International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development (25 papers in press)
Innovative green employees: The drivers of corporate eco-innovation?
by Marc Schmidt-Keilich, Anke Buhl, Elisabeth Süßbauer
Abstract: Previous studies have increasingly referred to the green employee as a promising resource for eco-innovation. However, as the concept was only vaguely defined until recently, empirical research is missing. Thus, this paper explores innovative green employees and their potential for eco-innovation, based on interview data from four green German companies of a small to medium size. We find that such employees mainly contribute to corporate eco-innovation by generating and discussing pro-environmental ideas. In our sample, these ideas mainly revolve around fostering eco-friendly consumption at the workplace. Further, our results suggest that innovative green employees contribute to corporate greening by transforming the values and behaviors of colleagues as environmental role-models and opinion leaders. To this end, they draw on their environmental knowledge, professional and private networks, authenticity and credibility as well as on the dialogue culture present in their company.
Keywords: Eco-innovation; employee innovation; green employee; environmental green behavior; corporate greening.
How Industrial Symbiosis Emerges through Partnerships: Actors, Platforms, and Stakeholder Processes Leading to Collaborative Business Models in Port Industrial Areas
by Lucia Mortensen, Louise Kringelum, Allan Næs Gjerding
Abstract: The present paper explores how industrial symbiosis emergence unfolds within port industrial areas. A multiple case study shows how industrial symbiosis emerges through partnering and stakeholder processes that take the form of collaborative business models. Focusing on actors, platforms for collaboration, and content of stakeholder processes, the study identifies drivers for industrial symbiosis emergence, including the importance of geographical proximity and ag-glomeration, which identify port industrial areas as natural habitats for industrial symbiosis. A defining characteristic of industrial symbiosis emergence within port industrial areas is the collec-tive effort of actors to bridge economic, environmental, and social objectives across private and public sectors. Finally, the paper suggests that future research on industrial symbiosis and the emergence thereof within port industrial areas may benefit from insights into corporate social responsibility and the emerging field of servitization.
Keywords: Industrial symbiosis; industrial symbiosis emergence; partnerships; sustainability; port indus-trial areas; collaborative business models.
Evaluation of food technologies across supply chain actors: a systematic review of explanatory models
by Carolin Kamrath, Joshua Wesana, Hans De Steur, Xavier Gellynck, Stefanie Bröring
Abstract: Acceptance of novel technologies along the food supply chain is essential for technology-based innovations to be effective in tackling global challenges such as food security. In order to obtain insights and identify research gaps in the context of food technology evaluation research, this study conducts a systematic review of empirical studies that utilised established explanatory models with food chain actors. Out of 183 primary studies included from 1991 to 2017, the majority was conducted in developed countries, while only 23% targeted developing countries. Further, most studies have looked at genetically modified food, with consumers being the most common stakeholder considered. Regarding the models, theory of planned behaviour and protection motivation theory were by far the most frequently applied explanatory models. Our results highlight the need for research on the evaluation of novel food technologies by non-consumer actors for a holistic understanding across the supply chain.
Keywords: evaluation; acceptance; adoption; explanatory models; TPB; theory of planned behaviour; PMT; protection motivation theory; food technology; food chain actors; farmer; processor; consumer; systematic review.
The Contributions of Design Thinking to the Conception of a Green Production Model
by Dusan Schreiber, Paola Schmitt Figueiró, Vanessa Theis
Abstract: In order to contribute to the debate on the alternatives for the conception of a Green Production model, this theoretical-reflexive essay was elaborated, which analyzes the contributions offered by the Design Thinking approach. In terms of methodology, we decided to follow the recommendations of the hermeneutic and interpretative method, which provides a comprehensive dialogue between the authors selected for this research. The researchers were careful to choose both classic, seminal and contemporary authors, texts from books and journals, of issues on Sustainability, Production Management, Design Thinking and Green Production, so as to create an appropriate environment for the exchange of ideas and perceptions about the possible thematic convergence. As a conclusion, we verified that the characteristics of the Design Thinking approach allow the identification of details of operational activities, which might be omitted when using other approaches, of a positivist and rational nature.
Keywords: Production Management; Green Production; Design Thinking.
