Forthcoming articles

International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development

International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development (IJISD)

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International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development (32 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Intellectual treatment of the normative notion sustainability   Order a copy of this article
    by A. M. M. Maruf Hossain 
    Abstract: Different classification schemes group the diverse meanings associated with sustainability in different ways. While one of these contrasts between universalist, thick and procedural sustainability, another views its meanings either through a set of social-ecological criteria, or a vision of humankind, or an object/ thing/ phenomenon, or an approach of study. While all these classes exhibit a fragmentary, selective nature of conceptualizing sustainability, an appropriate intellectual treatment of the notion would instead require an integrated, non-reductionist nature of enquiry that can produce understandings on the entirety of reality as the problems of sustainability exist only on the totality of reality. The selective nature of the reductionist, fragmented nature of enquiries does not appear problematic as a given study attempts to understand only a particular fragment of reality. However, this approach becomes inadequate as well as normativeregardless of how analytical or operative it could bewhen there is a need to study the entirety of reality. This effectively renders the notion of sustainability, as approached in our present intellectual discourse, to be acknowledged as a normative concept. Through analyzing relevant published literature as secondary data within the frame of fundamental research, this article asks how intellectual the notion of sustainability is. It reveals problems with the nature, definition and foundation of the discourse of Sustainability Science. Drawing on the difference between a normative essence and a fundamental intellectual perspective, this research establishes the necessity of discovering the knowledge avenue of the scholarship of sustainability instead of imaginatively describing a normative-speculation-based treatment of it. The research also develops a fundamental intellectual perspective on sustainability.
    Keywords: sustainability; intellectual treatment of sustainability; the scholarship of sustainability; epistemology of sustainability; Sustainable Development; fundamental research.

  • Business models as framework for sustainable value-creation Strategic and operative leadership challenges   Order a copy of this article
    by Åge Svein Gjøsæter, Øyvin Kyvik, Jon Gunnar Nesse, Torbjørn Årethun 
    Abstract: This study explores leadership challenges related to the operationalisation of sustainable business models in offshore shipping. Based on a comparative case study, the study finds that the business model framework and the business model canvas building blocks must be adapted and adjusted to the resources and capabilities of the firm and its strategic and industrial context and operation. Another crucial finding is that the processes and relationships between the business models building blocks the day-to-day actions and activities in developing, implementing and gradually revising and auditing a chosen business model are strongly leadership and management intensive. By giving an example of sustainable value-creation, the study contributes to the state-of-the-art of corporate sustainability management and development by illustrating how new business models can be pursued in the maritime shipping industry.
    Keywords: business models; business model canvas; sustainability; value-creation; leadership; strategising; innovation; maritime shipping industry; Norway.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10024465
  • Sustainable Intellectual Human Capital and Corporate Social Innovation: A Sustainable Development Framework   Order a copy of this article
    by Azlan Amran, Lim Chia Yon, Shaian Kiumarsi, Amar Hisham Jaaffar 
    Abstract: Corporate social innovation (CSI) is an emerging concept which is fundamental for the 21st Century business in order to attain business performance and sustainable social development. However, human capital plays a vital role for firms that seek to pursue CSI goals. Therefore, this paper seeks to unveil the important attributes of CSI as well as examines the role of intellectual human capital on CSI. It discusses the conceptualisation of CSI which seems to be obviously absent in the literature. In this paper, CSI encompasses any kind of innovative actions or activities which combines a distinctive set of corporate research and development in order to generate advanced solutions to complex sustainability issues which influence the sustainability of business and society. This paper determines many dimensions of human capital with a view to providing insights into the vital role of human capital in facilitating CSI practices. Based on Resource-Based View (RBV), it is expected that this paper would provide valuable explanations on the influence of intellectual human capital on CSI activities. It focuses on intellectual human capital (i.e. employees competence, creativity, effectiveness, attitude, retention and development) which enhance efficient task performance and problem-solving of real-world sustainability challenges, problems and opportunities. This paper offers an in-depth knowledge regarding the relationship between sustainability-related intellectual human capital and CSI.
    Keywords: Intellectual Human Capital; Corporate Social Innovation; Resource-Based View.

