supply Chain Management.
The Impact of Industry 4.0 on Sustainability and the Circular Economy Reporting Requirements
by Sukhraj Takhar, Kapila Liyanage
Abstract: The traditional linear economic system focuses on the mass production of products, using available resources, at the lowest possible cost. Sustainability recognizes the impact of dwindling natural resources, as a result of mass production and directs us towards the use of more sustainable resources. The Circular Economy (CE) proposes the adoption of an open loop manufacturing system where products are designed using resources which enable products to be repaired, reused, repurposed and recycled. To analyse the impacts of sustainability and CE initiatives, accurate data needs to be collected. Industry 4.0 promotes interconnectivity, enabling real-time data collection, communication and data analytics. This paper contributes to existing literature by identifying a research gap on how sustainability and CE model data reporting needs may be met using Industry 4.0 technologies. Using a literature review and survey on real-world adoption, a set of reporting requirements for sustainability and CE models are identified- The conclusions provide an assessment of how Industry 4.0 may aid reporting needs.
Keywords: Circular economy; Industry 4.0; Intelligent manufacturing; Sustainability; Supply chain management.
Impacts of Industry 4.0 in Sustainable Food Manufacturing and Supply Chain
by Olumide Olajide Ojo, Satya Shah, Alec Coutroubis
Abstract: Integration of Sustainability and sustainable practices have been of paramount importance within most manufacturers' supply chain environment globally. Apart from the fact that every organisation now use this to improve on their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), this is also used as an opportunity to manage production and services within most firms efficiently. This sustainability is now a strategy adopted by most businesses to meet their customers' expectation considering the sustainable society awareness of which food manufacturing is not an exception. The use of several innovative strategies and incorporation of Industry 4.0 has been employed by some food manufacturers to meet up with this sustainability. This paper through a research study aims to bridge the interconnection between Industry 4.0 and sustainable practices within food manufacturing supply chain environments. This paper through a research study seeks to bridge the interconnection between Industry 4.0 and sustainable practices within food manufacturing supply chain environments
Keywords: Food Manufacturing; Industry 4.0; Logistics; Supply Chain; Sustainability; Sustainable Production; Corporate Social Responsibility.
Special Issue on: OSCM 2018 Sustainable Supply Chains and Circular Economy
Factors influencing Information and Communication Technology diffusion in Nigerias transport and logistics industry:an exploratory study .
by Anthony Ezenwa, Anthony Whiteing, Daniel Johnson, Akunna Oledinma
Abstract: Modern transport and logistics management is replete with the applications of advancements of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). However, the barriers to ICT innovation diffusion in the industry are widely acknowledged, particularly in the context of developing countries. Although ICT innovation diffusion reflects a continuum of conditional forces that coalesce around institutional forces; how different locally-evolved factors are influencing ICT diffusion in the developing logistics markets remains an under-researched issue. Moreover, ICT innovation acceptability and operative constraints of various stakeholders in the industry also remains a subject of concern. This paper combines primary qualitative studies (focus group discussion and in-depth expert interviews) to explore (i) how institutional forces in Nigeria are influencing ICT diffusion in the transport and logistics industry, using evidence from the local 3PL SMEs, (ii) the perceptions of the relevant stakeholders concerning ICT diffusion challenges in the industry and their roles in modulating them. The systematic analyses of the qualitative data, including content, thematic, magnitude coding, and interpretative procedures provide a useful way of understanding the mechanisms influencing ICT diffusion in Nigeria's transport and logistics industry and where discourses differ. In exploring the views of the stakeholders, one can observe that institutional forces are more oriented towards complexity than predictability, doing little to address either the structural challenges of the industry or the operational threats of the local logistics operators. The study concludes by illustrating that a turn towards institutional voids thinking will help advance sustainable ways to mitigate ICT diffusion challenges in the Nigerian transport and logistics industry.
Keywords: ICT; diffusion; 3PL SMEs; Nigeria; transport and logistics industry; innovation.