A review of impact of COVID-19 on environment from lens of sustainable development goals
by Dadabada Pradeep Kumar
Abstract: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) impacted the Environment a lot. It is very much helpful to countries to study such impact in bringing things back to normal. This paper presents a novel 3R (Reasons-Responses-Recommendations) approach to study and review the impact of COVID-19 on the Environment from the lens of five related sustainable development goals (SDGs). Exploratory data analysis (EDA) is a facilitator to the 3R approach for uncovering findings from the data using statistical methods and visualisation.
Keywords: COVID-19; environment; review; sustainable development; EDA; exploratory data analysis; SDG; sustainable development goal.
Green innovation and environmental and financial performance: trends and challenges for future research
by Jaluza Maria Lima Silva Borsatto, Camila Lima Bazani
Abstract: The relationship between green innovation (GI) and company performance has received increasing attention from researchers in recent years. In this way, the present study aims to present a synthesis of the most relevant academic research that relate Green Innovation and the company's financial and environmental performance, knowing in a standardised way the scientific information on the theme. Through an integrative literature review, 66 academic papers published in the journals of Science Direct, Scopus, and Web of Science databases, between 2012 and 2019, were analysed. The results showed that most studies were carried out in industries in developing countries. In addition, the results also demonstrated a positive relationship both between GI and financial performance (55%) and between GI and environmental performance (48%) in most of the studies analysed. These findings can contribute to the researchers for the formation of a solid conceptual based on the subject, guiding for future research.
Keywords: green innovation; financial performance; environmental performance; integrative literature review; environmental innovation; environmental regulations; eco-innovation.
Problems and Solutions: The Sustainable Development Goals in the Age of Green Economy
by João M. Lopes, José Oliveira
Abstract: The "green economy" will shape the global economy over forthcoming decades and generations, and impact on how countries and companies manage their natural capital resources and constraints. This research aims to understand the role that the green economy plays in sustainable business strategies. A qualitative research methodology was used. Interviews were conducted to managers of two Portuguese companies, which take sustainable development goals into account in their business strategies. The results suggest that sustainable development and sustainable business strategies are not always adopted integrally top-down within a company. It was also noted that political changes and decisions imposed by the government positively affect the sustainable business strategies of companies in the renewable energy sector but not in the construction sector. Suggestions were made for policymakers and companies to transform the Portuguese economy into a greener one. Policymakers should strengthen general awareness of this matter by reinforcing existing knowledge of or introducing the topic of the problems and solutions inherent in the concept of a green economy in compulsory education. Companies could form R&D partnerships with higher education institutions to innovate in their sector of activity. Companies could further explore the concept of industrial symbiosis whereby they could develop new products and explore new markets.
Keywords: Green Economy; Sustainable Development Goals; Green Business; Sustainable Business Strategies; Competitive Advantage.
Organizational leadership for sustainability: employees perception on talent retention
by Priscila Cerutti, João Sarate, Janaina Macke
Abstract: This paper aimed to evaluate the factors of sustainable leadership and the relation of these factors with the intention to remain the job. The research analysed 324 interviews with employees from southern Brazil through quantitative techniques, such as linear regression, factorial analysis, and variance analysis. The study revealed that the economic dimension explains 27.60% of the leadership for sustainability, while social and environmental dimensions explain 25.54% and 20.27 %, respectively. Notwithstanding the importance given to the environmental dimension of leadership for sustainability (M= 3.647; SD=0.896), only social and economic dimensions were significantly related to the intention to remain in the organization (adjusted R2 = 0.327). From a leadership for sustainability viewpoint, the research concludes that: (i) human resource policies should be proposed from the leadership for sustainability perspective; (ii) sustainability-focused company programs and actions should be better communicated to employees; and (iii) organizations should invest more in sustainability programs and efforts for the internal public, as a strategy to talent retention. Finally, the study provides relevant evidence for social researchers and human resource managers by distinguishing factors that influence talent retention and recommending elements for a sustainable human resource management debate.
Keywords: leadership for sustainability; sustainable leadership; triple bottom line; talent retention; developing countries.
