Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development

International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development (IJISD)

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International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development (17 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Innovative green employees: The drivers of corporate eco-innovation?   Order a copy of this article
    by Marc Schmidt-Keilich, Anke Buhl, Elisabeth Süßbauer 
    Abstract: Previous studies have increasingly referred to the green employee as a promising resource for eco-innovation. However, as the concept was only vaguely defined until recently, empirical research is missing. Thus, this paper explores innovative green employees and their potential for eco-innovation, based on interview data from four green German companies of a small to medium size. We find that such employees mainly contribute to corporate eco-innovation by generating and discussing pro-environmental ideas. In our sample, these ideas mainly revolve around fostering eco-friendly consumption at the workplace. Further, our results suggest that innovative green employees contribute to corporate greening by transforming the values and behaviors of colleagues as environmental role-models and opinion leaders. To this end, they draw on their environmental knowledge, professional and private networks, authenticity and credibility as well as on the dialogue culture present in their company.
    Keywords: Eco-innovation; employee innovation; green employee; environmental green behavior; corporate greening.

  • How Industrial Symbiosis Emerges through Partnerships: Actors, Platforms, and Stakeholder Processes Leading to Collaborative Business Models in Port Industrial Areas   Order a copy of this article
    by Lucia Mortensen, Louise Kringelum, Allan Næs Gjerding 
    Abstract: The present paper explores how industrial symbiosis emergence unfolds within port industrial areas. A multiple case study shows how industrial symbiosis emerges through partnering and stakeholder processes that take the form of collaborative business models. Focusing on actors, platforms for collaboration, and content of stakeholder processes, the study identifies drivers for industrial symbiosis emergence, including the importance of geographical proximity and ag-glomeration, which identify port industrial areas as natural habitats for industrial symbiosis. A defining characteristic of industrial symbiosis emergence within port industrial areas is the collec-tive effort of actors to bridge economic, environmental, and social objectives across private and public sectors. Finally, the paper suggests that future research on industrial symbiosis and the emergence thereof within port industrial areas may benefit from insights into corporate social responsibility and the emerging field of servitization.
    Keywords: Industrial symbiosis; industrial symbiosis emergence; partnerships; sustainability; port indus-trial areas; collaborative business models.

  • Evaluation of food technologies across supply chain actors: a systematic review of explanatory models   Order a copy of this article
    by Carolin Kamrath, Joshua Wesana, Hans De Steur, Xavier Gellynck, Stefanie Bröring 
    Abstract: Acceptance of novel technologies along the food supply chain is essential for technology-based innovations to be effective in tackling global challenges such as food security. In order to obtain insights and identify research gaps in the context of food technology evaluation research, this study conducts a systematic review of empirical studies that utilised established explanatory models with food chain actors. Out of 183 primary studies included from 1991 to 2017, the majority was conducted in developed countries, while only 23% targeted developing countries. Further, most studies have looked at genetically modified food, with consumers being the most common stakeholder considered. Regarding the models, theory of planned behaviour and protection motivation theory were by far the most frequently applied explanatory models. Our results highlight the need for research on the evaluation of novel food technologies by non-consumer actors for a holistic understanding across the supply chain.
    Keywords: evaluation; acceptance; adoption; explanatory models; TPB; theory of planned behaviour; PMT; protection motivation theory; food technology; food chain actors; farmer; processor; consumer; systematic review.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2022.10045397
  • The Contributions of Design Thinking to the Conception of a Green Production Model   Order a copy of this article
    by Dusan Schreiber, Paola Schmitt Figueiró, Vanessa Theis 
    Abstract: In order to contribute to the debate on the alternatives for the conception of a Green Production model, this theoretical-reflexive essay was elaborated, which analyzes the contributions offered by the Design Thinking approach. In terms of methodology, we decided to follow the recommendations of the hermeneutic and interpretative method, which provides a comprehensive dialogue between the authors selected for this research. The researchers were careful to choose both classic, seminal and contemporary authors, texts from books and journals, of issues on Sustainability, Production Management, Design Thinking and Green Production, so as to create an appropriate environment for the exchange of ideas and perceptions about the possible thematic convergence. As a conclusion, we verified that the characteristics of the Design Thinking approach allow the identification of details of operational activities, which might be omitted when using other approaches, of a positivist and rational nature.
    Keywords: Production Management; Green Production; Design Thinking.

