Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Internet of Things and Cyber-Assurance

International Journal of Internet of Things and Cyber-Assurance (IJITCA)

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International Journal of Internet of Things and Cyber-Assurance (3 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • United States and Territories 3rd-Party COVID-19 mHealth Contact Tracing: What are Security and Privacy Risks   Order a copy of this article
    by Suzanna Schmeelk, Shannon Roth, Christopher Shaw, Mughees Tariq, Julia Rooney, Emily Lackraj, Khalil Wood, John Kamen, Denise Dragos 
    Abstract: COVID-19 has become a public health crisis that has affected millions of individuals. With the spread of this pandemic and the constant increase in fatalities worldwide, countries tried to mitigate the spread; many states, localities, and USA territories responded by developing contact tracing mobile applications for health (mHealth). Since this pandemic quite suddenly became a widespread problem, developers built many applications quickly. Due to the rise of data security and privacy issues, this paper analyses reported security concerns associated with 3rd-party library variants of these contract tracing applications. We analyse the applications downloaded in October 2021 through a mobile application penetration testing tool framework, the mobile security framework (MobSF). We aggregate and report on the 3rd-party application security and privacy findings.
    Keywords: mobile application risk analysis; COVID-19 contact tracing; cyber and information security; mHealth applications.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJITCA.2023.10053663
  • A model to detect man-in-the-middle attack in IoT networks: a machine learning approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Abel Tadesse, Tibebe Beshah 
    Abstract: The internet of things (IoT) is a network comprised of processors, sensors, actuators, and wireless access points that interoperate with one another for collecting vast amount of environmental phenomena using sensors and relay these sensors readings to a central database or server via gateways wirelessly. The man-in-the-middle (MITM) attack is a type of cyberattack where a perpetrator with malicious intents intercept an ongoing communication between two parties and use this communications breach to either eavesdrop on the communicated message or even alter the message and send it to the intended legitimate receiver. End nodes in IoT networks are highly susceptible to cyberattacks like MITM attacks that exploit address resolution protocol (ARP) vulnerabilities. In this study, a machine learning model is developed to predict if an IoT networks sensors records have originated from an ARP cache poisoned IoT network based solely on the networks sensors readings themselves.
    Keywords: internet of things; IoT; IoT networks; IoT vulnerability; sensors; IoT testbed; address resolution protocol; address resolution protocol cache poisoning; ARP; man-in-the-middle attack; MITM; machine learning.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJITCA.2023.10057940
  • TruCerT: trusted certification of IoT devices using hardware-based root-of-trust   Order a copy of this article
    by Anum Khurshid, Mudassar Aslam, Simon Bouget, Shahid Raza 
    Abstract: The IoT research community is reinforcing their focus on IoT certification since the EU Cybersecurity Act. The key to establishing an IoT certification framework lies in automating the certification, re-certification and risk-assessment processes. The main challenge however arises from the diversity of manufacturers shipping their devices, their susceptibility to remote hacks, new vulnerabilities and software updates breaking the existing certification seal. We propose TruCerT, an automated and trusted audit and certification mechanism to guarantee software-state assurance. The mechanism builds on remote integrity verification (RIV) procedures and leverages Trusted Platform Module (TPM 2.0) on IoT devices. We derive the requirements of an IoT device certification scheme from the EU Cybersecurity Act guidelines and discuss their fulfillment. An overview of the network overhead and execution overhead of TruCerT and a formal analysis using Tamarin is provided, verifying that the protocol delivers authentic, non-spoofable certificates and is resistant to replay attacks.
    Keywords: internet of things; IoT; IoT certification; IoT device security certification; Trusted Platform Module; TPM 2.0; software-state integrity; assurance; remote integrity verification; RIV; EU Cybersecurity Act; EU Cybersecurity Certification Framework.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJITCA.2023.10059641