Title: Application and comparison of the cokriging and the fractal model for identifying geochemical anomalies in Janja area, SE Iran
Authors: Ali Akbar Daya; Marzieh Hosseini Nasab
Addresses: Department of Mining Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, 9816745639, Iran ' Department of Mining Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, 9816745639, Iran
Abstract: In this study, the cokriging model was used for determining the geochemical concentrations in Janja, SE Iran. Cokriging is a multivariate prediction method in spatial statistics which considers the spatial dependence as well as predicting the dependence between variables. In addition, fractal concentration-area (C-A) model was used for determining the geochemical anomalies in Janja region. Eight elements (Au, Cu, Mn, Zn, Fe, As, Mo and Pb) from 300 stream sediment samples were used to identify geochemical anomalies. The geochemical maps obtained from cokriging and fractal modelling showed that geochemical anomalies for copper and gold are located in the north, NW, and centre of the study area. Comparing the anomalies maps of the elements showed a correlation between elements of gold, copper, molybdenum, and iron in the region. Also, a negative correlation was determined between arsenic with gold and copper elements and there was not any correlation between the gold and copper elements of the region with manganese, lead, and zinc. For examining the results of the studies more closely, some of the data were analysed and evaluated using concentration-area (C-A) fractal model.
Keywords: geochemistry; anomaly separation; cokriging; concentration-area; C-A; fractal model; Janja; Iran.
International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, 2019 Vol.10 No.1, pp.1 - 26
Accepted: 16 Oct 2018
Published online: 06 Mar 2019 *