Drivers and barriers of consumer purchase intention of remanufactured mobile phones: a study on Indonesian consumers
by Didik Wahjudi, Shu San Gan, Yopi Yusuf Tanoto, Jerry Winata
Abstract: Remanufacturing is widely practiced because it reduces landfill, saves energy, and conserves natural resources. Little effort is given to exploring the acceptance of remanufactured products, especially the short life-cycle ones. Indonesia, the fourth largest mobile phone users, need to tackle the vast WEEE deriving from obsolete mobile phones. This study investigates drivers and barriers of consumer purchase intention for remanufactured mobile phones. Thirteen respondents were interviewed, representing different age groups, genders, and social classes. The key drivers are the affordable price, upgraded specification, and product warranty, while the regulatory concern, trend concern, and obsolescence concern are the main barriers. Perceived quality and quality assurance can be both drivers and barriers, depending on the level. This study recommends remanufacturers to focus on providing upgraded specification at an affordable price and providing information about the remanufacturing process. This study also argues the urgency for the government to enforce rigorous regulation against counterfeit products.
Keywords: remanufacturing; mobile phone; short life-cycle product; case study; Indonesia.
Circular Economy Business Model Design
by Arman Hakim Nasution, Mucharromatul Aula, Dewie Saktia Ardiantono
Abstract: The increasing influence of sustainability in the practice of supply chain management and operations can be attributed to the fact that the existing stakeholders within the organization are required to gain strong economic performance and be responsible for environmental and social performance. The implementation of circular economy in Indonesia has become one of the government's attention. This is evidenced by the master plan of circular economy implementation made until 2025. Although the masterplan that has been made is still focused on manufacturing companies, in this study, the author took a gap in the field of agribusiness, especially in the dairy industry. This research will conduct an optimal design of Circular Business Model Canvas (CBMC) for the dairy industry with expert opinion, calculated a prediction of new potential revenue streams of redesign result, and the relationship between circular economy with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This research uses a qualitative method with explorative research design. The results show promising findings. A new business model for circular economy in the dairy industry is conducted. This new business model dairy industry will directly support five points of SDGs (point 6, 7, 8, 12, 15).
Keywords: CBMC; circular economy; dairy industry.
Consumers Perceptions of Circular Economy in the Hotel Industry: Evidence from Portugal
by Jorge Juliao, Marcelo Gaspar, Clarisse Alemão
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore current consumers
Keywords: Circular Economy; Sustainability; Green Hotels; Consumer Behaviour; Green Products; Environment; Hospitality Industry; Tourism; Green Tourism; Ecotourism; Eco-traveling.
Sustainability as a driver of operational excellence - the relevance of variability in process operations
by Daniela Silva, Américo Azevedo
Abstract: Sustainable development is a widely spread concept nowadays, especially due to external pressure related with environmental and social issues, affecting all players of the supply chain. Sustainable policies must be adopted, such as improving process performance and reduce waste. With sustainability as a driver of operational excellence, this study is focused on the improvement of the production process of a company by reducing variability. A variability analysis was done to understand its root causes and act upon them, as well as a quantification of waste in the process. Finally, an improvement plan was delineated to mitigate the problems identified.
Keywords: Variability; lead-time; industrial production; waste quantification; operational excellence; sustainable standards; process operations.
Assessing Significant Factors for Sustainable Cold Chain Performance in Sri Lankan Context
by Keshala Wickrama Gunaratne, Pradeepa Jayaratne
Abstract: Purpose - Nearly one third of the food that is globally produced is wasted mostly during initial production and in transit or thrown away by wealthier economies due to unsuitability for consumption. The main ways of food spoilage occur during storage, transportation and production activities. While cold chains are becoming an imperative fragment in most of the developed countries at present, when it comes to developing countries like Sri Lanka there is huge loss incurred annually due to poor practices in this sector. Considering the importance of supply chain in the field of perishable commodities, the main objective of this study is to identify the contributing factors with a specific goal of reducing waste and facilitating sustainable performance in the cold supply chain.
