Title: Legitimate firms or hackers - who is winning the global cyber war?

Authors: Robert F. Gary; Yorgos Marinakis; Mary Anne Majadillas; Reilly White; Steven T. Walsh

Addresses: Anderson School of Management, University of New Mexico, MSC05 3090, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA ' Anderson School of Management, University of New Mexico, MSC05 3090, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA ' Anderson School of Management, University of New Mexico, MSC05 3090, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA ' Anderson School of Management, University of New Mexico, MSC05 3090, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA ' Anderson School of Management, University of New Mexico, MSC05 3090, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA

Abstract: In order to enable reliable service products, the internet of things (IoT) technology infrastructure must withstand global hacking events. How is the IoT faring in the cyber security war? Is it winning or is it losing? If the IoT is losing, there is cause for concern. If the IoT is winning, then there is cause for optimism. Yet there is a third possibility - stasis. What would this look like? Why would it occur? We seek to add to the growing body of literature on the IoT. We add to the IoT literature by applying learning curves to major global cyber-attacks to investigate whether the predators (hackers) or prey (firms) have developed a decided advantage in this arena. We provide finding from a variety of industrial ecosystems. Our theoretical contributions include the integration of this literature with the literature of technology innovation sequencing, business cycles and the nature of service products.

Keywords: cyber war; Industry 4.0; I4.0; internet of things; IoT; learning curves; reciprocal adaptation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTIP.2019.099243

International Journal of Technology Intelligence and Planning, 2019 Vol.12 No.3, pp.297 - 314

Available online: 16 Apr 2019 *

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