Title: The financing decision puzzle of technology-based firms: evidence from Malaysia

Authors: Hamdan Amer Al-Jaifi; Ahmed Hussein Al-Rassas

Addresses: Taylor's Business School, Taylor's University, Selangor, Malaysia ' Accounting Department, College of Business, Albaida'a University, Albaida'a, Yemen

Abstract: The financing decision among technology-based firms has become a significant issue around the globe, with the core concern to be that such firms may encounter financing limitations that could bar their growth ability. Using 92 technology-based firms observations from 2009-2012 and employing ordinary least square (OLS) regression, this study finds that there is a significant and positive relationship between board of directors' effectiveness and capital structure, and there is an inverse significant relationship between information asymmetry and capital structure. This indicates that technology-based firms having a robust board of directors minimise agency conflicts by mandating that managers, use more debts to be consistent with the interest of the shareholders. This is consistent with the agency theory where the obligation of interest payments that stem from the debt use assists in resolving the free cash flow issue. Further, the inverse relationship with information asymmetry shows that technology-based firms go through financing limitations owing to the asymmetric information that prevent their growth and development ability.

Keywords: technology-based firms; financing decision; information asymmetry; board of directors; Malaysia.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBG.2019.098734

International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 2019 Vol.22 No.2, pp.225 - 239

Available online: 15 Mar 2019 *

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