  • Key Enabling Technologies and measuring of the company performance in relation to sustainable development: evaluation model design   Order a copy of this article
    by Monika Duskova 
    Abstract: Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) is the concept of the European Commission describing the technologies that are expected to enhance the competitiveness of the European small and medium-sized enterprises and to significantly contribute to solving the societal and environmental challenges. Evaluation of the KETs implementation at macro (country) level is frequently realized by using specifically developed quantitative and qualitative evaluation model for the purpose of the European Commission. Nevertheless, at micro (company) level, the performance measurement of companies implementing KETs has not been studied yet. The objective of the paper is to design the KETs evaluation model for measuring of the company performance. Furthermore, the model is applied on a preliminary survey of Czech manufacturing KETs-performing companies. As the result, the evaluation model of KETs implementation in companies is based on environmental, social and economic pillars of sustainable development but is extended by additional technological pillar, which is considered as a crucial for KETs
    Keywords: innovation; sustainability; company performance; corporate sustainability; technology; Key Enabling Technologies; European Union.

  • The process of innovation as a determinant factor of sustainable development in companies   Order a copy of this article
    by Jorge Carro Suarez, Susana Sarmiento Paredes, Genoveva Rosano Ortega, Jaime Garnica Gonzalez, Carlos Arturo Vega Lebrún 
    Abstract: At present, to compete openly in global markets, two concepts are needed to generate competitive advantages: innovation and sustainability. Several studies have presented strategies to relate them. However, a model that promotes the sustainability dimensions through innovation focused on an integral recognition is needed. The aim of this research is to determine the influence of innovation factors on a sustainable development model. The methodology consisted of analyzing and selecting a published model of the innovation process as well as one model of sustainable development to identify the correlation between them. For this purpose, an instrument of analysis was designed and was applied in the ceramic coating sector in Tlaxcala, Mexico. The information obtained was analyzed by means of statistical analysis. The results showed significant correlations and a model of Innovation-Sustainable Development was proposed, concluding that the model represents a new way to promote sustainability through a culture of innovation
    Keywords: innovation process factors; sustainable development dimensions; innovation and sustainable development model; correlation analysis; regression analysis; ceramic coating industry,; ceramic tile industry; ceramic coating sector; culture of innovation; companies.

  • Managing Sustainable Development of Government Link Companies (GLCs) in Malaysia through Emotional Intelligence and Organizational Politic   Order a copy of this article
    by Wan Noordiana Wan Hanafi, Salina Daud 
    Abstract: Today, the business climate is highly flexible and demands quick responses. Organizational politics are becoming a common topic in management studies because of the negative influence it can have on the workforce. This study was conducted to examine the effect of emotional intelligence on organizational politics in Government Link Companies (GLCs) in Malaysia. The studys research framework was supported by the Leader-member Exchange Theory. Data was collected from middle to top level managers in the Government Link Companies (GLCs) in Malaysia using a cross sectional study and a stratified random sampling method. Three hundred and twenty-five usable questionnaires were collected and analysed using a two-stage approach in Partial Least Square Structural Equation Model (PLS-SEM). The findings show that there is a significant link between emotional intelligence and organizational politics. This study provides an understanding that the presence of emotional intelligence can help in improving a leaders ability to manage the political environment. Emotional intelligence and organizational politics are necessary skills for managers to sustain organizational development. Thus, emotional intelligence abilities are vital in order to successfully overcome organizational politics and succeed in the workplace. This study could be replicated within other industries such as small medium enterprises (SME) and multi-national companies (MNCs) by refining the items used as a measurement variable.
    Keywords: Sustainable organization; Emotional intelligence; Government Link Companies; Organizational politic.

  • Does CSER is a driver of innovation? Evidence from French listed companies   Order a copy of this article
    by Sana TRIKI DAMAK 
    Abstract: This study examines whether socially responsible firms carry higher research and development (R&D) intensity and how corporate governance quality influences this investment. Based on a sample of French firms belonging to the SBF 120 index from 2012 to 2016, the results show that firms with higher corporate social and environmental responsibility (CSER) score have greater R&D intensity. These companies try to protect environment and to create positive social impact by the use of new technologies. Moreover, the findings confirm that firms with better corporate governance quality invest more on R&D. Finally, the results reveal that some control variables influence significantly R&D intensity. The findings in this research may be of practical interest to investors, sustainable professionals and modern consumers who are aware of social and environmental concerns and who are trying to keep themselves informed about strategies used by businesses to improve CSER practices.
    Keywords: CSER; corporate social and environmental responsibility; research and development; corporate governance; board of directors.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10023004
  • Sustainable knowledge flow and innovation in higher education: The implementation of change management in universities   Order a copy of this article
    by Muftahu Jibirin Salihu 
    Abstract: One of the most difficult tasks in higher educational institutions is to implement effective and constructive changes within already functioning system. Resistance and unwillingness of the institutional members are the main barriers for an institution to implement a required change. This is especially the case when facilitating knowledge flow and innovation mindset in higher education. Therefore, in order to implement an efficient change in an institution requires a combination of internal and external forces. Leaders must keep in mind that in many instances individuals outside the institution will play a major role in developing the priorities of their institution and in determining whether or not a proposed innovation can be fostered. In this regard, this paper intends to describe how to facilitate the flow of knowledge and adopt an innovation mindset in the context of higher education or higher learning institutions. In addition, this paper also discusses three domains of a comprehensive implementation or change management plan: structure, culture, and strategies. The change management plan presented in this paper demonstrates how a change initiative can be undertaken in a higher educational institution in the context of knowledge flow and adoption of the innovation mindset. The main outcome of the paper is that institutional mission, vision and priorities need to be clearly understood by every member of the staff in order to support and facilitate change and innovative thinking.
    Keywords: Sustainability; Knowledge; Change Management; Change Initiative; Knowledge Flow.