Special Issue on: Sustainability Multidisciplinary Creativity, Innovation and Sustainability in the Age of Disruptions
Old answers to new questions: using past disaster narratives to make today's organisations more resilient to the challenges of the Anthropocene
by Justine Walter
Abstract: The Anthropocene will see a significant increase in the likelihood, frequency, and intensity of natural hazards. This altered context poses new challenges for global societies and economies. In addition to sustainability efforts, building resilience and reducing disaster risk thus become increasingly important strategic topics. This paper proposes that inspiration for how to respond to these challenges, and even use them for transformation and sustainable innovation, may lie in the distant past. By applying insights from sociological disaster studies and discourse analysis to earthquake narratives from ancient Greece, it will be shown how extreme natural events may, or may not, trigger disaster. Subsequently, implications for organisational resilience and disaster risk reduction in the Anthropocene will be derived.
Keywords: disaster risk reduction; resilience; organisational strategy; innovation culture; disaster narratives; creativity; natural hazards; case studies; organisational culture; business continuity management.
The North-South divide in business leaders' moral sentiment: a problem for global sustainability?
by David A.L. Coldwell
Abstract: A North-South divide exists in terms of the correct balance between socio-economic and political behaviour that emphasises ecocentric, environmentally conservationist policies over anthropocentric policies that favour economic growth and the provision of basic human needs, whether they are environmentally friendly or not. However, in addition to the North-South ecocentric/anthropocentric divide, there are key differences in moral values. The North, broadly speaking being more individualistic in orientation and the South, particularly Africa, being more communalistic in orientation. The paper describes the development of a theoretical model of anthropocentric and ecocentric orientation that takes account of both the North-South divide in leader moral sentiment and extant pressures for economic development vis a vis environmental preservation. The paper uses secondary data to highlight differences of moral sentiment between the North and the South and analyses these aspects with the use of an exploratory model of ecocentric and anthropocentric orientations.
Keywords: North-South divide; climate; anthropocenteric; ecocentric; moral sentiment; sustainability.
Tiny houses as instruments for reducing poverty and promoting social integration in Germany
by Anne Fischer
Abstract: Poverty and social exclusion are becoming increasingly evident in Germany. In particular, the risk of growing poverty among certain groups and an increase in homelessness is encouraged by a lack of social housing and rising rents. Existing policies seem to reach their limits, while SDG 1 and 10 call for global measures to reduce poverty and inequalities. Tiny houses have attracted international attention on tackling homelessness, but there is a shortage of scientific research on their potential, globally and especially for Germany. Furthermore, it is unclear to what extent the integration of these houses is possible for Germany. Expert interviews, carried out as part of this study, offer the opportunity to identify specific integration paths and barriers. In context of homelessness and migration, case studies based on document analysis serve to identify individual potentials in terms of reducing specific problems of homelessness and promoting social integration dynamics. Tiny houses can be used as instruments for this purpose, and their integration into manufacturing processes and existing communities seems to be very effective.
Keywords: tiny houses; poverty; integration; homeless; inequalities; social exclusion.
Examining the social side of sustainability in the debate on business model innovations in the textile, clothing and fashion industry: a typology based on the value chain perspective
by Katja Beyer, Marlen Gabriele Arnold
Abstract: In the global textile, clothing and fashion industry, social sustainability is increasingly considered an integral part of corporate sustainability and it is becoming even more important in textile value chains faced with uncertainties and vulnerabilities. Yet, what are relevant social aspects in this context? Based on a systematic literature review of 137 peer-reviewed articles we identify social sustainability-related aspects in business model innovations for sustainability. We find that current scholarly debates point to key social aspects, yet, fall short of their critical investigation. Moreover, the in-depth exploration of further issues featuring social sustainability (such as justice and de-growth) is largely absent. Our study contributes to current research by providing (i) an overview concerning the integration of key concepts and topics of social sustainability in existing research on textile, clothing and fashion business model innovations and (ii) a typology of further social sustainability-related aspects along the entire textile value chain.
Keywords: social sustainability; business model innovation for sustainability; textile; clothing and fashion industry; systematic literature review; typology; value chain perspective.
The nature and extent of environmental sustainability advertising in magazines in a developing market
by Sibusiso Ndlovu, Debbie Ellis
Abstract: Consumers' unsustainable consumption patterns play a substantial role in environmental deterioration. For consumers to behave more sustainably, they need to be knowledgeable of the problems, and various product and service solutions. Some businesses are using environmental sustainability advertising to develop consumer awareness and to influence environmentally conscious behaviour. This paper investigated the extent and nature of environmental sustainability advertising in magazines in a developing nation. A descriptive design with a deductive content analysis of 66 magazines revealed a limited number of environmental sustainability advertisements which are described in terms of their structure and content. This research contributes to marketers using environmental sustainability messages, conceptualising the types of message elements currently being used in magazine advertising and possible alternatives for making the environmental sustainability message unique. Recommendations are made for environmental sustainability marketers, academics, policymakers and future research.
