International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development (44 papers in press)
Elaboration of a socio-environmental vulnerability map as a tool to evaluate the sustainability of small hydroelectric power stations in Brazil
by Roxane Mello, Silvio Simões
Abstract: It is understood that the generation of hydroelectric energy through small-scale power stations is sustainable. However, to check this sustainability it is necessary to measure the socio-environmental vulnerability in the undertaking area. The main objective of this article was to analyze the socio-environmental vulnerability area due the influence of a small hypothetical generating power station in the water. The study methodology used analysis based on the continuous classification and the paired comparison technique Analytical Hierarchy Process, to obtain the Socio-Environmental Vulnerability Index Map. It was concluded that there are strong coincidences between the susceptible spaces to the physical processes of the environmental vulnerability and the places that present the worst social indicators, which are mistreated by an anthropic factor, the land use. The results express the starting point for further analysis of the socio-environmental vulnerability influences in areas of small power generating stations.
Keywords: Small Hydroelectric Stations; Vulnerability; Sustainability.
Urban sustainability and Gross National Happiness: a review of community well-being domains and dimensions
by Haruna D. Musa, Mohd Rusli Yacob, Ahmad Makmom Abdullah, Mohd Yusoff Ishak
Abstract: The effort in measuring well-being and happiness by plethora of different indicators and frameworks are stepping up globally, despite critics for not being accepted as the national indicator to promote subjective well-being due to the methodological approach and choices of well-being dimensions employed. This variation among different groups in society having different perceptions on community well-being measurement have made the traditional measurement tool loses validity. This study, therefore, reviews current research on community well-being measurement to justify the inclusion of different sustainability metrics required to optimize community well-being outcomes for national happiness and urban sustainability. The review is primarily based on peer-reviewed journal papers, as well as books, and documents published by international organizations. Forty-four (44) scientific articles were identified, out of a total of 300 research studies drawn from the electronic data search from the world of science focusing on seven key dimensions: economic, social, environment, governance, politics, culture, and health aspects. The finding shows that social dimension remains the most studied on community well-being research, followed by economy, environment, health, and governance, and subsequently leaving the dimension of culture with the less attention. Also, the findings distinguished objective and subjective well-being indicator approach used in the studies context. However, the objective approach is most widely used across the dimensions in the studies while the subjective domain is less studied. This finding suggests that a multidisciplinary conceptual framework towards a holistic view is desirable to allow for a more theory-based tool to evaluate multidimensional issues of urban environment and community well-being at all levels.
Keywords: Community assessment; urban dimensions; Subjective Well-Being; sustainable development.
Cost Reduction and Productivity Improvement through HRIS
by Halima Begum, Faruk Bhuiyan, A. S. A. Ferdous Alam, Abd Hair Awang, Muhammad Mehedi Masud, Rulia Akhtar
Abstract: Employee productivity improvement and HR cost reduction are two useful options for a cost leader. This study aims to examine the association between human resource information systems (HRIS), employee productivity, and HR costs by focusing on the data of 40 Bangladeshi banks. The impact of one standard deviation variation of HRIS application on employee productivity and HR costs is then calculated using multiple regression analysis. The multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) is then tested to examine the variation of employee productivity and HR costs according to bank ownership patterns. Results indicate that the use of HRIS applications generated a higher efficiency in terms of employee productivity and the reduction of HR costs (where all things remain constant). It was also observed that employee productivity does not vary according to bank ownership patterns though state-owned banks and private-owned banks experience different HR costs.
Keywords: HRIS; HR costs; Employee productivity; Banking Industry; Bangladesh.
The Emergence and Devolution of Sustainable Organizations
by Lee Swanson, Vince Bruno-Bossio
Abstract: In this article we examine the pre- and post-sustainable positions from which sustainable organizations emerge and to which they devolve while addressing the factors that affect the patterns of emergence and devolution. Drawing from existing definitions of sustainable enterprises, we describe three categories of sustainable organizations and conceptualize how enterprises enter and leave these sustainable positions. This work builds upon existing concepts of sustainable enterprise that mainly take a prescriptive approach toward managing transitions toward varying concepts of organizational sustainability. Our work fills a research gap by examining what the conditions of pre- and post-sustainability can mean for enterprises.
Keywords: emergence; entrepreneurship; social enterprise; sustainability.
Corporate sustainability: A focus on entrepreneurship, collaboration and regulation in the South African healthcare industry
by Boris Urban
Abstract: The global business landscape is characterised by uncertainty that has compelled firms to look beyond traditional models of management, which are under scrutiny in terms of sustainability. Researchers have advocated entrepreneurship as a means for firms to transform themselves into flexible, more responsive units that provide enhanced services through ongoing innovation. The context and survey population for this study is the South African healthcare sector. Hypotheses are formulated to show how different variables operate through different pathways to increase overall sustainable corporate entrepreneurship activity. Instruments are first subject to validity and reliability testing, and hypotheses are tested statistically using correlational analysis, path analysis and multiple regression analysis. Results support a positive relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and sustainable corporate entrepreneurship in terms of increased internal corporate venturing, strategic entrepreneurship, and competitive capability. Moreover, the results indicate this relationship is influenced by alliances and moderated by strategic regulatory factors.
Keywords: Corporate sustainability; Corporate entrepreneurship; Entrepreneurial orientation; Regulations; Collaborations; Innovation; South Africa.
Agricultural sustainability under emerging climatic variability: The role of climate-smart agriculture and relevant policies in India
by Jeetendra Prakash Aryal, Tek B. Sapkota, Dil Bahadur Rahut, M.L. Jat
Abstract: Global demand for agricultural products continues to grow while production resources are diminishing. Increasing climatic variability poses further challenges. Therefore, ensuring agricultural sustainability necessitates a transformation of the production system to make it more productive, input-efficient and to lower the environmental footprint. Such a transformation requires system-wide actions and considerable changes in governance, policies, and institutions. On this pretext, we examined if existing climate-smart agriculture (CSA) can enhance adaptation to and mitigation of climate change and overall food security in India. We found that CSA can substantially
contribute towards climate change adaptation, mitigation, and food security.
