Title: Do time phase and income influence the convergence in energy intensity? A cross-country analysis

Authors: Yu Sang Chang; Seongmin Jeon; Nei Hei Park

Addresses: Gachon Center for Convergence Research, Gachon University, 1342 Seongnamdaero, Sujeonggu, Seongnam, 13120, South Korea ' Gachon Center for Convergence Research, Gachon University, 1342 Seongnamdaero, Sujeonggu, Seongnam, 13120, South Korea ' Gachon Center for Convergence Research, Gachon University, 1342 Seongnamdaero, Sujeonggu, Seongnam, 13120, South Korea

Abstract: Countries' energy intensity levels are known to converge at both global and regional levels. We test the convergence in energy intensity using a large recent dataset: a 151-country sample during the period of 1980-2010. In addition, time phase and income are examined to identify the factors that influence a country's aggregate level of energy intensity. With income time-phased analysis, we discovered a pronounced convergence during the period between 1980 and 1990 and then a moderate convergence later during the period. With the subgroup analysis, middle income yields the most rapid convergence. Furthermore, high income's negative role is so pervasive that non-convergence or divergence may take place.

Keywords: energy intensity; convergence; time phased; income; distribution dynamics.

DOI: 10.1504/IJETP.2019.098955

International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy, 2019 Vol.15 No.2/3, pp.301 - 319

Available online: 04 Mar 2019 *

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