Title: A conceptual framework of internet of things for efficient municipal solid waste management and waste to energy implementation

Authors: Neeraj Bhanot; Vinay Kumar Sharma; Aman Singh Parihar; Manik Sharma; Manish Yadav; Harsh Gupta

Addresses: Quantitative Methods and Operations Management, Indian Institute of Management Amritsar, Punjab 143105, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar, Punjab 144011, India ' Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar, Punjab 144011, India ' Department of Chemical Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar, Punjab 144011, India ' Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar, Punjab 144011, India ' Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar, Punjab 144011, India

Abstract: With a population of 1.252 billion, India holds the second position in the world and is one of the fastest developing countries as well. However, like every good thing has to pay a certain cost, the country is now facing an alarming threat of health and environmental problems due to its poor waste management practices. This paper presents a theoretical framework of an integrated approach of solid waste management system in which a waste segregation layout is shown including waste to energy (WtE) application of the refused derived fuel formed in the process. Real-time monitoring of the segregation process and energy extraction process is done using internet of things (IoT) application. Segregation of waste before processing gives an efficient way of waste management and with this framework, one can easily monitor and acquire various information obtained during different stages of segregation and energy extraction process.

Keywords: solid waste management; internet of things; IoT; municipal solid waste; waste segregation; load sensor; waste incineration plant; remote viewing.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEWM.2019.10020568

International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 2019 Vol.23 No.4, pp.410 - 432

Received: 10 Oct 2017
Accepted: 01 Oct 2018

Published online: 10 Apr 2019 *

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