Title: Role of the triple helix in the ecosystems for tech start-ups in India: a gap analysis

Authors: M.H. Bala Subrahmanya

Addresses: Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012, India

Abstract: Tech start-ups and their entrepreneurial ecosystems are assuming increasing global attention, particularly from policy makers and empirical researchers, alike. If entrepreneurial ecosystems have to be promoted for an accelerated birth and growth of tech start-ups, it is imperative to understand its structure, essential components and the gaps, if exist. Against this backdrop, this article attempts to ascertain the gap between an ideal ecosystem and the prevailing ecosystems and its causal factors, based on four-stage interactions with ecosystem stakeholders (by means of Delphi technique application) in Bangalore and Hyderabad, in India. The gap analysis is done by means of a hierarchical regression model for five different sets of components of the ecosystem structure, apart from a control (dummy) variable to distinguish Bangalore from Hyderabad. The hierarchical regression analysis substantiated the entrepreneurial ecosystem structure for tech start-ups proposed in terms of relative importance of various sets of components, and ascertained the factors responsible for the ecosystem gap.

Keywords: start-ups; triple-helix; ecosystem; entrepreneurship; gap; Bangalore; Hyderabad; India.

DOI: 10.1504/GBER.2019.099391

Global Business and Economics Review, 2019 Vol.21 No.3/4, pp.450 - 473

Received: 07 Oct 2017
Accepted: 30 Jan 2018

Published online: 06 Mar 2019 *

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