  • Quality of Life and Redevelopment of Wakaf Che Yeh, Kelantan, Malaysia.   Order a copy of this article
    by Oliver Ling Hoon Leh, Nur Asma Aqmalina Hadzaman, Marlyana Azyyati Marzukhi 
    Abstract: The redevelopment of Wakaf Che Yeh from an open-air night market into a permanent structure commercial area with shops and roadside stalls affected the quality of life (QOL) of the surrounding residents. The study examined the impact of the Wakaf Che Yeh redevelopment on QOL in terms of its physical, economic and social aspects as well as overall impact. The findings showed that the majority of respondents felt that the physical and economic aspects of QOL had decreased. However, the social aspect and overall QOL had increased. All the three (3) aspects of QOL, namely physical, economic, and social, were significantly correlated to the overall QOL impact. However, there was a stronger relationship between overall QOL and the social aspect as compared to the correlation between overall QOL and the physical or economic aspects. In fact, the nature of QOL leaned more towards the social concern or wellbeing of people.
    Keywords: commercial; economic; impact; physical; QOL; quality of life; redevelopment; social; wellbeing.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10030330
  • Sustainable Public Value: A step towards Green public organization for sustaiable society   Order a copy of this article
    by Abdul Sami, Asmara Irfan, Muhammad Imran Qureshi, Ahmad Jusoh, Khalil Md Nor, Mansoor Nazir Bhatti 
    Abstract: The development of sustainable society is the major concern for todays world. Researchers and practitioner from all over the world try to adress the environmental challenges to develop the sustainable society. Public organisations are considered as a good custodians of energy and environmental resources consumed in their day-to-day operations. Most of the public organisations have affirmed their policies to alleviate the environmental impact of their operations. These green public organisations played an important role to develope sustainable societies. This sustainable development emerged through green public organisation and these green public organisation established by following sustainable public value practices in the organisation. This study collected data from 320 local government officers of Pakistan and used the smart PLS to statistically analyse the data. Results revealed that the Sustainable public organisation can strengthen society and create public value.
    Keywords: Sustainable public value; Green public Organization; Sustainabale society.

    by Andriele De Prá Carvalho, Aline Dario Silveira, Sieglinde Kindl Da Cunha, Fabiana Regina Veloso 
    Abstract: Environmental problems arising with uncontrolled growth increased the interest in studies that combine innovation and sustainability. In this sense, eco-innovation is an approach that contributes to the understanding of the relation between society, economy and the environment. Technology parks are considered innovative environments for the new technologies development, which can be explained by the socio-technical transition theory. Thus, the objective of this paper was to analyse the transition from the eco-innovative niche to an eco-innovative regime at the Itaipu Technological Park (ITP), by basing on a socio-technical approach to understand the different co-evolution influences on the social and technical environment. We were able to show that the ITP, with their sponsor support, Itaipu Binacional, created an eco-innovation favourable environment. The infrastructure of its facilities and labs, in addition to its eco-innovative culture turned ITP into an open environment to the development of eco-innovations.
    Keywords: multi-level analysis; socio-technical transition; eco-innovation; ITP; Itaipu Technological Park; sustainable innovation; sustainability; technologic Park; socio-technical innovation; Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10028435
  • Creating Innovation Policy and Ecological System in Developing Countries United Arab Emirates (UAE) Model   Order a copy of this article
    by Bashar El-Khasawneh 
    Abstract: This paper focuses on the innovation systems in developing countries and the complementing role of government, the private sector, and the society in forming a functioning ecological innovation system. This paper is targeted at policymakers to help them formulate regulations and frameworks towards creating the legislative and promotion systems to advance innovation within a society. All stakeholders within the society would carry out the tasks of promoting innovation. This paper addresses the policies and roles of the government, industry, and academia in advancing science and technology, which indirectly impacts innovation. Additionally, it provides a more methodological scheme in advancing innovation. These mechanisms span activities within the education system (primary and secondary), undergraduate and postgraduate studies, media, and businesses. The innovation drivers for creativity are identified and briefly explained; then, several key performance indicators are listed which would help in assessing drivers of innovation and their impact. Towards the end of the paper, the national innovation system in the UAE is shown in some detail with related initiatives. This could provide a working model for developing countries with similar conditions and constraints.
    Keywords: Innovation; Creativity; Policy; Developing Countries; Eco System; and Entrepreneurship.

