International Journal of Gender Studies in Developing Societies
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International Journal of Gender Studies in Developing Societies (6 papers in press)
Cultural practices of occupation among the Bedia women: A case study of Habla hamlet of Sagar district, Madhya Pradesh, India by USHA RANA, Diwakar Sharma Abstract: This paper discusses the cultural practices of prostitution as an occupation among Bedia community from the Habla hamlet of Sagar district, Madhya Pradesh, India. The entire population belongs to Bedia habitation which is involved in institutional prostitution from long ago. A qualitative and quantitative methods have been used to study the institutional cultural practices of prostitution. To this end, we have collected primary data through focused group discussions (FGDs), observations and interview schedules with 50 natives of the community. They all are above 50 years of age, including both male and female. Secondary data have been used to understand the historical background of their culture and occupation. A fieldwork has been conducted to find out inside perception of the community about their cultural and traditional practices of prostitution. It also examines the source of authority and power to continue such deviant practices as an occupation among the community. Moreover, we enlighten some factors behind the womens support to the system, or justification of their natives to prostitution as a usual occupation. The analysis of data reveals that respondents consider their long history and experiences of prostitution as the ordinary occupation of community. They have faced discourteous behaviors of the system since long. They were forced to live like a nomadic group due to the relegation of the king from the kingdom. In colonial duration, British government formatted law against them and after the independent government still did not do something for them. Their traditional occupation has played a primary role in their survival for long, so Bedia managed a system to continue the tradition. Keywords: Bedia;culture;occupation;practices;prostitution;tradition;women.
A formal future is possible: Unpacking perceptions perpetuating African womens informalisation. by Felistas Zimano Abstract: This paper presents womens nurtured perceptions as possible drawbacks to their progression into formal system. Findings show that women sometimes hold limiting perceptions on things of economic relevance. This was established by interrogating womens perceptions on value and type of property ownership, business growth and associated risk among other things using netnographic focus group discussions. The major underlying factor, as will be exposed, emerged as cultural factors and socialization nurturing women into subordination to patriarchal systems. This, to a great extent, confines women to informal sector culminating in poor participation of women in formal economic spheres. In the long term, unchecked continuation of this informalisation is detrimental as it lays a wrong precedence in which the history being created will be a history of women as masters of informal space.. The paper unpacks the formal space, demystify existing perceptions on things of economic relevance and set women on a path leading into a future of participating in the formal sphere. Keywords: Women empowerment; Gender Perception management; Socialisation; Women informalisation; Patriarchy.
THE ROLE OF VARIOUS GOVERNMENTAL AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL MACHINERY IN THE ELIMINATION OF INEQUALITIES FACED BY KENYAN WOMEN AND THE EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN IN KENYA. by Brian Micheni Abstract: This paper examines the role and contributions of various governmental machinery like the constitution, legislation reforms and policies and semi autonomous governmental agencies in the elimination of inequalities faced by Kenyan women and the empowerment of women in Kenya. It discusses various provisions enshrined in the constitution, parliamentary acts and policies that promote the status of women in Kenya and further looks at the role played by grassroots community based organizations, with a focus on women self-help groups. It further examines the contributions of national non-governmental organizations, towards achievement of gender equality and empowerment of women in Kenya. Keywords: disparities; empowerment; equality; gender; gender inequalities; governmental machinery; injustices; Kenya; non-governmental organizations; rights; women.
Women by Ngambouk Vitalis Pemunta, Rosaline Yumumkah Cumber Abstract: In post-conflict Burundi, land scarcity, rapid population growth, the heightened commodification of land serve as triggers to conflict and violence and significantly threaten the sustainability of long-term peace. This article interrogates the ways land tenure reforms affect women Keywords: post-conflict reconstruction; sustainable peace; gender inequality; inheritance law; property rights; tenure security; women´s human rights.
Gender equality in Botswana; an unfulfilled agenda by Emmanuel Botlhale Abstract: Democracy obligates governments to put all population sub-groups on the same pedestal. Treating population sub-groups equally will ensure gender equality. The world over, there is gender inequality and, therefore, some population sub-groups, particularly women and the girl child, suffer gender injustice. Therefore, they disproportionately suffer from diseases of poverty. To arrest the effects of gender inequality, governments adopt gender instruments. The record is mixed; successes and failures, with a preponderance of the latter. This situation is most acute in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and Botswana suffers from the same malaise. The aim of this paper is to discuss gender inequality in Botswana. It adopted a case study approach. It concluded that despite the governments avowal to gender equality, there are pockets of gender inequality. The general lesson from this case is that there is no direct correlation between governments avowal to gender equality and gender equality. Therefore, genuine commitment is important. Keywords: Gender; Gender Equality; Gender Discrimination; Gender Justice; Botswana.
Social Response towards Trafficked Women: A Gendered Perspective by Khurshed Alam, Aminur Rahman Abstract: This article is aimed to explore the gender dimension of social response to survivors of trafficking in person (TIP) in Bangladesh. Qualitative research methods have been followed in conducting the study. The paper reveals that while women survivors were often denied by their families being blamed to be sexually polluted, male survivors there often receive sympathy for their sufferings caused from trafficking. This distinctive social phenomenon has been termed here as normative discrimination. The study also reveals that the sexual purity of women is the precondition of reproductive purity. While most of the studies on TIP focused on the causes, discrimination, and exclusion against women survivors, this study offers a new analytical approach on the reasons of social exclusion. Keywords: Normative discrimination; human trafficking; women trafficking; gendered attitudes; polluted identity.