Mainstreaming CSA practices into development planning through CSVs would create mutual benefits by generating evidences based on CSAs at local level, thereby contributing to the design of local adaptation plans of action (LAPA) and further feed information into state and national action plans on climate change. Thus, we propose to mainstream CSA into development planning.
Keywords: CSA; climate-smart agriculture; CSV; climate-smart village; climate change; local adaptation plans; India.
Environmental impact and sustainability assessment associated with solid waste management in Patras, Greece: A useful guide for medium-sized cities
by Dionisios Galanis, Foteini Konstandakopoulou
Abstract: Due to the lack of appropriate policies in the last decades, Greece has delayed to adopt integrated practices of solid waste management. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management has been recognized as one of the most urgent problems in Greece which was compelled by European Engagements to follow an efficient strategy. An integrated methodology for the MSW management of the Municipality of Patras, the third largest city in Greece, which involves the construction of a combustion unit, is developed and analyzed. This study is proposed as a useful guide for the waste management of the MSW in medium-sized cities which face similar waste management problems. In order to achieve a successful methodology, the individual stages of the proposed management plan, the energy recovery through the combustion, the average density, moisture, dry weight and elemental analysis of MSW are in-detail presented. Furthermore, the estimated investment and operating cost of the suggested scenario and the implementation of a pilot composting scheme are comprehensively presented in the prism of current trends and the provisions of EU norms. It is concluded that the combination and synergy of various management strategies is compulsory for sustainable development instead of a specific and exclusive application of a MSW management plan.
Keywords: Environmental impact assessment; sustainable development; waste management; energy recovery.
Evaluating ESG disclosures of Islamic Banks: Evidence from the Organization of Islamic Cooperation Members
by Amina Buallay
Abstract: This study considers the level of Environment Social and Governance (ESG) disclosures in the Islamic banks listed on the Organization of Islamic Cooperation Members stock Exchange and investigates the relationship between ESG disclosures and banks financial, operational and market performance. We examine 59 banks for 10 years (2007-2016), ends up with 561 observations. The independent and dependent variables of the study are Environment, Social and Governance disclosures and Return on Assets (ROA), Return on Equity (ROE) and Tobins Q (TQ) respectively. In addition, the study utilizes bank specific and macroeconomic control variables in order to help measuring the relationship between ESG disclosures and banks performance. The findings of descriptive analysis showed that ESG tends to be higher with banks that have high financial leverage ratio and more assets. Further, the corporate governance disclosure is better in banks located in high Gross Domestic Product (GDP) countries and high public governance countries. In contra, the social and environmental disclosure is better in banks located in low GDP countries and low governance countries. The causality result shows that TQ is greater because of ESG. Although the results of regression found significant positive impact of ESG on the performance, the relationship between these disclosures is vary if measured individually; the environmental disclosure found positively affect the ROA and TQ. Whereas, the corporate social responsibility disclosure is negatively affect the three models. Last but not the least, the corporate governance disclosure found negatively affects the financial and operational performance. However, positively affect the TQ.
Keywords: ESG disclosure; Islamic Banks; Performance; Organization of Islamic Cooperation Members; Sustainability report.
ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS THROUGH PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP: CRITICAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS
by Svetlana Maslova
Abstract: SDGs are essential within the paradigm of sustainable development. They not only reflect the ideology of economic, social and environmental priorities in a balanced manner, but also contain specific measures for achieving them. These measures are multiple and diverse. However, not all of them are truly understood so far. This is especially true for PPP, which is the innovative tool of an interaction between governments and business. With regard to research needs, there is clearly a lack of data and critical reviews of PPP as a means of achieving SDGs. The intention behind this study is to test the hypothesis that PPP can be considered as the key means of SDGs implementation. The study reveals that PPP has features that guarantee its real contribution to achieving SDGs. Meanwhile, PPP should not be regarded as the only way to achieve SDGs. The recommendations concerning national strategies and international cooperation to achieve SDGs through PPP are proposed.
Keywords: sustainable development goals; SDGs; innovation means of achieving; public private partnership; PPP; national policy; international cooperation; case-study.
Investigating business model innovation for sustainability: Cases from Thailand
by Janthorn Sinthupundaja, Youji Kohda, Navee Chiadamrong, Suttipong Thajchayapong
Abstract: Business model innovation for sustainability is increasingly being recognised as a key to delivering and generating economic, social, and environmental sustainability through a firm's thinking and actions. As empirical exploration has largely focused on developed countries, there is a research gap in how this may provide sustainability within emerging market contexts. We aimed at investigating the key characteristics and mechanisms that were driving business model innovation for sustainability and how these elements contributed to sustainability in emerging markets. Our research was drawn from two case studies in Thailand where data were collected from diverse primary and secondary sources. The findings indicated that social value embeddedness that was in firms value propositions by co-producing it with economic value propositions, collaboration and involvement with non-profit organisations (NPOs) and/or local communities to create shared value, and financial self-sustainability, were important keys to business model innovation to attain sustainability.
Keywords: business model; innovation; business model innovation; sustainability; business model innovation for sustainability; value proposition; value creation; value capture; collaboration approach; case analysis; emerging markets; Thailand.
Applying ISO26000 and the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy to Measure the Sustainability of State Owned Enterprises in Thailand
by Nattawee Chaloemvivatkit, AIM-ORN JAIKENGKIT
Abstract: This study intends to construct a composite index for the government, in order to assess and improve Thai State Owned Enterprises (SOEs)s financial performance, operations, and ethical behaviors; according to the sustainability definition as put forward by Coblentz (2002). The construction of the index follows the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)s approach, and was compiled by surveying existing literature related to ISO 26000, the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy, and the Sustainable Balanced Scorecard. After in-depth and semi-structured interviews with the experts, the data from 55 SOEs during the period 2010 to 2017 were statistically tested. The resulting index was composed of 4 dimensions namely, leadership which focuses on ethics and balanced growth; sustainable strategic management; managing finances with balance and sufficiency; and good governance and the promotion of responsibility and sufficiency within SOEs. The assessment results from this index will benefit the government in terms of the determination of policy and lead to improvements to SOEs sustainability.
Keywords: State-owned Enterprise; Sustainable scorecard measurement; ISO 26000; Sufficiency Economy Philosophy.
