Title: An investigation of the interactions between psychosocial risk factors and their health impact: mechanisms and consequences
Authors: Hossein Abaeian; Mohamed Al-Hussein; Osama Moselhi
Addresses: Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 Boulevard de Maisonneuve O, Montréal, QC H3G 1M8, Canada; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada ' Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada ' Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 Boulevard de Maisonneuve O, Montréal, QC H3G 1M8, Canada
Abstract: Despite the increase in research on psychosocial hazards, studies are unable to evaluate the inter-relationships among psychosocial risk factors (PRFs) from a risk network perspective, and their findings are usually limited to bivariate relationships between PRFs and their adverse outcomes. Also, they are unable to draw the pathways by which PRFs can affect workers' health leading to impaired job performance. The present study performs a comprehensive literature review on the psychosocial risk-related research and provides an evidence-based list for major PRFs. In addition, social network analysis (SNA) is implemented for developing the psychosocial risk network for further evaluation of the interactions between variables leading to the identification of key PRFs that play important roles in structuring the entire risk network. In the next step, a system dynamic (SD) model is developed to provide the mechanism underlying the development of musculoskeletal disorders and productivity loss due to exposure to psychosocial stressors.
Keywords: psychosocial risks; mental process model; strain; impaired job performance; musculoskeletal disorders; MSDs; system dynamics simulation model; dynamic thinking; social network analysis; SNA.
International Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling, 2019 Vol.14 No.2, pp.149 - 164
Received: 31 Jan 2018
Accepted: 06 Sep 2018
Published online: 17 May 2019 *