  • Governance, sustainability and carbon markets under the Paris Agreement   Order a copy of this article
    by Josu Martinez-Serrano, Miguel Cuerdo-Mir 
    Abstract: The entry into force of the Paris Agreement, which can be considered the new international consensus to tackle reductions on greenhouse gas emissions from 2020, is facing up many unknown issues on methodology and governance. These are topics under constant negotiation among its signatory Parties. This paper, which methodology relies on a normative analysis of legal texts and bibliographic review on the carbon markets, identifies the key elements of this compromise, and shapes its weaknesses, paying special attention to the rules on carbon markets. It also outlines the obstacles that the already ongoing Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol is facing up nowadays. Clearing up those uncertainties could trigger the development of new projects and innovation to obtain measurable emission reductions under the scope of the new compromise.
    Keywords: Paris Agreement; climate change; climate policy; sustainable development; flexible mechanisms; carbon markets.

  • Splitting up Dhaka City: Rationales, Challenges and Prospects as a Sustainable City   Order a copy of this article
    by Md. Wahid Murad, Md. Mahmudul Alam, Shawon Muhammad Shahriar 
    Abstract: The main objective of this study is to analyse the rationales, challenges and prospects of Dhaka City being split up, for the purposes of creating a sustainable city grounded in relevant theories and widely used and accepted standards. We cited the opinions of urban planners and politicians and referred to relevant theories and standards to achieve this objective. An assessment of Dhaka being divided in accordance with the concept of City Development Strategies reveals considerable deficiencies in most aspects of public goods and services provisions. Whilst splitting Dhaka into separate sections supports the World City Hypothesis it is not without criticisms, for instance those raised by urban planners, experts and politicians. The lack of resources and oversight to address those deficiencies and problems and the administrative, allocative, economic and social inefficiencies makes it very difficult for Dhakas authorities to achieve sustainable urbanisation. For this reason, stringent decisions and appropriate strategies must be implemented by the Bangladeshi government to resolve these problems, inefficiencies and mismanagement in order for the city to be liveable sustainable.
    Keywords: Dhaka city; Sustainable city; City split; City development strategies; Sustainable urbanization; World City Hypothesis.

  • Integrating Innovation and Sustainability into Tour Operator Business   Order a copy of this article
    by Salmi Mohd Isa, Maisarah Abd Hamid, Amar Hisham Jaaffar 
    Abstract: The participation of different stakeholders is necessary to ensure the sustainable development of the tourism sector. Tour operator is one of the crucial stakeholders that have an influence on sustainable tourism due to the fundamental relationship between tour operator roles and sustainable tourism practices. Nevertheless, the empirical studies on sustainable tourism focus mainly on the destination area, while the sustainable destination management of tourism activities have not been explored. Therefore, this study makes a unique contribution to the extant literature by examining sustainable tourism. It also emphases on the quest for sustainable destination as a mediator in the proposed model. The study administers a survey questionnaire to the tour operators, out of which 228 completed questionnaires were returned. This study pursues to show the conceptual relationship between sustainable tourism and tour operator roles in Malaysia. Hence, it suggests several conceptualizations of sustainable tourism, along with some potential applications. It develops some indicators for tour operators since recent evidence indicated that the prevailing indicators were developed on a destination basis. The results suggest that sustainable destination management enhances a positive relationship among perceived innovation characteristics and sustainable business orientation on tour operator roles on sustainable tourism. The result reveals that perceived innovation characteristics and sustainable business orientation have direct positive influences on tour operator roles in sustainable tourism. Remarkably, the study also shows that perceived innovation characteristics and sustainable business orientation have effects on tour operator roles in sustainable tourism through sustainable destination management.
    Keywords: Perceived Innovation Characteristics; Sustainable Business Orientation; Sustainable Destination Management; Tour Operator Roles on Sustainable Tourism.