A conceptual framework for purchase intention of sustainable life insurance: A Comprehensive Review
by Muhammad Mehedi Masud, Noor Azina Ismail, Mahfuzur Rahman
Abstract: The insurance industry plays a substantial role in sustainable development by providing social and financial security. Sustainable insurance is a new concept and a strategic approach to sustainability. It is an innovative solution that improves business performance and contributes to economic, social and environmental sustainability. However, studies show that the majority of the population in Asia does not have insurance which could be detrimental to their future livelihoods, particularly in the event of illness or death. Therefore, this study proposes a conceptual framework to attract the households intention to purchase life insurance in Malaysia. The proposed framework is developed based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and a comprehensive review of previous studies. This framework will contribute to raising public awareness by providing the information necessary to help them understand the many benefits of a life insurance policy. This awareness may also propel the nation towards embracing full insurance inclusion for its citizens. The outcome would assist policymakers and the insurance industry to take the appropriate steps to develop relevant policies for promoting the benefits of having life insurance in Malaysia.
Keywords: Awareness; Attitudes towards life insurance; Framework; and Purchase Intention.
Effect of Creativity and Innovation Based Training on Small Enterprises Performance: Evidence from Ethiopia
by Arega Shumetie Ademe, Wondifraw Mihret
Abstract: Development policy makers often stipulate directives to capacitate human capital that is integral to surmount challenges, unlock potentials and enhance competitiveness. This study analysed the effect of evolutionary process of creativity and innovation based Technical Vocational Education and Training [TVET] on Small Enterprises [SEs] performance in Ethiopia. It adds new insights to creativity and innovation theory signifying how far evolutionary socio-cognitive oriented creativity trainings attribute to enterprises performance. Propensity score matching and causal inference econometric model analyses of the data collected from randomly selected 146 manufacturing SEs revealed that creativity and innovation strategies are partially harnessed in everyday practices of trained enterprises. Insignificant differences were observed between trained and untrained SEs in creative thinking, motivation, innovative practices and searching for opportunities. The TVET trainings offered to SEs significantly affected capital and asset accumulation whereas short-term trainings do have slightly significant effect on capital accumulation. Thus, intensifying the quality and scope of short-term trainings, policy makers and enterprise development agents, at different levels, should prioritized sustaining creativity and innovation human development strategies to enhance the performance of SEs.
Keywords: Creativity; Innovation; Enterprises; TVET strategy; Business performance.
SOCIAL INNOVATION AND SOCIAL BUSINESS: INVESTIGATION OF THE BUSINESS MODEL OF THE BRAZILIAN HOUSING PROGRAM MY HOUSE, MY LIFE
by BRUNO SILVA QUIRINO, RIVADAVIA CORREA DRUMMOND ALVARENGA NETO, RODRIGO BARONI DE CARVALHO
Abstract: The goal of this paper is to analyse the Brazilian Government Housing Program My House, My Life from the perspectives of social innovation and social business. By using a qualitative descriptive approach, data was collected through semi-structured interviews, documentary research and direct observation in the Programs value constellation performed by a federal financial institution. Twelve in-depth interviews were performed with the housing Programs stakeholders including civil construction businessmen, mayors, executives of the financial institution and people benefited by the Program. The following categories of analysis were defined: i) concept, legislation, metrics, and results of the Program; ii) Program business model; iii) financial profit equation and social profit equation. Although fulfilling the requirements of a social innovation initiative and offering large and significant social benefits, the Program cannot be characterised as a social business due to the need of constant Federal Government funding , and also because of the fact that its target group is treated as the programs beneficiary and not as a customer. The paper categorizes the Brazilian housing program into social innovation schemas and discusses the suitability of these theoretical classifications in the praxis of a large developing country.
Keywords: social innovation; business model; social business model; Program My House My Life (Minha Casa Minha Vida); housing industry.
The Strategic Management of Sustainable Innovation and its relation to Business Models and Corporate Performance
by Jordana Marques Kneipp, Clandia Maffini Gomes, Carlos Maria Fernandez Jardón, Roberto Schoproni Bichueti, Kamila Frizzo
Abstract: The present study aims to analyze the relationship between the strategic management of sustainable innovation, business models, and business performance of manufacturing companies. The study is characterized as quantitative and consisted of a survey with fifty-one Brazilian industrial companies. Results showed that strategic management for sustainable innovation is associated with the business model and corporate performance, whereas positive associations between dependent and independent variable dimensions were found. Differences were found between adopting a management approach for sustainable innovation, innovation degree of the business model, and corporate performance, considering that there were significant differences in the means difference test and logistic regression analysis. Thus, it was possible to confirm the guiding hypotheses of this study. As the main contributions of research, it is possible to highlight, at a theoretical level, the diffusion of a model that jointly covers the management of sustainable innovation, business models, and performance. At a practical level, the understanding of the behavior of industrial companies in Brazil contributes to the diffusion of practices that respond to specific questions in the context of the companies' performance. Finally, at the social level, understanding the benefits of adopting a strategic management of sustainable innovation favors the minimizing negative socio-environmental impacts.
Keywords: Strategic management; Sustainable innovation; Business model; Corporate performance.
Sustainable product innovation as antecedent to economic success: A survey in manufacturing industries
by Julio Cesar Ferro De Guimarães, Eliana Andréa Severo, Rosana Da Rosa Portella Tondolo, Eric Charles Henri Dorion
Abstract: Innovation for sustainable product is an efficient means of transforming the economic reality of an organization and reducing environmental impacts caused by industrial activity, driven by increasing consumption of natural resources. In this regard, this research aims to measure the relationship of Environmental Management Practices, Human Resources and Corporate Social Responsibility constructs, as antecedents to Sustainable Product Innovation, as well as to evaluate the relationship of this construct with economic success. The research is the result of a survey of 696 companies in the manufacturing industry of the Brazilian metallurgical sector. In analysing the data, the Structural Equation Modelling to articulate the descriptive research was used. This research contributes academically to the provision of scales, theoretically supported and statistically validated. At the management level, our results assist management decisions on the use of strategic resources.
Keywords: Sustainable product innovation; Environmental management practices; Human resources; Corporate social responsibility; Structural equation modelling; Brazil.