  • A review of impact of COVID-19 on environment from lens of sustainable development goals   Order a copy of this article
    by Dadabada Pradeep Kumar 
    Abstract: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) impacted the Environment a lot. It is very much helpful to countries to study such impact in bringing things back to normal. This paper presents a novel 3R (Reasons-Responses-Recommendations) approach to study and review the impact of COVID-19 on the Environment from the lens of five related sustainable development goals (SDGs). Exploratory data analysis (EDA) is a facilitator to the 3R approach for uncovering findings from the data using statistical methods and visualisation.
    Keywords: COVID-19; environment; review; sustainable development; EDA; exploratory data analysis; SDG; sustainable development goal.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2021.10043427
  • Green innovation and environmental and financial performance: trends and challenges for future research   Order a copy of this article
    by Jaluza Maria Lima Silva Borsatto, Camila Lima Bazani 
    Abstract: The relationship between green innovation (GI) and company performance has received increasing attention from researchers in recent years. In this way, the present study aims to present a synthesis of the most relevant academic research that relate Green Innovation and the company's financial and environmental performance, knowing in a standardised way the scientific information on the theme. Through an integrative literature review, 66 academic papers published in the journals of Science Direct, Scopus, and Web of Science databases, between 2012 and 2019, were analysed. The results showed that most studies were carried out in industries in developing countries. In addition, the results also demonstrated a positive relationship both between GI and financial performance (55%) and between GI and environmental performance (48%) in most of the studies analysed. These findings can contribute to the researchers for the formation of a solid conceptual based on the subject, guiding for future research.
    Keywords: green innovation; financial performance; environmental performance; integrative literature review; environmental innovation; environmental regulations; eco-innovation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2022.10046138
  • Problems and Solutions: The Sustainable Development Goals in the Age of Green Economy   Order a copy of this article
    by João M. Lopes, José Oliveira 
    Abstract: The "green economy" will shape the global economy over forthcoming decades and generations, and impact on how countries and companies manage their natural capital resources and constraints. This research aims to understand the role that the green economy plays in sustainable business strategies. A qualitative research methodology was used. Interviews were conducted to managers of two Portuguese companies, which take sustainable development goals into account in their business strategies. The results suggest that sustainable development and sustainable business strategies are not always adopted integrally top-down within a company. It was also noted that political changes and decisions imposed by the government positively affect the sustainable business strategies of companies in the renewable energy sector but not in the construction sector. Suggestions were made for policymakers and companies to transform the Portuguese economy into a greener one. Policymakers should strengthen general awareness of this matter by reinforcing existing knowledge of or introducing the topic of the problems and solutions inherent in the concept of a green economy in compulsory education. Companies could form R&D partnerships with higher education institutions to innovate in their sector of activity. Companies could further explore the concept of industrial symbiosis whereby they could develop new products and explore new markets.
    Keywords: Green Economy; Sustainable Development Goals; Green Business; Sustainable Business Strategies; Competitive Advantage.

  • Organizational leadership for sustainability: employees perception on talent retention   Order a copy of this article
    by Priscila Cerutti, João Sarate, Janaina Macke 
    Abstract: This paper aimed to evaluate the factors of sustainable leadership and the relation of these factors with the intention to remain the job. The research analysed 324 interviews with employees from southern Brazil through quantitative techniques, such as linear regression, factorial analysis, and variance analysis. The study revealed that the economic dimension explains 27.60% of the leadership for sustainability, while social and environmental dimensions explain 25.54% and 20.27 %, respectively. Notwithstanding the importance given to the environmental dimension of leadership for sustainability (M= 3.647; SD=0.896), only social and economic dimensions were significantly related to the intention to remain in the organization (adjusted R2 = 0.327). From a leadership for sustainability viewpoint, the research concludes that: (i) human resource policies should be proposed from the leadership for sustainability perspective; (ii) sustainability-focused company programs and actions should be better communicated to employees; and (iii) organizations should invest more in sustainability programs and efforts for the internal public, as a strategy to talent retention. Finally, the study provides relevant evidence for social researchers and human resource managers by distinguishing factors that influence talent retention and recommending elements for a sustainable human resource management debate.
    Keywords: leadership for sustainability; sustainable leadership; triple bottom line; talent retention; developing countries.