  • Teaching Sustainable Energy Systems to engineering students   Order a copy of this article
    by Giorgio Locatelli 
    Abstract: This paper presents the learning outcomes, syllabus, delivery, and assessment strategy for a module of Sustainable energy systems for master-level engineering students. The paper is based on three stages of action research.' The first stage is a critical reflection on the planning and the process, based on the experience in delivering the original module and literature review. The second stage is based on semi-structured interviews of 4th-year students, focused on the collection of feedback to improve the module. The third stage is the redesign and peer-review of the module. The key outcome of this work is an approach which further enables students to move from surface learning' to a more profound deep learning. Further steps forward toward a true constructivism are also envisaged. Several enhancements are discussed, including an improved syllabus, new methods of delivery, fine-tuning of the learning outcomes, and finally revisiting the assessment strategy. The holistic teaching of Sustainable energy systems is becoming commonplace in higher education engineering courses. Other lecturers planning or delivering a masters-level module on the topic of Sustainable energy systems can gain practical and useful insights for their teaching from this paper.
    Keywords: Sustainability; Energy Systems; Deep learning; Constructivism; Energy Projects.

  • Reconceptualizing Ecological Fiscal Transfers to Sustainable Development Perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Felipe De Paulo, Ivo Pedrosa, Pedro Camões 
    Abstract: Ecological fiscal transfers (EFTs) is a policy schema that uses ecological indicators to allocate revenues to local governments. Such intergovernmental fiscal transfers are also suited to address social policies, such as the protection of indigenous land and the reduction of infant and child mortality rates. This study offers a new conceptualization of EFT to achieve sustainable local development that brings together economic, ecological, and social perspectives. Framed on the theories of environmental federalism, fiscal federalism, and public policy, this paper unfolds the concept of sustainable fiscal transfers (SFTs) rather than the more conventional EFTs. SFTs expand the potential of the ecological fiscal transfer to other policies, functioning as a policy tool to reach goals in social, economic and environmental policies at the local level. In order to illustrate this new conceptualization, it describes the SFTs as a Brazilian state policy.
    Keywords: Ecological Fiscal Transfers; Sustainable Fiscal Transfers; Sustainable Development; Fiscal Federalism; Brazil.