Measurement of product innovation in small and medium size enterprises (SMEs): a case study in Oman
by Ahm Shamsuzzoha, Mahmood Al-Kindi
Abstract: In this research study, an attempt has been taken to measure the level of product innovation in Oman. The aims of this research were to measure the product innovation level of selected small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Oman and to assess necessary effort to improve product innovation level to a standard level. To fulfil these objectives, 24 SMEs engaged in both manufacturing and service sectors were selected, studied and analysed. The outcomes from the study indicates that the level of product innovation in selected Omani SMEs are noticeably low and substantial efforts are necessary to improve it to a standard level. In order to demonstrate the procedural steps to calculate and measure the product innovation level and necessary effort, out of 24 SMEs one SME was highlighted within the scope of this paper. Overall
study outcomes are discussed in conclusion section along with research limitations and future research directions.
Keywords: product innovation; innovation level; innovation performance; Omani SMEs; case study.
Intellectual treatment of the normative notion sustainability
by A. M. M. Maruf Hossain
Abstract: Different classification schemes group the diverse meanings associated with sustainability in different ways. While one of these contrasts between universalist, thick and procedural sustainability, another views its meanings either through a set of social-ecological criteria, or a vision of humankind, or an object/ thing/ phenomenon, or an approach of study. While all these classes exhibit a fragmentary, selective nature of conceptualizing sustainability, an appropriate intellectual treatment of the notion would instead require an integrated, non-reductionist nature of enquiry that can produce understandings on the entirety of reality as the problems of sustainability exist only on the totality of reality. The selective nature of the reductionist, fragmented nature of enquiries does not appear problematic as a given study attempts to understand only a particular fragment of reality. However, this approach becomes inadequate as well as normativeregardless of how analytical or operative it could bewhen there is a need to study the entirety of reality. This effectively renders the notion of sustainability, as approached in our present intellectual discourse, to be acknowledged as a normative concept. Through analyzing relevant published literature as secondary data within the frame of fundamental research, this article asks how intellectual the notion of sustainability is. It reveals problems with the nature, definition and foundation of the discourse of Sustainability Science. Drawing on the difference between a normative essence and a fundamental intellectual perspective, this research establishes the necessity of discovering the knowledge avenue of the scholarship of sustainability instead of imaginatively describing a normative-speculation-based treatment of it. The research also develops a fundamental intellectual perspective on sustainability.
Keywords: sustainability; intellectual treatment of sustainability; the scholarship of sustainability; epistemology of sustainability; Sustainable Development; fundamental research.
Business models as framework for sustainable value-creation Strategic and operative leadership challenges
by Åge Svein Gjøsæter, Øyvin Kyvik, Jon Gunnar Nesse, Torbjørn Årethun
Abstract: This study explores leadership challenges related to the operationalisation of sustainable business models in offshore shipping. Based on a comparative case study, the study finds that the business model framework and the business model canvas building blocks must be adapted and adjusted to the resources and capabilities of the firm and its strategic and industrial context and operation. Another crucial finding is that the processes and relationships between the business models building blocks the day-to-day actions and activities in developing, implementing and gradually revising and auditing a chosen business model are strongly leadership and management intensive. By giving an example of sustainable value-creation, the study contributes to the state-of-the-art of corporate sustainability management and development by illustrating how new business models can be pursued in the maritime shipping industry.
Keywords: business models; business model canvas; sustainability; value-creation; leadership; strategising; innovation; maritime shipping industry; Norway.
Sustainable Intellectual Human Capital and Corporate Social Innovation: A Sustainable Development Framework
by Azlan Amran, Lim Chia Yon, Shaian Kiumarsi, Amar Hisham Jaaffar
Abstract: Corporate social innovation (CSI) is an emerging concept which is fundamental for the 21st Century business in order to attain business performance and sustainable social development. However, human capital plays a vital role for firms that seek to pursue CSI goals. Therefore, this paper seeks to unveil the important attributes of CSI as well as examines the role of intellectual human capital on CSI. It discusses the conceptualisation of CSI which seems to be obviously absent in the literature. In this paper, CSI encompasses any kind of innovative actions or activities which combines a distinctive set of corporate research and development in order to generate advanced solutions to complex sustainability issues which influence the sustainability of business and society. This paper determines many dimensions of human capital with a view to providing insights into the vital role of human capital in facilitating CSI practices. Based on Resource-Based View (RBV), it is expected that this paper would provide valuable explanations on the influence of intellectual human capital on CSI activities. It focuses on intellectual human capital (i.e. employees competence, creativity, effectiveness, attitude, retention and development) which enhance efficient task performance and problem-solving of real-world sustainability challenges, problems and opportunities. This paper offers an in-depth knowledge regarding the relationship between sustainability-related intellectual human capital and CSI.
Keywords: Intellectual Human Capital; Corporate Social Innovation; Resource-Based View.
Key Enabling Technologies and measuring of the company performance in relation to sustainable development: evaluation model design
by Monika Duskova
Abstract: Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) is the concept of the European Commission describing the technologies that are expected to enhance the competitiveness of the European small and medium-sized enterprises and to significantly contribute to solving the societal and environmental challenges. Evaluation of the KETs implementation at macro (country) level is frequently realized by using specifically developed quantitative and qualitative evaluation model for the purpose of the European Commission. Nevertheless, at micro (company) level, the performance measurement of companies implementing KETs has not been studied yet. The objective of the paper is to design the KETs evaluation model for measuring of the company performance. Furthermore, the model is applied on a preliminary survey of Czech manufacturing KETs-performing companies. As the result, the evaluation model of KETs implementation in companies is based on environmental, social and economic pillars of sustainable development but is extended by additional technological pillar, which is considered as a crucial for KETs
Keywords: innovation; sustainability; company performance; corporate sustainability; technology; Key Enabling Technologies; European Union.