  • Government regulations as an opportunity to foster the creation and application of innovations in the context of green organisations: the case of Lithuania   Order a copy of this article
    by Ilona Skačkauskienė, Juliana Smirnova 
    Abstract: The purpose of the research is to identify future directions for improving government regulatory measures that would foster the creation and application of innovations in the context of green organisations. The research methodology included critical analysis, synthesis, and abstraction of scientific literature and strategic documents. The authors conducted structured interviews with representatives of green organisations and an in-depth interview with the representative of a consulting company. The results were processed using the methods of comparative analysis and content analysis. Directions for the improvement of government regulatory measures at the national level have been proposed in order to promote the creation/application of innovations in the context of the development of green organisations. The results of the research have practical implications of forming a basis for improving future governmental regulatory measures in order to foster the creation and application of innovations in green organisations.
    Keywords: green organisation; opportunity to foster innovations; application of innovations; government regulations; development of green organisations; government regulatory measures; promotion of innovations; government support/promotion; legal regulation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2022.10047167
  • Integrating knowledge for environmental innovations in research centres: The key role of industry-based boundary spanners   Order a copy of this article
    by Thomas Lauvås, Marianne Steinmo 
    Abstract: Although the specialised knowledge of universities is considered a significant contribution to firms environmental innovations, gaps remain regarding how firms integrate this knowledge. A rising literature stream on boundary spanning and knowledge integration seeks to investigate how firms achieve such integration; however, in-depth studies at the individual level are lacking. To develop this understanding, we conducted a longitudinal study of industry-based boundary spanners and their knowledge integration activities in research centres. We identified a set of underpinning knowledge transferring, translating, and transforming activities that are performed internally in firms and externally towards research centres to create environmental innovations. We also revealed a pattern in how boundary spanners attend to these activities in the establishment, performance, and end stages of research centres, thus providing guidance for theory and practice on how to develop environmental innovations in research centres.
    Keywords: inter-organisational collaboration; open innovation; university-industry collaboration; research centre; environmental innovation; boundary spanning; boundary spanner; knowledge management; knowledge integration; knowledge transferring; knowledge translating; knowledge transforming; Norway.

  • Environmental Concerns and Financial Performance: Evidence from the EU Regulatory Framework   Order a copy of this article
    by Ricardo Correia, Carmen Mendoza, NURIA SUAREZ 
    Abstract: We analyze the impact of carbon and greenhouse gas emissions on firms accounting and market performance. Over a sample of 115 non-financial firms from 9 European countries during the 2008-2016 period, our results suggest that higher volume of both country-level carbon and greenhouse emissions have, on average, a positive and statistically significant impact on firms accounting performance. However, although negative, no statistical effect is found in terms of stock market performance. The results are more relevant in the case of firms with higher levels of equity and higher levels of intangible assets. We document the existence of an inverse U-shaped relationship between country-level greenhouse emissions and firms performance suggesting that, after a certain point, greenhouse gas emissions negatively affect firms sales. Our results are robust to different estimation technics and control variables, to the consideration of the financial crisis period, and to the inclusion of financial firms in the sample. rn
    Keywords: Carbon emissions; Greenhouse gas emissions; Accounting performance; Market performance; EU.

  • Drivers of sustainable consumption: gender moderating effect   Order a copy of this article
    by Laura Grau-Berlanga, Elena Higueras-Castillo, Aijaz A. Shaikh, Francisco Liébana-Cabanillas 
    Abstract: Sustainable consumption reduces environmental problems. This paper aims to examine the intention to purchase sustainable products and how gender moderates the intention. For this purpose, stimulus-organism-response model was chosen at the level of predicting sustainable behaviour. Data were collected using the online survey from the current or potential users of sustainable goods and services. Major results revealed that perceived behavioural effectiveness and ecological awareness are significant factors driving sustainable purchasing. This research makes explicit contribution to the industry and suggested the importance of adopting a promotional focus on spreading the benefits of sustainable consumption and reducing the environmental problems that plague the planet. In addition, women show a greater predisposition towards sustainable consumption which suggests important practical implications.
    Keywords: sustainable consumption; environmental products; SOR model; gender moderating effect; perceived behavioural effectiveness; ecological awareness; promotional focus.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2022.10049169
  • Environmental factors in the manufacturing process and its role in the sustainable product life cycle: a thematic analysis of Indian manufacturing sustainability reports   Order a copy of this article
    by Savita Sodhi 
    Abstract: Manufacturing industries are beginning to realise the negative impact of ignoring environmental factors during the manufacturing process. Every product has a life cycle which starts from extraction and utilisation of raw material, production and uses to final disposal of a product. Incorporating environmental factors during the manufacturing (production, assembly and testing) stage of the product life cycle leads to sustainable manufacturing. It leads to the improvement and development of a sustainable product life cycle approach. The study's main aim is to identify and explore the significant environmental factors with the impact to improve sustainable product life during product manufacturing. The conducted research helps manufacturing managers to understand various issues related to environmental aspects of the product and how they can be used gainfully to improve the sustainable product life cycle for other products (B2B). This further helps the company to benchmark itself with other companies in its public domain.
    Keywords: TBL; triple bottom line; sustainability; manufacturing; sustainability factors; product life cycle; sustainable product life cycle.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2022.10049677