Keywords: sustainability advertising; advertising appeals; message explicitness; message elements; South Africa; magazine advertising; sustainability knowledge; green advertising.
An integrated conceptual model to secure digitally enabled smart grid towards sustainable energy
by Vicent Mbonye, Indira Padayachee, Prabhakar Rontala Subramaniam
Abstract: Ensuring sustainable energy is vital in attaining several sustainability development goals. However, while there has been significant progress in delivering universal electricity access to attain these goals, it is projected that more than 670 million people will not have electricity access in 2030. Smart grid projects are currently underway in South Africa to address many energy challenges and provide more sustainable energy sources to the public. However, the literature shows that smart grids face various security threats that undermine their reliable operation. This paper argues that an essential part of the problem is that most stakeholders conduct security initiatives in silos. This paper adopts a systematic review approach and proposes an integrated model that could help the state and other smart grid stakeholders address smart grid security threats.
Keywords: smart grid; South Africa; sustainability; cyberattack; threats; energy; governance; collaboration; security; sustainable development goals.
Sustainability management in non-governmental organisations: development of a maturity model
by Martin Albert, Xenia Bauche, Luisa Closmann, Tobias Eichholz, Katharina Preis
Abstract: Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) address social and/or ecological challenges often through their direct work, which is called the demand-side of NGOs. In this paper, the focus lies on the supply-side, the sustainability management in NGOs. The research goal is to evaluate the sustainability management in NGOs with the help of a maturity model. For the development of such a maturity model, a mixed-method approach is used in a sequential mixed design, consisting of a systematic literature review, qualitative expert interviews, qualitative content analyses, quantitative questionnaire, and descriptive statistical data analysis. Seven dimensions of sustainability management in NGOs could be identified: concept of sustainability management, management (systemic capability), financial sustainability, public relations, stakeholder management, top-down strategy, and bottom-up personal initiative. With the help of a developed and partly evaluated model, the maturity level of the sustainability management of 35 German NGOs are analysed, and results are presented.
Keywords: sustainability; sustainability management; non-governmental organisation; non-profit organisation; maturity model; mixed-methods.
The implementation of sustainability at universities: a study based on sustainable development goals
by Alina Vogel, Julia Breßler
Abstract: Humanity faces a global environmental crisis in addition to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the age of disruption, both the public and politicians search for advice and guidance from science. Thus, universities (higher education institutions) act as pillars of social and economic transformation. With the sustainable development goals (SDGs), this function of higher education can be examined more closely. Therefore, this paper examines the implementation of the SDGs in higher education institutions and possible links to other metrics and core functions. To this end, 467 HEIs from 76 countries are examined in a quantitative study. The results show that social SDGs are addressed to a higher degree than ecological and economic SDGs and that there might be a connection between the implementation of the SDGs and other factors at HEIs.
Keywords: sustainable university; sustainable development goals; SDG; sustainable development goals; disruption; HEI; higher education institutions.
To elicit youth preferences for travel packages: a conjoint approach
by Vikas Nath, Mayur Taneja, Noopur Saxena
Abstract: Tourism sector is growing magnificently. The best way for the travellers to explore a destination is through travel packages. Since young generation are frequent traveller, an attempt has been made to investigate the effect of various tour package attributes on younger generation willingness to purchase the tour package. The paper examined factors namely, payment preference, budget, days, destination, mode of transport and motivation to purchase, in influencing youth preference towards various travel packages in Delhi/NCR region. 180 respondents were surveyed. Conjoint analysis has been applied to examine the importance that youth attached to different factors and to various attributes within different factors. The finding of this study recognised the perfect combination of attributes that should be offered to the customers in order to satisfy them. This will help the marketers to offer the best deal which will attract the customers and also maximise customer retention.
Keywords: travel packages; conjoint analysis; young generation; all-inclusive package; youth preferences; tourism.