  • Effect of creativity and innovation based training on small enterprises' performance: evidence from Ethiopia   Order a copy of this article
    by Arega Shumetie, Wondifraw Mihret 
    Abstract: Development policy makers stipulate directives to capacitate human capital vital to surmount challenges, unlock potentials and enhance competitiveness. This study analysed the effect of evolutionary process of creativity and innovation based technical vocational education and training (TVET) on small enterprises' (SEs') performance. It adds insights to innovation theory signifying how far evolutionary creativity trainings attribute to performance. Propensity score matching and causal inference econometric model analyses of the data collected from randomly selected 146 manufacturing SEs revealed that creativity and innovation strategies are partially harnessed in everyday practices of trained enterprises. Insignificant differences were observed between trained and untrained SEs in creative thinking, motivation, innovative practices and searching for opportunities. Different from the slight effect of short-term trainings, program-based trainings significantly affected capital and asset accumulation. Thus, intensifying the quality and scope of trainings should be prioritised to sustain creativity and innovation for human resource and performance development.
    Keywords: creativity; innovation; enterprises; TVET strategy; business performance.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10029597
  • The strategic management of sustainable innovation and its relation to business models and corporate performance   Order a copy of this article
    by Jordana Marques Kneipp, Clandia Maffini Gomes, Carlos Maria Fernandez Jardón, Roberto Schoproni Bichueti, Kamila Frizzo 
    Abstract: The present study aims to analyse the relationship between the strategic management of sustainable innovation, business models, and business performance of manufacturing companies. The study is characterised as quantitative and consisted of a survey with 51 Brazilian industrial companies. Results showed that strategic management for sustainable innovation is associated with the business model and corporate performance, whereas positive associations between dependent and independent variable dimensions were found. Differences were found between adopting a management approach for sustainable innovation, innovation degree of the business model, and corporate performance, considering that there were significant differences in the means difference test and logistic regression analysis. Thus, it was possible to confirm the guiding hypotheses of this study.
    Keywords: strategic management; sustainable innovation; business model; corporate performance.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10029599
  • Social innovation and social business: investigation of the business model of the Brazilian housing program 'my house, my life'   Order a copy of this article
    by Bruno Silva Quirino, Rivadávia Corrêa Drummond Alvarenga Neto, Rodrigo Baroni De Carvalho 
    Abstract: The goal of this paper is to analyse the Brazilian Government Housing Program "My House, My Life" from the perspectives of social innovation and social business. Twelve in-depth interviews were performed with the housing Program's stakeholders. The following categories of analysis were defined: i) concept, legislation, metrics, and results of the program; ii) program business model; iii) financial profit equation and social profit equation. Although fulfilling the requirements of a social innovation initiative and offering large and significant social benefits, the Program cannot be characterised as a social business due to the need of constant Federal Government funding , and also because of the fact that its target group is treated as the program's beneficiary and not as a customer. The paper categorises the Brazilian housing program into social innovation schemas and discusses the suitability of these theoretical classifications in the praxis of a large developing country.
    Keywords: social innovation; business model; social business model; program my house my life (Minha Casa Minha Vida); housing industry.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10029598
  • Sustainable product innovation as antecedent to economic success: a survey in manufacturing industries   Order a copy of this article
    by Julio Cesar Ferro De Guimarães, Eliana Andréa Severo, Rosana Da Rosa Portella Tondolo, Eric Charles Henri Dorion 
    Abstract: Innovation for sustainable product is an efficient means of transforming the economic reality of an organisation and reducing environmental impacts caused by industrial activity, driven by increasing consumption of natural resources. In this regard, this research aims to measure the relationship of environmental management practices (EMP), human resources and corporate social responsibility constructs, as antecedents to sustainable product innovation, as well as to evaluate the relationship of this construct with economic success. The research is the result of a survey of 696 companies in the manufacturing industry of the Brazilian metallurgical sector. In analysing the data, the structural equation modelling to articulate the descriptive research was used. This research contributes academically to the provision of scales, theoretically supported and statistically validated. At the management level, our results assist management decisions on the use of strategic resources.
    Keywords: sustainable product innovation; EMP; environmental management practices; human resources; corporate social responsibility; structural equation modelling; Brazil.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10029600
  • Measurement of product innovation in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs): a case study in Oman   Order a copy of this article
    by Ahm Shamsuzzoha, Mahmood Al-Kindi 
    Abstract: In this research study, an attempt has been taken to measure the level of product innovation in Oman. The aims of this research were to measure the product innovation level of selected small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Oman and to assess necessary effort to improve product innovation level to a standard level. To fulfil these objectives, 24 SMEs engaged in both manufacturing and service sectors were selected, studied and analysed. The outcomes from the study indicates that the level of product innovation in selected Omani SMEs are noticeably low and substantial efforts are necessary to improve it to a standard level. In order to demonstrate the procedural steps to calculate and measure the product innovation level and necessary effort, out of 24 SMEs one SME was highlighted within the scope of this paper. Overall study outcomes are discussed in conclusion section along with research limitations and future research directions.
    Keywords: product innovation; innovation level; innovation performance; Omani SMEs; case study.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10021169

Special Issue on: EDaSS VII Knowledge and Sustainability Reflections to Achieve Balanced Societies

  • Sustainable business model innovation and ethics: A conceptual review from the institutional theory addressing (un)sustainability   Order a copy of this article
    by Alberto Peralta, Laura Gismera 
    Abstract: Being this a period when human activities and creations profoundly alter many geological conditions and processes, here we conceptualise how the sustainable innovation of business models acts as yet another lever for the dissemination of human misbehaviours against the planet and its ecosystems. Departing from the Institutional Theory approach to entrepreneurship and sustainability, we identified institutional and ethical standards and norms that allow a better understanding of the institutional logic behind sustainable business model (SBM) innovation, how it is formed and its consequences in terms of inequity, oppression and exclusion. We have linked those standards with 12 constructs that can guide further empirical analyses; incubators, trainers, investors and policy makers could use them to support entrepreneurs avoid planet challenges and enhance human and non-human ecosystems.
    Keywords: SBMs; sustainable innovation; sustainable business models; institutions; values; ethics; anthropocene; entrepreneurship; ecosystems; inequity; exclusion; planet boundaries.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10025149
  • Analysis of Social, Environmental and Economic Sustainability Core: A Bibliometric Overview   Order a copy of this article
    by Nuria Bautista-Puig, Elba Mauleón, Elías Sanz-Casado 
    Abstract: Sustainability has become a global concern in the 21st century. However, sustainability is an ambivalent concept that can be interpreted in many ways. In the beginning, it was environmentally-related. Later, however, it was linked to social or economic sustainability, which was known as the triple bottom-line or the three-pillar model (social/economic and environmental sustainability). Later, additional dimensions were incorporated, such as institutional, cultural, or even spatial. As a result of the growth and importance of sustainability, this study provides a comprehensive overview of the core of sustainability. With that aim in mind, we will analyse the following aspects of scientific production: volume of scientific output, primary agents involved (countries, institutions), web of science (WoS) categories, collaborations, acknowledgement patterns, and thematic analysis. The findings in this paper suggest an increasing growth in scientific output in all areas of sustainability, albeit with different patterns (e.g., collaboration, specialisation) among the three pillars.
    Keywords: environmental sustainability; social sustainability; economic sustainability; sustainability core; bibliometric indicators; sustainability research; research for sustainable development; scientometrics.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10026529
  • Detecting trends in sustainability publications: research development and dynamics in Green & Sustainable Science & Technology category.   Order a copy of this article
    by Andres Pandiella-Dominique, Nuria Bautista-Puig, Daniela De Filippo 
    Abstract: Although the sustainability movement began to take shape in the early nineteen seventies, it was not until 1987 with the publication of the Brundtland Report that it acquired institutional recognition. The academic communitys engagement with the movement came a few years later in the form of sustainability science, which developed and consolidated in keeping with the dynamics of any new scientific discipline. This review analyses its development based on the papers listed in the Web of Science category Green & sustainable science & technology. The bibliometric methodology used included social network and multivariate analysis focusing on journal, discipline and subject inter-relationships to map and analyse developments in this new field. The main findings identified four clusters of journals with different patterns of development: sustainability, renewable energies, green chemistry and green ecology. Mainstream and emerging subjects were determined on the grounds of co-word analysis.
    Keywords: Green and sustainable science and technology; science mapping; sustainability science; emerging trends; scientometrics.