The process of innovation as a determinant factor of sustainable development in companies
by Jorge Carro Suarez, Susana Sarmiento Paredes, Genoveva Rosano Ortega, Jaime Garnica Gonzalez, Carlos Arturo Vega Lebrún
Abstract: At present, to compete openly in global markets, two concepts are needed to generate competitive advantages: innovation and sustainability. Several studies have presented strategies to relate them. However, a model that promotes the sustainability dimensions through innovation focused on an integral recognition is needed. The aim of this research is to determine the influence of innovation factors on a sustainable development model. The methodology consisted of analyzing and selecting a published model of the innovation process as well as one model of sustainable development to identify the correlation between them. For this purpose, an instrument of analysis was designed and was applied in the ceramic coating sector in Tlaxcala, Mexico. The information obtained was analyzed by means of statistical analysis. The results showed significant correlations and a model of Innovation-Sustainable Development was proposed, concluding that the model represents a new way to promote sustainability through a culture of innovation
Keywords: innovation process factors; sustainable development dimensions; innovation and sustainable development model; correlation analysis; regression analysis; ceramic coating industry,; ceramic tile industry; ceramic coating sector; culture of innovation; companies.
Managing Sustainable Development of Government Link Companies (GLCs) in Malaysia through Emotional Intelligence and Organizational Politic
by Wan Noordiana Wan Hanafi, Salina Daud
Abstract: Today, the business climate is highly flexible and demands quick responses. Organizational politics are becoming a common topic in management studies because of the negative influence it can have on the workforce. This study was conducted to examine the effect of emotional intelligence on organizational politics in Government Link Companies (GLCs) in Malaysia. The studys research framework was supported by the Leader-member Exchange Theory. Data was collected from middle to top level managers in the Government Link Companies (GLCs) in Malaysia using a cross sectional study and a stratified random sampling method. Three hundred and twenty-five usable questionnaires were collected and analysed using a two-stage approach in Partial Least Square Structural Equation Model (PLS-SEM). The findings show that there is a significant link between emotional intelligence and organizational politics. This study provides an understanding that the presence of emotional intelligence can help in improving a leaders ability to manage the political environment. Emotional intelligence and organizational politics are necessary skills for managers to sustain organizational development. Thus, emotional intelligence abilities are vital in order to successfully overcome organizational politics and succeed in the workplace. This study could be replicated within other industries such as small medium enterprises (SME) and multi-national companies (MNCs) by refining the items used as a measurement variable.
Keywords: Sustainable organization; Emotional intelligence; Government Link Companies; Organizational politic.
Does CSER is a driver of innovation? Evidence from French listed companies
by Sana TRIKI DAMAK
Abstract: This study examines whether socially responsible firms carry higher research and development (R&D) intensity and how corporate governance quality influences this investment. Based on a sample of French firms belonging to the SBF 120 index from 2012 to 2016, the results show that firms with higher corporate social and environmental responsibility (CSER) score have greater R&D intensity. These companies try to protect environment and to create positive social impact by the use of new technologies. Moreover, the findings confirm that firms with better corporate governance quality invest more on R&D. Finally, the results reveal that some control variables influence significantly R&D intensity. The findings in this research may be of practical interest to investors, sustainable professionals and modern consumers who are aware of social and environmental concerns and who are trying to keep
themselves informed about strategies used by businesses to improve CSER practices.
Keywords: CSER; corporate social and environmental responsibility; research and development; corporate governance; board of directors.
Sustainable knowledge flow and innovation in higher education: The implementation of change management in universities
by Muftahu Jibirin Salihu
Abstract: One of the most difficult tasks in higher educational institutions is to implement effective and constructive changes within already functioning system. Resistance and unwillingness of the institutional members are the main barriers for an institution to implement a required change. This is especially the case when facilitating knowledge flow and innovation mindset in higher education. Therefore, in order to implement an efficient change in an institution requires a combination of internal and external forces. Leaders must keep in mind that in many instances individuals outside the institution will play a major role in developing the priorities of their institution and in determining whether or not a proposed innovation can be fostered. In this regard, this paper intends to describe how to facilitate the flow of knowledge and adopt an innovation mindset in the context of higher education or higher learning institutions. In addition, this paper also discusses three domains of a comprehensive implementation or change management plan: structure, culture, and strategies. The change management plan presented in this paper demonstrates how a change initiative can be undertaken in a higher educational institution in the context of knowledge flow and adoption of the innovation mindset. The main outcome of the paper is that institutional mission, vision and priorities need to be clearly understood by every member of the staff in order to support and facilitate change and innovative thinking.
Keywords: Sustainability; Knowledge; Change Management; Change Initiative; Knowledge Flow.
Quality of Life and Redevelopment of Wakaf Che Yeh, Kelantan, Malaysia.
by Oliver Ling, Nur Asma Aqmalina Hadzaman, Marlyana Azyyati Marzukhi
Abstract: The redevelopment of Wakaf Che Yeh from an open-air night market into a permanent structure commercial area with shops and roadside stalls affected the quality of life (QOL) of the surrounding residents. QOL is related to the level of satisfaction and the wellbeing of the people. By carrying out a house-to-house questionnaire survey, the impact of Wakaf Che Yehs redevelopment on the QOL of the surrounding residents was identified. The study examined the impact of the Wakaf Che Yeh redevelopment on QOL in terms of its physical, economic and social aspects as well as overall impact. The findings showed that the majority of respondents felt that the physical and economic aspects of QOL had decreased. However, the social aspect and overall QOL had increased. All the three (3) aspects of QOL, namely physical, economic, and social, were significantly correlated to the overall QOL impact value. However, there was a stronger relationship between overall QOL and the social aspect as compared to the correlation between overall QOL and the physical or economic aspects. In fact, the nature of QOL leaned more towards the social concern or wellbeing of people. Subsequently, recommendations were proposed for the local government and planners to improve the commercial activities in the study area.
Keywords: Commercial; Economic; Impact; Physical; Quality of Life (QOL); Redevelopment; Social; Wellbeing.
Sustainable Public Value: A step towards Green public organization for sustaiable society
by Abdul Sami, Asmara Irfan, Muhammad Imran Qureshi, Ahmad Jusoh, Khalil Md Nor, Mansoor Nazir Bhatti
Abstract: The development of sustainable society is the major concern for todays world. Researchers and practitioner from all over the world try to adress the environmental challenges to develop the sustainable society. Public organisations are considered as a good custodians of energy and environmental resources consumed in their day-to-day operations. Most of the public organisations have affirmed their policies to alleviate the environmental impact of their operations. These green public organisations played an important role to develope sustainable societies. This sustainable development emerged through green public organisation and these green public organisation established by following sustainable public value practices in the organisation. This study collected data from 320 local government officers of Pakistan and used the smart PLS to statistically analyse the data. Results revealed that the Sustainable public organisation can strengthen society and create public value.