Diffusion of corporate sustainability in the ski industry
by Pavlina McGrady, Susan L. Golicic, Stuart P. Cottrell
Abstract: Business faces increasing environmental, social, economic, and institutional challenges and is uniquely positioned to greatly impact the continued development of sustainability. This paper examines the impact of external stakeholders and the internal organisation as predictors of corporate sustainability in the production of services. A corporate sustainability framework was tested using an online survey based on Diffusion of Innovation and prism of sustainability (PoS) theories with employees representing major Colorado ski resorts. Results show that internal firm innovativeness impacts corporate sustainability. While external stakeholder characteristics also influence corporate sustainability, the impact is much lower than and partially mediated by that of the firm. The framework, not previously applied in business services research, demonstrates the role of the institution as a sustainability dimension and positions the implementation of sustainability in the service industry as an innovation.
Keywords: sustainability; corporate; PoS; prism of sustainability; prism; innovativeness; innovation; ski; industry.
Does the social and solidarity economy contribute to the reach and accomplishment of the sustainable development goals? A systematic literature review
by Duarcides Ferreira Mariosa, Leandro Pereira Morais, Juan Fernando Álvarez, Fabiano Politti, Miguel Ángel Alarcón Conde, Ana Milena Silva Valencia
Abstract: Although the themes social and solidarity economy (SSE) and sustainable development goals (SDG) have been intensively researched, the works presenting results that demonstrate the intersection between the two subjects are still undergoing experimentation. Through a systematic review of the literature, this paper aims to find out how SSE organisations contribute to the implementation of the SDGs. The authors elaborated a checklist to assess the methodological procedures of the results from studies published. After applying the eligibility criteria, the selected papers show us that the 'metrics' for assessing SSE contributions to the implementation of the SDGs are not measured by fully quantified methodologies. We conclude that, according to the results of this systematic review, although the existence of a positive relationship between the SSE and the implementation of the SDGs is considered, the studies available in this period, do not present robust and consistent methodologies to demonstrate this relationship.
Keywords: SDGs; sustainable development goals; SSE; social and solidarity economy; systematic literature review; methodological procedures; social and solidarity economy contributions agenda 2030; checklist to assess the quality of the study; social and solidarity economy impacts.
Special Issue on: ICONIS 2020 Fuzzy Systems in Innovation Management and Sustainability
Environmental and socio-technical transitions in IBEX 35 companies: fsQCA analysis of the media representation of innovation and sustainability
by Fernando Castelló-Sirvent
Abstract: Socio-technical transitions and environmental transformation have an important reflection on the decisions of companies. The analysis of the reality refracted in public opinion is a proxy to the change in the management styles of large companies. This paper analysed the sustainability strategies of companies indexed in the IBEX 35. First, a semantic and contextual analysis of 424 news items published in the press for the 35 main Spanish companies during 2019 was carried out using T-LAB software. The Factiva database, owned by Down Jones and Company was used. Second, an fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) analysis was carried out to analyse the dissemination blueprints in international media of the green strategies of the IBEX 35 companies. Economic and media attributes were used to analyse the causal relationship. The results suggest the design and implementation of different strategies for the international media representation of business sustainability.
Keywords: socio-technical transitions; strategy; fuzzy set; QCA; qualitative comparative analysis; fsQCA; fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis; factiva; IBEX; IBEX 35; green strategies; media representation; fsQCA robustness; fsQCA robustness coefficient.
Role of graduate theses on regional development
by Samet Kürşat Başol, Alptekin Durmuşoğlu, Türkay Dereli
Abstract: Universities are developing strategies to increase the contribution of their activities to their regional and national economy, so the importance of universities in regional development-oriented studies is increasing. In this study, the relationship between universities and the most competitive industries in their regions is analysed with the graduate theses of universities focusing on those industries. Twenty-six universities in Turkey, which are regularly included in seven Entrepreneurial-Innovative University Index (EIUI) rankings, and their regions were selected. The strongest and the most competitive sectors in the manufacturing industry of the selected regions were determined by the Balassa RCA Index and Foreign Trade Balance Index. The number of graduate theses related to those sectors is divided by the number of academicians, and a score is obtained. Universities are ranked according to this score. As a result, this ranking was compared with the EIUI rankings of the universities, and the similarities were interpreted.