  • The Influence of Media Exposure and Trust on Youth Attitude towards Greener Tainan   Order a copy of this article
    by Tamer Mohamed, Chang Chia-Hua, Yu-Chuan Huang 
    Abstract: Urban pollution is getting catastrophic in Asia-Pacific (APAC), especially for industrial countries like Taiwan. Therefore, serious measures need to be taken for green transformation. This paper tries to explore and assess the role of media in promoting green transformation by asking university students in Tainan to know how it can affect their attitude towards such a transition. This quantitative pilot study with structured questionnaires is based on 81 valid responses from local and foreign students in four major universities in Tainan. The results exhibit that correlations do exist between green media exposure and trust, and, trust and attitude. However, correlation between media exposure and attitude is not validated. Therefore, trust is proved to be a mediator between media and attitude in this paper. It is also shown that young adults in Tainan could be affected by green media to have more trust toward green products, which in turns can positively affect green attitude. Although this research has limitations, its novelty can still be treated as a guiding preliminary study and contribute to future research.
    Keywords: Green marketing and advertising; Sustainability; Taiwan; Green technology adoption.

  • What is the public opinion about universities and sustainability? A social media analysis among Spain and across the world.   Order a copy of this article
    by Cecilia Elizabeth Bayas Aldaz, David Duran-Rodas, Leyla Angélica Sandoval Hamón 
    Abstract: This exploratory study aims to identify, to cluster, and to set an emotional value of the content of tweets including university and sustainability-related terms in Spain in comparison to the rest of the world. For six months, in Spain, 2370 tweets were collected and 53,567 tweets in the rest of the world (English language). To carry out this research, sentiment and topic clustering analyses were applied. The results present key factors that involve the environment, research, and innovation through the role of universities in communities. The outcome also adds an entrepreneurship vision and practical implication of academic knowledge in industries. The conclusions of the present study can be useful to evidence the contribution of universities in their pursuit of a sustainable environment. Our findings will also define important questions to be addressed through the main mission of universities as part of an innovative process of answering new challenges.
    Keywords: Twitter; sustainability; social media; university; sentiment analysis; text mining; public opinion; environment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10030037

Special Issue on: AIC 2018 Sustainability in a Multidisciplinary Scenario

  • Cohesiveness, Social Justice, and Innovativeness with Environmental Sanitation Behaviour   Order a copy of this article
    by Yusriani Sapta Dewi 
    Abstract: This research aimed to observe the relationship between cohesiveness, social justice, and innovativeness with environmental sanitation behaviour on households at Sukakarya, West Java. The method used was survey method with a correlational study by involving 85 samples. There were four instruments which measured environmental sanitation behaviour, cohesiveness, social justice, and innovativeness. Data has been analysed using ANOVA. Research results revealed that there is a positive and significant correlation among those variables, even though it has been controlled by second-order correlation, it is still significant among them. Therefore, it may be concluded that if environmental sanitation behaviour would be improved, then cohesiveness, social justice, and innovativeness should be taken into consideration.
    Keywords: cohesiveness; social justice; innovativeness; environmental sanitation behaviour.

