International Journal of Integrated Supply Management
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International Journal of Integrated Supply Management (6 papers in press)
Third Party Logistics Service Providers Selection using AHP-DEAHP approach by Remica Aggarwal Abstract: Third party logistics service providers (3PLSPs) have become an extremely important part of todays supply chain environment. They are required in almost all business operations be it providing raw material to finish goods. 3PLSPs are also getting intricate in customer-oriented operations. At the right cost and after due consideration of all affecting criteria anything can be outsourced. Every organization needs to find a smart balance of what to produce in-house and what to procure/hire from outside service providers. Proper selection of the 3PLSP makes the organization competitive and increases the profitability. The present research focuses on first identifying criteria or enablers, which can be used to evaluate third party logistics service providers and then to select the most appropriate from the available choices based on a hybrid technique of Data Envelopment Analytic Hierarchy Process (DEAHP). This integrated technique makes use of data envelopment analysis to generate local weights of alternatives from pairwise comparison of judgement matrix used in the AHP for selecting third party logistic service provider. Through the literature review, fourteen major selection criteria were identified. Thus, DEAHP (i.e. combined DEA-AHP approach) has been used as an alternative to the traditional methods of weight derivation in AHP. The uniqueness of the research lies in the application of this hybrid technique to the selection of third party logistic service provider for a manufacturing company. Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA); Multi-criteria Decision Making; Third party logistics; Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).
Mapping working capital models in the automotive industry by Lotta Lind, Sari Monto, Timo Kärri Abstract: This paper analyzes working capital models applied by companies in the automotive industry. The paper contributes to the emerging research stream of financial supply chain management and provides support for improving inter-organizational working capital management. The data for the observation period 20062015 has been collected from the financial statements of 41 companies operating in the automotive value chain. The paper introduces a WCM matrix which can be used for identifying working capital models in the value chains. The results showed that different working capital models are applied within the value chain stages, and two thirds of the companies reduced their workingrncapital during the observation period. The WCM matrix positions the companies in the preferred context by their working capital management and shows how the working capital of companies is formed. The paper is based on an extensive set of real-life financial figures and offers new insights for studying working capital models in the value chains. Keywords: working capital management; financial supply chain management; automotive industry; cash conversion cycle; working capital model.
Supply Chain Environmental Sustainability in SMEs: An Application of the Hayes and Wheelwright Model and Identifying Stages of Development Using Cluster Analysis by Faiza Khoja, Jeffery Adams, Ralph Kauffman, Yegiyan Mikayel Abstract: Environmental sustainability is a subject of increasing interest, but little is known about its practice in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). This paper uses survey data from SMEs to assess the current state of supply chain environmental sustainability development in SMEs. A conceptual model of supply chain environmental sustainability development is proposed based on Hayes and Wheelwrights four-stage operations development model. The posited model is empirically tested by applying cluster analysis to the SME survey data. Four clusters were identified and tested to assess the current level of supply chain environmental sustainability development and practices in SMEs. The model can serve as a progressive planning tool for sustainability development that shows an impact on performance in SME organizations. The modified four-stage model also provides a type of scale with which managers of SMEs can measure their relative development of environmental supply chain sustainability. Keywords: Environmental Sustainability; SMEs; Supply Chain.
Closed-Loop Supply Chain Considering Environmental Investment and Pollutants Emissions by Alireza Alinezhad, Javad Khalili, Ali Borjian Abstract: Due to the increase in the importance of the environmental concerns, organisations always seek for solutions to reduce pollutant emission, obtain the necessary environmental certificates and improve their social image. In this regard, eco-label and environmental investment are amongst the solutions of the environmental protections. The aim of this paper is to present a mixed integer model for a closed-loop supply chain (CLSC) so that the eco-label of the product is identified and the effects of recycling centre establishment and the environmental investment are studied. In this paper, the eco-label of the products is calculated by considering all of the activities through the supply chain according to life cycle analysis (LCA) method. The results of the study show the positive effect of the recycling centre establishment and the environmental investment on economic and environmental performance of the supply chain even though the environmental constraints are not imposed. Keywords: Closed-loop Supply Chain; Eco-label; Life Cycle Analysis (LCA); Environmental Investment.
SOURCING STRATEGY ACROSS PRODUCT LIFE CYCLESTAGES: RELEVANCE OF MULTIPLE-MODE GOVERNANCE by Santosh Kumar Mahapatra, Ram Narasimhan, Tomas Hult Abstract: Although researchers have used multiple organization theories such as transaction cost theory (TCT), resource-based view (RBV), social exchange theory (SET) and resource dependence theory (RDT) to understand governance mechanisms used in sourcing, our understanding of the effectiveness of various sourcing governance mechanisms in a dynamic business context have been inadequate. This is partly because the contextual dynamics has not been kept in perspective while utilizing different theories in studies concerning various governance mechanisms. Inadequate consideration of the contextual dynamics has affected the ability to decide the right governance mechanisms over time. As a remedy, we delineate a conceptual framework that considers simultaneous use of multiple modes of governance and their adjustment over time to match the dynamic business contingencies. We incorporate the product life cycle (PLC) framework in characterizing the contextual dynamics of sourcing and use TCT, RBV, SET and RDT tenets to argue that use of multiple-modes of governance can be effective in addressing evolving sourcing needs over time. Our study contributes to theory development by explaining the whys, how and when of multiple-modes governance over time. Managerial implications, limitations and future research opportunities are also discussed. Keywords: Product Life Cycle; Organization Theory; Governance Mechanism; Risk Aversion; Sourcing Strategy.
Smart port-hinterland integration: conceptual proposal and simulation-based analysis in Brazilian ports by Enzo Morosini Frazzon, Jonas Mendes Constante, Yuri Triska, Juliana Vieira Dos Santos Albuquerque, Julián Martinez-Moya, Lucas De Souza Silva, Amir Mattar Valente Abstract: Global supply chains drive international trade growth, imposing challenges upon port operations. To cope with rising volumes, involved participants in port logistics systems must adopt a coordinated and streamlined operational decision-making. Along with suitable infrastructure, the proper deployment of smart concepts and technologies can improve port-hinterland connection. In this context, this paper aims to propose a smart port-hinterland integration concept, which allows for vehicle flow operational visibility and synchronisation. The concept is assessed considering real-world data obtained from five major Brazilian ports, which aimed to mitigate infrastructure challenges. Obtained results substantiate that the adoption of smart port logistics systems improves the efficiency and reliability of port-hinterland integration, reducing disruptions risks for involved global supply chains. Keywords: global supply chains; integrated supply chains; port 4.0; smart logistics; smart ports; industry 4.0; port-hinterland. DOI: 10.1504/IJISM.2019.10024097