Keywords: Sustainable public value; Green public Organization; Sustainabale society.
ITAIPU TECHNOLOGICAL PARK (ITP) SOCIO-TECHNICAL TRANSITION TO SUSTAINABILITY
by Andriele De Prá Carvalho, Aline Dario Silveira, Sieglinde Kindl Da Cunha, Fabiana Regina Veloso
Abstract: Environmental problems arising from uncontrolled growth increased the interest in studies that combine innovation and sustainability. In this sense, eco-innovation is an approach that contributes to the understanding of the relation between society, economy and the environment. Technology parks are considered innovative environments for the development of new technologies, which can be explained by the socio-technical transition theory. Thus, the objective of this article was to analyze the transition from the eco-innovating niche to an eco-innovating regime at the Itaipu Technological Park, by basing on a socio-technical approach to understand the different co-evolution influences on the social and technical environment. We were able to show that the ITP, with support from their sponsor, Itaip
Keywords: Multi-level analysis; socio-technical transition; eco-innovation; ITP.
Creating Innovation Policy and Ecological System in Developing Countries United Arab Emirates (UAE) Model
by Bashar El-Khasawneh
Abstract: This paper focuses on the innovation systems in developing countries and the complementing role of government, the private sector, and the society in forming a functioning ecological innovation system. This paper is targeted at policymakers to help them formulate regulations and frameworks towards creating the legislative and promotion systems to advance innovation within a society. All stakeholders within the society would carry out the tasks of promoting innovation. This paper addresses the policies and roles of the government, industry, and academia in advancing science and technology, which indirectly impacts innovation. Additionally, it provides a more methodological scheme in advancing innovation. These mechanisms span activities within the education system (primary and secondary), undergraduate and postgraduate studies, media, and businesses. The innovation drivers for creativity are identified and briefly explained; then, several key performance indicators are listed which would help in assessing drivers of innovation and their impact. Towards the end of the paper, the national innovation system in the UAE is shown in some detail with related initiatives. This could provide a working model for developing countries with similar conditions and constraints.
Keywords: Innovation; Creativity; Policy; Developing Countries; Eco System; and Entrepreneurship.
Governance, sustainability and carbon markets under the Paris Agreement
by Josu Martinez-Serrano, Miguel Cuerdo-Mir
Abstract: The entry into force of the Paris Agreement, which can be considered the new international consensus to tackle reductions on greenhouse gas emissions from 2020, is facing up many unknown issues on methodology and governance. These are topics under constant negotiation among its signatory Parties. This paper, which methodology relies on a normative analysis of legal texts and bibliographic review on the carbon markets, identifies the key elements of this compromise, and shapes its weaknesses, paying special attention to the rules on carbon markets. It also outlines the obstacles that the already ongoing Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol is facing up nowadays. Clearing up those uncertainties could trigger the development of new projects and innovation to obtain measurable emission reductions under the scope of the new compromise.
Keywords: Paris Agreement; climate change; climate policy; sustainable development; flexible mechanisms; carbon markets.
Splitting up Dhaka City: Rationales, Challenges and Prospects as a Sustainable City
by Md. Wahid Murad, Md. Mahmudul Alam, Shawon Muhammad Shahriar
Abstract: The main objective of this study is to analyse the rationales, challenges and prospects of Dhaka City being split up, for the purposes of creating a sustainable city grounded in relevant theories and widely used and accepted standards. We cited the opinions of urban planners and politicians and referred to relevant theories and standards to achieve this objective. An assessment of Dhaka being divided in accordance with the concept of City Development Strategies reveals considerable deficiencies in most aspects of public goods and services provisions. Whilst splitting Dhaka into separate sections supports the World City Hypothesis it is not without criticisms, for instance those raised by urban planners, experts and politicians. The lack of resources and oversight to address those deficiencies and problems and the administrative, allocative, economic and social inefficiencies makes it very difficult for Dhakas authorities to achieve sustainable urbanisation. For this reason, stringent decisions and appropriate strategies must be implemented by the Bangladeshi government to resolve these problems, inefficiencies and mismanagement in order for the city to be liveable sustainable.
Keywords: Dhaka city; Sustainable city; City split; City development strategies; Sustainable urbanization; World City Hypothesis.
Integrating Innovation and Sustainability into Tour Operator Business
by Salmi Mohd Isa, Maisarah Abd Hamid, Amar Hisham Jaaffar
Abstract: The participation of different stakeholders is necessary to ensure the sustainable development of the tourism sector. Tour operator is one of the crucial stakeholders that have an influence on sustainable tourism due to the fundamental relationship between tour operator roles and sustainable tourism practices. Nevertheless, the empirical studies on sustainable tourism focus mainly on the destination area, while the sustainable destination management of tourism activities have not been explored. Therefore, this study makes a unique contribution to the extant literature by examining sustainable tourism. It also emphases on the quest for sustainable destination as a mediator in the proposed model. The study administers a survey questionnaire to the tour operators, out of which 228 completed questionnaires were returned. This study pursues to show the conceptual relationship between sustainable tourism and tour operator roles in Malaysia. Hence, it suggests several conceptualizations of sustainable tourism, along with some potential applications. It develops some indicators for tour operators since recent evidence indicated that the prevailing indicators were developed on a destination basis. The results suggest that sustainable destination management enhances a positive relationship among perceived innovation characteristics and sustainable business orientation on tour operator roles on sustainable tourism. The result reveals that perceived innovation characteristics and sustainable business orientation have direct positive influences on tour operator roles in sustainable tourism. Remarkably, the study also shows that perceived innovation characteristics and sustainable business orientation have effects on tour operator roles in sustainable tourism through sustainable destination management.
Keywords: Perceived Innovation Characteristics; Sustainable Business Orientation; Sustainable Destination Management; Tour Operator Roles on Sustainable Tourism.