Design/Methodology/Approach The evolution of the research field is analyzed with the use of extensive literature survey in five different industries that use cold chain practices in Sri Lanka. Study was carried out mainly in three stages. To identify the most significant factors, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was used followed by Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Finally, for the derivation of factor-based relationship model Structural Equation Modelling was used (SEM). Furthermore, the evolution of performance and sustainable measurement in cold chain were used to highlight the criticalities of the research field.
Findings The authors classify three main significant factors that impact sustainability in perishable supply chain. The paper highlights the inadequacies in the available literature to achieve food quality and nutrition with less wastage and what main areas that need focus to achieve sustainability goals. Moreover, these key areas are open for scholars to plan future research in this area.
Research limitations/implications The results presented from this paper is limited to large & medium scale entities that use cold chain practices anywhere along the supply chain. Also due to restrictions of information sharing from certain companies the sample size has a moderate number, with an above par response rate of 63%. The results of this study can be used by researchers to focus on specific industries at large scale to have more implications on sustainability. In addition, practitioners can develop a performance measurement framework including the main three factors that authors propose to achieve their sustainable goals within their food supply chain.
Originality/Value Research on perishable supply chain is receiving immense attention from both academia and practitioners due to significant relevance towards sustainability and food quality. The body of knowledge is yet immature and this paper provides a new perspective of thinking towards attaining sustainability performance. The work is original in the way authors integrate sustainability across the three key factors that identified across supply chain in every strategic, operational and tactical decisions. The context can be used by researchers and practitioners to develop practical sustainable cold chain performance framework.
Keywords: Sustainability; Green Logistics; Perishables; Cold Chain; Temperature Controlled Environment; Food Waste; Carbon Foot Print; Sustainable Performance.
Effect of Corporate Sustainable Development on Green Purchasing: Insights from ISO14001 Certified Manufacturing Companies in Malaysia
by Marini Nurbanum Mohamad, Charis Samuel Solomon Koilpillai
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to investigate the effect of corporate sustainable development on green purchasing. A conceptual model was recommended and empirically tested to identify the relationship of corporate sustainable development (environmental development, economic development and social development) towards green purchasing. Questionnaires were sent to all 621 ISO 14001 qualified manufacturing corporations in Malaysia and a total of 146 responses were obtained. A regression analysis was conducted to analyse the data and to test the hypotheses that corporate sustainable development has a positive effect towards green purchasing. Findings of this study identified that all three facets of corporate sustainable development (environmental development, economic development and social development) has a positive effect towards green purchasing. These results present empirical evidence concerning the significant relationship of corporate sustainable development towards green purchasing among ISO 14001 qualified manufacturing companies in Malaysia. Additionally, this research describes the significance of practicing green purchasing in the manufacturing industry which is particularly useful for managers to understand how the adoption of corporate sustainable development strategies by manufacturing firms would be justified, not just by merely moral grounds, but also the positive gains in companies.
Keywords: green purchasing; corporate sustainable development; environmental development; economic development; social development; Malaysia.
Supply network configuration archetypes for the circular exploitation of solid waste
by Naoum Tsolakis, Dimitris Zissis, Jagjit Singh Srai
Abstract: This research aims to use network configuration theory to propose circular supply chain archetypes for the valorisation of solid waste. The proposed network configuration archetypes are differentiated by their levels of geographic dispersion, each representing coherent clusters of waste material and supply network characteristics for the valorisation of waste streams, namely: centralised, semi-centralised and decentralised. The different types of solid waste require local (e.g. wood, organic waste), regional (e.g. glass, plastics and rubber, paper and cardboard) or pan-regional (e.g. metals and alloys) network configuration options primarily dictated by the intrinsic physico-chemical properties of the wasted material and constraints related to the processing technologies. Furthermore, the proposed network configuration archetypes dictate operational considerations, such as procurement and pre-processing options for the wasted feedstocks, along with upscale production opportunities and distribution of the value-added intermediates or end-products.
Keywords: circular supply networks; supply chain configuration archetypes; solid waste; renewable feedstocks; commercial value and viability.