Special Issue on: ICONIS 2020 Fuzzy Systems in Innovation Management and Sustainability

  • Environmental and socio-technical transitions in IBEX 35 companies: fsQCA analysis of the media representation of innovation and sustainability   Order a copy of this article
    by Fernando Castelló-Sirvent 
    Abstract: Socio-technical transitions and environmental transformation have an important reflection on the decisions of companies. The analysis of the reality refracted in public opinion is a proxy to the change in the management styles of large companies. This paper analysed the sustainability strategies of companies indexed in the IBEX 35. First, a semantic and contextual analysis of 424 news items published in the press for the 35 main Spanish companies during 2019 was carried out using T-LAB software. The Factiva database, owned by Down Jones and Company was used. Second, an fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) analysis was carried out to analyse the dissemination blueprints in international media of the green strategies of the IBEX 35 companies. Economic and media attributes were used to analyse the causal relationship. The results suggest the design and implementation of different strategies for the international media representation of business sustainability.
    Keywords: socio-technical transitions; strategy; fuzzy set; QCA; qualitative comparative analysis; fsQCA; fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis; factiva; IBEX; IBEX 35; green strategies; media representation; fsQCA robustness; fsQCA robustness coefficient.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2021.10039762
  • Role of graduate theses on regional development   Order a copy of this article
    by Samet Kürşat Başol, Alptekin Durmuşoğlu, Türkay Dereli 
    Abstract: Universities are developing strategies to increase the contribution of their activities to their regional and national economy, so the importance of universities in regional development-oriented studies is increasing. In this study, the relationship between universities and the most competitive industries in their regions is analysed with the graduate theses of universities focusing on those industries. Twenty-six universities in Turkey, which are regularly included in seven Entrepreneurial-Innovative University Index (EIUI) rankings, and their regions were selected. The strongest and the most competitive sectors in the manufacturing industry of the selected regions were determined by the Balassa RCA Index and Foreign Trade Balance Index. The number of graduate theses related to those sectors is divided by the number of academicians, and a score is obtained. Universities are ranked according to this score. As a result, this ranking was compared with the EIUI rankings of the universities, and the similarities were interpreted.
    Keywords: smart specialisation strategies; regional development; competitive industries; entrepreneurial and innovative university index; graduate theses.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2022.10045404
  • COVID-19 pandemic roles on consumer behaviour towards sustainable transitions: a retail industry survey   Order a copy of this article
    by Ali A. Salah, Amgad S.D. Khaled, Khalid Alomari, Mosab I. Tabash, Abdulmalek M. M. Saeed 
    Abstract: In this paper, we offer some initial examination on how Covid-19 pandemic impacted the consumer behaviour towards retail sector in India. We argue that Covid-19 pandemic offers a great opportunity for businesses. We also discuss some potential directions of how consumer sustainable decision making will be shifted to due to the pandemic. In this paper the data is collected from various Indian consumers from different cities who made purchases from organised retail store. In our discussion of consumer behaviour we outline how COVID-19 has impacted retail sector and also the behaviour of the consumers towards sustainable transitions. It has been seen that consumers interest have been shifted towards retailing, online payments, sustainable food habits, and sustainable lifestyle. This study will help the businesses as well the academicians in determining what consumers prefer during this pandemic.
    Keywords: COVID-19; consumer behaviour; retailing; online payments; Indian markets; sustainable lifestyle; sustainable buying habits; sustainable food habits.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2022.10049773

Special Issue on: Innovation and Sustainability in a Post-COVID World

  • Did Covid 19 influence adoption of e-commerce among elderly citizens? The role of social presence, self-efficacy and trust   Order a copy of this article
    by Boudhayan Ganguly, Tirthankar Nag, Pritha Chakraborty 
    Abstract: The 2020 lockdown amidst the Covid 19 pandemic has so far been the biggest lockdown in recorded world history. During this phase many of the elderly citizens had reduced their frequency of visiting marketplaces and some of them had shifted their buying behaviour from offline marketplaces to online apps with the intention of minimising the risk of getting infected. Although this has been supported by literature there are many studies that state lack of trust to be the primary reason for avoiding online shopping. This study has focused on the influence of social presence and Internet self-efficacy of elderly citizens in building trust with the apps. We have also empirically shown that trust acts as a mediator the relationships between social presence and purchase intention and between self-efficacy and purchase intention amongst elderly citizens.
    Keywords: self-efficacy; social presence; trust; purchase intention; elderly citizens; mediator; moderator; online apps; Covid19; pandemic.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2022.10049604