  • Social Exchange Theory in Sustainable Tourism: A case study from Thailand   Order a copy of this article
    by Uraiporn Kattiyapornpong, Chatchasorn Kanjanasilanon, Morakot Ditta-Apichai 
    Abstract: As multi-stakeholders are important in sustainable tourism development (STD), this study applies the social exchange theory (SET) to explain all stakeholders perceptions towards STDs benefits and impacts on the local community. This paper is part of a larger study that offers better explanation of local leaders and policy-makers perceptions towards STD as these stakeholders act as the critical initiators or facilitators in a selected tourism site in the local community. A total of 10 local leaders and policymakers in Thailand was interviewed and the results were thematically analysed using Nvivo program. Although positive and negative perceptions are anticipated, other insightful results including fostering mutual benefits for all stakeholders in a sustainable way are presented. Sample size, data collection and research methodology are this papers limitation. Further research should include more data from other stakeholders in order to understand the bigger picture of applying SET in STD.
    Keywords: SET; social exchange theory; STD; sustainable tourism development; policy-makers; Thailand; Koh Kret.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10028743
  • Building a conducive, engaged, and learning working environment through sustainable and impactful organisational culture   Order a copy of this article
    by Bradley C.Y. Ho, Norizah Mohd Mustamil, Sharmila Jayasingam 
    Abstract: A positive working environment that is conducive to engagement and learning among an organisations employees plays an integral role in the overall success and sustainability of the organisation itself. This study provides an in-depth analysis of using organisational culture as a sustainable tool to bring about lasting changes in the organisational ecosystems that contribute to employee engagement and lifelong learning. Samples from 472 respondents were obtained, and SEM analyses were employed in this study. The empirical results demonstrate that bureaucratic organisational culture has no impact on engagement and lifelong learning among employees. Although innovative organisational culture is the most effective in promoting employee engagement, it does not impact employee lifelong learning disposition. Interestingly, supportive organisational culture negatively impacts engagement, but contributes to workforce lifelong learning (LLL). This research shows that a conducive working environment can be created with proactive nurturing of organisational knowledge as the inherent culture of the organisation.
    Keywords: organisational culture; OC; lifelong learning; LLL; employee engagement; EE; working environment; human resource; sustainability; management.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10031161
  • Determinants of Urban Residential Water Demand in Libya   Order a copy of this article
    by Mabroka Mohamed Daw, Elhadi Ramadan Abdulhadi, Mohd Ekhwan Toriman 
    Abstract: This article analyzes the effect of several economic, environmental and social determinants for the per capita demand for water in Libya. Besides prices, income and population size, the article reflects the impact of urban population size, the temperature, summer temperature, and precipitation. The article also explores why the current per capita residential water demand in the urban areas is about more than in the other areas in Libya. In this study, the econometric model based on E-views method, instrumental-variable procedures, the ARDL model and the demand equation are applied. The cointegration analysis has shown a significant positive effect of temperature on water demand over the short and long term with partial flexibility of long-term temperature (5.44). Also, there is a positive relationship between rainfall and water demand in the long term and its less impact in the short term. There is a significant positive relationship between urban population and water demand. The greater urban population is greater the water demand and vice versa, partial flexibility of the urban population in the long term is at 0.23. On the other hand, there is a significant negative effect of income on water demand. Therefore, water demand is inflexible to changes in income. The study demonstrated that there is a negative effect on water price in relation to water demand. The estimated long-term variable of water value is 220.98, indicates that if the water price increases by 100%, the demand for water will go down by 221%.
    Keywords: Urban Residential Water Demand; Water resources Libya; Water situation in Libya; Determinants water demand.

    by Glauco Oliveira Rodrigues, Eugênio De Oliveira Simonetto, Daniel Luis Arenhardt 
    Abstract: This paper aims to understand, develop and execute computational models to analyse the cost benefit of the use of different percentages of biodiesel in urban solid waste collection and to verify the biodiesel production viability by organisations. For the models development, the system dynamics method was used. Mathematically, System Dynamics model is a system of linear equations. Through Vensim software, it was possible to develop, document, simulate, and analyse the models, noting the financial impact caused by waste collection in seven municipalities in southern Brazil. For the modelling, nine scenarios were developed and divided into 3 groups: simulation with different percentages of biodiesel, simulation using BIOBOT 20 processor, and simulation through a plant construction by the company. As a result, it was found that, in the long term, the best scenario for the company analysed is the use of BIOBOT 20 processor with 15% biodiesel percentage, followed by the construction of its own plant, also using 15% biodiesel. Results were satisfactory and met the designers expectations.
    Keywords: biodiesel; complex systems; computational modelling; sustainability; systems dynamics; Vensim.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2020.10029199