Special Issue on: EDaSS VII Knowledge and Sustainability Reflections to Achieve Balanced Societies
Sustainable business model innovation and ethics: A conceptual review from the institutional theory addressing (un)sustainability
by Alberto Peralta, Laura Gismera
Abstract: Being this a period when human activities and creations profoundly alter many geological conditions and processes, here we conceptualise how the sustainable innovation of business models acts as yet another lever for the dissemination of human misbehaviours against the planet and its ecosystems. Departing from the Institutional Theory approach to entrepreneurship and sustainability, we identified institutional and ethical standards and norms that allow a better understanding of the institutional logic behind sustainable business model (SBM) innovation, how it is formed and its consequences in terms of inequity, oppression and exclusion. We have linked those standards with 12 constructs that can guide further empirical analyses; incubators, trainers, investors and policy makers could use them to support entrepreneurs avoid planet challenges and enhance human and non-human ecosystems.
Keywords: SBMs; sustainable innovation; sustainable business models; institutions; values; ethics; anthropocene; entrepreneurship; ecosystems; inequity; exclusion; planet boundaries.
Analysis of Social, Environmental and Economic Sustainability Core: A Bibliometric Overview
by Nuria Bautista-Puig, Elba Mauleón, Elías Sanz-Casado
Abstract: Sustainability has become a global concern in the 21st century. However, sustainability is an ambivalent concept that can be interpreted in many ways. In the beginning, it was environmentally-related. Later, however, it was linked to social or economic sustainability, which was known as the triple bottom-line or the three-pillar model (social/economic and environmental sustainability). Later, additional dimensions were incorporated, such as institutional, cultural, or even spatial.
As a result of the growth and importance of sustainability, this study provides a comprehensive overview of the core of sustainability. With that aim in mind, we will analyse the following aspects of scientific production: volume of scientific output, primary agents involved (countries, institutions), WoS (Web of Science) categories, collaborations, acknowledgment patterns, and thematic analysis. The findings in this paper suggest an increasing growth in scientific output in all areas of sustainability, albeit with different patterns (e.g., collaboration, specialization) among the three pillars.
Keywords: environmental sustainability; social sustainability; economic sustainability; sustainability core; bibliometric indicators.
Special Issue on: AIC 2018 Sustainability in a Multidisciplinary Scenario
Cohesiveness, Social Justice, and Innovativeness with Environmental Sanitation Behaviour
by Yusriani Sapta Dewi
Abstract: This research aimed to observe the relationship between cohesiveness, social justice, and innovativeness with environmental sanitation behaviour on households at Sukakarya, West Java. The method used was survey method with a correlational study by involving 85 samples. There were four instruments which measured environmental sanitation behaviour, cohesiveness, social justice, and innovativeness. Data has been analysed using ANOVA. Research results revealed that there is a positive and significant correlation among those variables, even though it has been controlled by second-order correlation, it is still significant among them. Therefore, it may be concluded that if environmental sanitation behaviour would be improved, then cohesiveness, social justice, and innovativeness should be taken into consideration.
Keywords: cohesiveness; social justice; innovativeness; environmental sanitation behaviour.
Social Exchange Theory in Sustainable Tourism: A case study from Thailand
by Uraiporn Kattiyapornpong, Chatchasorn Kanjanasilanon, Morakot Ditta-Apichai
Abstract: In sustainable tourism development (STD), multi-stakeholders are important in creating a tourism experience. It is therefore significant to understand each stakeholders perception towards STDs benefits and impacts on the local community. This study applies the Social Exchange Theory (SET) to explain all stakeholders perceptions towards STD. Although most SET research in tourism only focuses on residents and tourists perceptions toward tourism, some studies indicate the ambiguous explanation, interpretation and application of SET in understanding the communitys perception toward tourists and tourism development. This paper is part of a larger study that offers better explanation of local leaders and policy makers perceptions towards STD as these stakeholders act as the critical initiators or facilitators in a selected tourism site in the local community. A total of ten local leaders and policy-makers in Thailand was interviewed and the results were thematically analyzed using Nvivo program. Although positive and negative perceptions are anticipated, other insightful results including fostering mutual benefits for all stakeholders in a sustainable way are presented. Sample size, data collection and research methodology are this papers limitation. Further research should include more data from other stakeholders in order to understand the bigger picture of applying SET in sustainable tourism development.
Keywords: Social Exchange Theory (SET); Sustainable Tourism Development; Policy-Makers; Thailand; Koh Kret.
Building a Conducive, Engaged, and Learning Working Environment through Sustainable and Impactful Organizational Culture
by Bradley C.Y. Ho, Norizah Mohd Mustamil, Sharmila Jayasingam
Abstract: A positive working environment that is conducive to engagement and learning among an organizations employees plays an integral role in the overall success and sustainability of the organization itself. However, little has been researched about maintaining and utilizing organizational culture as an impactful tool to create a conducive working environment. This study aims to provide an in-depth analysis of using organizational culture as a sustainable tool to bring about lasting changes in the organizational ecosystems that contribute to employee engagement and lifelong learning. Samples from 472 respondents were obtained, and SEM analyses using SmartPLS were employed in this study. The empirical results demonstrate that bureaucratic organizational culture has no impact on engagement and lifelong learning among employees. Although innovative organizational culture is the most effective in promoting employee engagement, it does not impact employee lifelong learning disposition. Interestingly, supportive organizational culture negatively impacts engagement, but contributes to workforce lifelong learning. This research serves as an emphasis that a conducive working environment can be created with proactive nurturing of organizational knowledge as the inherent culture of the organization. Therefore, the future health of the workforce depends on the present utilization of the building blocks of organizational culture.
Keywords: Organizational Culture; Lifelong Learning; Employee Engagement; Conducive Working Environment.
