Title: A PID-FEC mechanism using cross-layer approach for video transmission over multi-hop wireless networks

Authors: Longzhe Han; Xuecai Bao; Hongying Yu; Huasheng Zhu; Tanghuai Fan; Jia Zhao; Yeonseung Ryu

Addresses: Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Water Information Cooperative Sensing and Intelligent Processing, Nanchang Institute of Technology, 330099, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China ' Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Water Information Cooperative Sensing and Intelligent Processing, Nanchang Institute of Technology, 330099, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China ' Daqing Petroleum Equitment Group, Power Lift Institute, 215400, Taicang, Jiangsu, China ' Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Water Information Cooperative Sensing and Intelligent Processing, Nanchang Institute of Technology, 330099, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China ' Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Water Information Cooperative Sensing and Intelligent Processing, Nanchang Institute of Technology, 330099, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China ' Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Water Information Cooperative Sensing and Intelligent Processing, Nanchang Institute of Technology, 330099, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China ' Department of Computer Engineering, Myongji University, 116 Myongji-ro, Cheoin-gu, Yongin, 449-728, Gyeonggi-do, Korea

Abstract: Multi-hop wireless networks (MWNs) provide an important infrastructure for ubiquitous multimedia content access. However, the accumulated packet losses greatly decrease the quality of multimedia services, particularly video streaming services. In order to overcome packet losses in MWNs, in this paper we propose a proportional integral derivative control-based forward error correction (PID-FEC) mechanism to improve the quality of video streaming services. Our proposed method adopts the cross-layer approach, and leverages the functionalities of different network layers. The automatic repeat request (ARQ) on the media access control (MAC) layer is used as an indicator of packet losses. With the packet loss information, the redundancy rates are adaptively regulated based on the PID control algorithm. Experimental results, presented herein, show that the PID-FEC achieves a better quality of video streaming, as well as a higher FEC efficiency, as compared with conventional FEC schemes, over a variety of network conditions.

Keywords: forward error correction; FEC; cross-layer; video streaming; multi-hop wireless networks; MWNs.

DOI: 10.1504/IJES.2019.10020755

International Journal of Embedded Systems, 2019 Vol.11 No.3, pp.278 - 284

Received: 08 Mar 2017
Accepted: 23 Jun 2017

Published online: 23 Apr 2019 *

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