Keywords: smart specialisation strategies; regional development; competitive industries; entrepreneurial and innovative university index; graduate theses.
Special Issue on: Innovations for Sustainability Energy, Industry and Agriculture
UAV multispectral imagery in determination of paddy conditions
by Andrea Oliver Enos, Khairul Nizam Tahar
Abstract: This study aims to determine the health condition of paddy by using UAV multispectral imagery. This involves determining the health of paddy by using NDVI and calculating the percentage of the healthy paddy area. The data was obtained from an altitude of 80 m with an 80% overlap. The selected study area was about 14,937.13 m2. This study reported that the very healthy paddy area was about 8,981.699 m2 (60.13%), and the healthy condition area was 3,398.481 m2 (22.75%). Meanwhile, the area of the unhealthy paddy region was 2,556.95 m2, whereby the percentage of the region was 17.12%. The accuracy assessment was based on the NDVI imagery and NDVI ground truth data, in which the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) achieved +-0.057. The regression analysis showed that the relationship between NDVI from the multispectral UAV and spectrometer had a 90.53% correlation.
Keywords: precision agriculture; multispectral camera; UAV; unmanned aerial vehicle; remote sensing; vegetation index.
Intentions without attention: challenges in agricultural extension communication in Ethiopia
by Tadele Mognehodie Workineh, Adem Chanie Ali, Amanuel Gebru
Abstract: This study aimed to explore the major challenges in agricultural extension communication activities focusing on four agricultural research centers in four districts under Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR). Applying an exploratory qualitative research approach,we gathered data using open-ended questionnaires, in-depth interview and four FGD sessions. Then, data were coded and analyzed thematically using QDA miner software based on the principles of diffusion of innovation and participatory communication theoretical frameworks. The findings show that agricultural innovation communications have been obstructed by various challenges, such as communication channels, resources, stakeholders participation, capacity and perception. The major challenges have been condensed into six themes as: 'futile participation' (insufficient involvement of stakeholders), 'communication gaps' (poor information exchange), 'capacity problems' (knowledge and skills gap), 'resource constraints' (budget, infrastructure, logistics), 'shortage of supplies' (varieties, herbicides, fertilizer) and 'farmers' perceptions'. Thus, a system has to be established to enable stakeholders work in synergy.
Keywords: agricultural innovation; challenges; communication; participation; stakeholders.
Government regulations as an opportunity to foster the creation and application of innovations in the context of green organisations: the case of Lithuania
by Ilona Skačkauskienė, Juliana Smirnova
Abstract: The purpose of the research is to identify future directions for improving government regulatory measures that would foster the creation and application of innovations in the context of green organisations. The research methodology included critical analysis, synthesis, and abstraction of scientific literature and strategic documents. The authors conducted structured interviews with representatives of green organisations and an in-depth interview with the representative of a consulting company. The results were processed using the methods of comparative analysis and content analysis. Directions for the improvement of government regulatory measures at the national level have been proposed in order to promote the creation/application of innovations in the context of the development of green organisations. The results of the research have practical implications of forming a basis for improving future governmental regulatory measures in order to foster the creation and application of innovations in green organisations.
Keywords: green organisation; opportunity to foster innovations; application of innovations; government regulations; development of green organisations; government regulatory measures; promotion of innovations; government support/promotion; legal regulation.
The impact of agricultural cooperatives on the sustainable development of rural communities
by Yuriy Petrushenko, Jiri Hejkrlik, Oksana Duvanova, Wojciech Duranowski, Tetiana Semenenko
Abstract: Today, decentralisation reform has been completed in Ukraine, and rural areas received resources for their development and became responsible for it. The study is based on the assumption that the effective mechanism for enhancing sustainable development of rural areas in Ukraine is to create agricultural cooperatives. They form an economic tool and a mechanism that positively affects the growth of communities' social capital and stimulates residents to develop the type of thinking focusing on sustainable development. An econometric model of the impact of the agricultural cooperative on local development was made to test this assumption. The study results proved the positive impact of agricultural cooperatives on sustainable development, which might be the basis for the formation of state, regional, and local policies to stimulate the establishment of agricultural cooperatives in rural communities of Ukraine. Results might be applied in the development of the cooperative movement in other countries.
Keywords: agricultural cooperative; sustainable development; economic cooperation; ecology; socio-economic development; rural community.