Determinants of Urban Residential Water Demand in Libya
by Mabroka Mohamed Daw, Elhadi Ramadan Abdulhadi, Mohd Ekhwan Toriman
Abstract: This article analyzes the effect of several economic, environmental and social determinants for the per capita demand for water in Libya. Besides prices, income and population size, the article reflects the impact of urban population size, the temperature, summer temperature, and precipitation. The article also explores why the current per capita residential water demand in the urban areas is about more than in the other areas in Libya. In this study, the econometric model based on E-views method, instrumental-variable procedures, the ARDL model and the demand equation are applied. The cointegration analysis has shown a significant positive effect of temperature on water demand over the short and long term with partial flexibility of long-term temperature (5.44). Also, there is a positive relationship between rainfall and water demand in the long term and its less impact in the short term. There is a significant positive relationship between urban population and water demand. The greater urban population is greater the water demand and vice versa, partial flexibility of the urban population in the long term is at 0.23. On the other hand, there is a significant negative effect of income on water demand. Therefore, water demand is inflexible to changes in income. The study demonstrated that there is a negative effect on water price in relation to water demand. The estimated long-term variable of water value is 220.98, indicates that if the water price increases by 100%, the demand for water will go down by 221%.
Keywords: Urban Residential Water Demand; Water resources Libya; Water situation in Libya; Determinants water demand.
Special Issue on: CR-SD Perspectives on the Interface Between Corporate Responsibility and Sustainable Development
Change is Possible: The Effects of a Corporate Social Responsibility Course on Business Student Attitudes
by Dustin Quirk
Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess if fourth year undergraduate business students attitudes towards business ethics and corporate social responsibility changed as a result of taking an elective management course on the topic. Findings suggested that a course on business ethics and corporate social responsibility had significant impact on improving a business students attitudes towards the long term benefits of sound business ethics and corporate social responsibility, the benefits of addressing stakeholders, the understanding of the social license to operate, and the use of social responsibility as a tool to address government regulations. The study also found that initial student attitudes (pre-course) were generally favourable towards business ethics and corporate social responsibility.
Keywords: Business student attitudes; business ethics; corporate social responsibility; stakeholders; social licence to operate.
Developing a framework for sustainable development in extractive industries: a Latin America perspective.
by Philip Walsh, Mauricio Ferro
Abstract: This paper serves to examine the roles and responsibilities of nation States in managing their extractive industries and maintaining the sustainable development of their natural resources. In Latin America there exist areas where the State is weak and communities must rely on extractive industry actors and non-State actors to replace the State in providing the necessary services to allow for the communities to remain sustainable; economically, socially and environmentally. In order to assist extractive sector firms in evaluating their roles under that circumstance we put forward a conceptual framework that provides the principal questions that need to be considered in order to establish the rules of engagement with stakeholders and provides key principles, goals, and standards that inform the actions to be taken to promote sustainable development.
Keywords: Extractive Sector; Latin America; Sustainable Development; Framework of Analysis; Stakeholder Engagement.
Water Quality Protection of the Canada-U.S. Great Lakes: Examining the Emerging State/Non-state Governance Approach
by Madeleine Martin, Kernaghan Webb
Abstract: This article explores the growing contribution of non-state actors (private sector and civil society) in the environmental regulatory governance of the North American Great Lakes and maps the various state and non-state rule-instruments, institutions, processes and actors (governance arrangements), focusing on arrangements in Ontario, Canada. The resultant combination of state and non-state regulatory arrangements in operation, sometimes functioning in a collaborative manner, sometimes in more of an adversarial way, aligns well with Webbs (2005) concept of sustainable governance. The issue of microbeads pollution in the Great Lakes is highlighted as an illustration of how state and non-state actors are variously responding to an environmental issue, and provides evidence of how the norm of water quality protection is increasingly addressed and embedded through both state and non-state mechanisms in the larger social environment.
Keywords: regulation; governance; Great Lakes; sustainable governance; corporate social responsibility; water quality control; sustainability; remediation.
Special Issue on: ICESW2017 Innovative Development Towards Sustainable Technologies
Experimental and Parametric Analysis of a Thermoelectric Refrigerator
by FRANCIS ONOROH, MERCY OGBONNAYA, OBIORA NNAEMEKA EZENWA, EMMANUEL OLUWAFEMI ODUBIYI
Abstract: The adverse effects of refrigerants used in vapour compression refrigeration systems (VCRS) on the environment necessitated that alternative ways of cooling to be explored. Thermoelectric refrigeration systems can be used for cooling without the use of refrigerants. In this study, a cascade comprising of eight thermoelectric modules were used to reduce the temperature of a fourteen litre refrigeration chamber from 28.7
Keywords: coefficient of performance; thermoelectric; modules; temperature;
refrigeration chamber; Peltier effect; module resistance; module conductance; cooling load; temperature gradient.
Special Issue on: CR-SD Perspectives on the Interface Betw
An application of the foundational principles of the second pillar of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights to the Ranger mine, in the Northern Territory of Australia
by Jeremy Pearce
Abstract: This paper reviews the foundational principles of the second pillar (the corporate responsibility to respect) of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) and applies them to the Ranger mine in the Northern Territory of Australia. It is argued that whilst there is some progress being made and clear acknowledgement and recognition by Rio Tinto that supports the UNGPs, this acknowledgement is yet to translate into meaningful changes on the ground at the Ranger mine. As a result this raises two issues for the UNGPs. Firstly, the efficacy of the UNGPs, as a stand-alone instrument, to deliver increased rights protections for those that need them most. Secondly, commercial realities as opposed to a disregard for human rights, may in some cases explain why companies have not implemented the UNGPs.
Keywords: Human rights; United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs); Mirrar People; Rio Tinto; Responsible Governance.
Special Issue on: CR-SD Perspectives on the Interface Betw...
Obesity: Locating social responsibility in the context of evolving norms
by Louise Manning, Josie Kelly
Abstract: Most countries have experienced a significant increase in the incidence of obesity in their general population over the last twenty years. Indeed, the condition is now so common, commentators conclude that obesity has become normalized and no longer attracts social opprobrium. The prevalence of obesity and related morbidities when the condition is normalized places it beyond the scope of conventional government interventions. In this context, the UK government adopted a multisector approach in England by announcing in 2011 that its policy on obesity would be predicated on the importance of individuals responsibility for their condition, while also facilitating food and drink industry responsibilities to its customers. This paper considers the social trend towards the normalization of obesity as a lens to discuss governments role in supporting businesses to demonstrate and act upon their social responsibilities.
Keywords: Obesity; social norms; corporate norms; food policy; corporate responsibility.